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More research on Mekong River and complete the MPPD table (point form)

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MPPD table of leverage points for Myanmar


Reduce temptation to defect

  • Going on with the hydropower projects despite resistance from the lower Mekong countries.

  • The policy of mitigating climate change by using electricity instead of depending on fossil fuels, which produce substantial amounts of carbon.

Increase temptation to cooperate

  • Developing more cooperation with Asian Development Bank (ADB) through the Greater Mekong Subregional Economic Cooperation Programme.

  • The policy of strengthening economic liaisons and facilitating sustainable management of natural resources and environmental conservation (Sunchindah 2005).

Increase Trust

  • Signing a Memorandum of Understanding with opponents such as Cambodia, Vietnam and Thailand.

  • The MOU policy will stipulate how the Cambodia, Lao, Myanmar and Vietnam (CLMV) can get assistance on implementation of ASEAN strategy for managing Mekong’s water resources.

Elongate the shadow of the future

  • By establishing the necessary hydropower projects.

  • The projects will meet huge energy demands of the 3 million households that lack electricity.

  • The revenues from the electricity exports to China and Thailand will bring us $ 116 million every year, thus contributing to GDP’s growth by 7 percent. (Astriana, Arif and Fadhilla 2016). A cooperation policy with China, which has invested US$ 6.1 billion between 2011 and 2015 (Open Development Mekong, 2015).

Provide ways to:

Share information

Increase transparency

Verify compliance

  • Joining and attending international organisations’ summits, especially the World Conservation Union (IUCN).

  • More coordination amongst NGOs, riparian institutions such as Mekong River Commission and international institutions such as IUCN.

  • Conducting a follow-up to ensure that major agreements such as the Mekong Agreement of 1995 is implemented

  • The policy of holding dialogues on proper management of biodiversity, wetlands, environmental sustenance and protection of livelihoods (Mekong Learning Initiative 2015).

  • Mekong policy of compliance (Paisley n.d.)


Astrian, F., Arif, M. and Fadhilla, A. (2016) “Water Resource Security in

the Mekong Sub- Region: The Role of ASEAN”, The Habibie Centre

[online] Special Volume, Issue 3 available: admin.thcsean.org/assets/uploads

/file/2016/05/PB [19 September 2016]

Open Development Mekong (2015) “Hydropower Dams”, [online] available

opendevelopmentmekong.net/topics/hydropower [19 September 2016]

Paisely, R. (n.d.) “Mekong Basin — International Waters Governance” [online]

available: www.internationalwatersgovernance.com/mekong.html

[19 september 2016]

Mekong Learning Initiative (2015) “Background To Mekong Institutions”[online]

available: Sydney.edu.au/Mekong/documents/currentprojects/uli-policy

[19 September 2016]

Sunchindah, A. (2005)Water Diplomacy in the Lancang-Mekong River Basin:

Prospects and Challenges [online] available: www.aseanfoundation.org/

Documents/MISIS_KAS_Workshop_on_CMS [19 September 2016]