• Category:
  • Document type:
  • Level:
  • Page:
  • Words:

Morals ideals versus Justice

Moral refers to the philosophical concepts of what is conceived as good and bad while justice refers to a set of rules that human beings assign to themselves to regulate their social behaviors in their lives. More concisely, justice can be defined as moral righteousness basing on ethical issues and rationality as well as laws, fairness and religious conception.

Justice as a conduct of human good values, enlightens, notifies and guides moral conducts. Morality and justice are rightly interconnected in that the excellence and human lives goodness, the best way that people co-exists, is closely dependent upon and intimately interlinked with those deeds and things that human beings find pleasing to them and the impacts they have upon them. A well organized and ordered society is viewed in the context of justice and goodness basing on virtual of judgment of a decent life of its people. Despite all the distress and the misfortunes that this life exposes human beings to, justice and morality are great good aspects whoever completely inclines on them is better off as Plato asserted that “justice discounted by pain and dishonor is more advantageous than injustice supplemented by the rewards of justice”. A times, people do things against their own pressing and urgent interests for the purpose of justice as well as for the sake of the goodness of the whole society which is an act of one’s duty satisfaction though human being also act justly in a bid of increasing their owns happiness which is an act of one’s self-interest satisfaction. Philosophers puts it that self-interest and duty are two independent concepts in the study of morality and justice. To bridge the gap between the self-interests and the concept of the duty, human beings have to know what is best and good. The external, aspects that we cannot change, the perception human beings have and the understanding of what surrounds us endows humanity to have an appropriate understanding and interpretation of ideas such as goodness, beauty, wisdom and justice which is the focal proposition of this work.

Through the study of these aspects that Plato as a philosopher referred to as Theory of Forms, i.e. wisdom, Beauty, Goodness and Justice, human beings will be able to free themselves from errors (bad deeds) that makes people to act unjustly and instead, understand the nature of moral life which definitely will coincide with the good life as a result of essential just deeds.

Moral life in relation to justice is further founded on the concept of judgment. For one, if a person makes an error in judgment in respect to good and justice, then there is a likelihood of making an error in decision making about how one should act in relation to others and out of this, we derive the foundation of moral life. Human beings moral judgment is defective specifically if the judgment in question is not founded in what is truly just (justice). For instance, a person may tend to act in accordance with solely the appearance and manifestation of justice and not unless we clearly understand the reality and certainty of the justice, then will we realize and act justly to the others. Justice as moral aspect comprises people’s conduct that is geared towards search for the greatest good life. The search for moral and just life makes people to leave the endless pursuit of the unsatisfying physical pleasures, earthly material benefits, earthly honors and earthly gratification that takes first priority of significance in the life of ordinary human being. The pursuit of just morals makes us understand and imitate the Form of Justice which transcends superiority and therefore raises the lives of the human beings placing our moral-just life above and beyond that of ordinary human being who is perceived to be carried by the worldly treasures.

In pursuit for moral just life, we should recognize the concept of knowledge and the role knowledge plays. The knowledge of understanding the principles of wisdom, goodness, beauty and justice is a significant value because they are core values of good life. Possessing these principles in a manner that does not show ownership is a worthwhile feature of the human soul through reasoning that consequently leads to happiness. An action is approved not that it is of high preference by reasoning but because reason will give it a first priority when that reason in question has succeeded in holding and retaining that which is good and applying the act of catching and retaining that which is good to the task of making a decisive action. Emotional bonds and in addition, activities characterized with love and friendship connected with these principles of goodness, love, beauty and justice accords human beings with intellectual understanding that enhances the value of just and moral life. Through internal love that an individual possesses towards others and in addition, the genuine friendship sub-existing in an individual towards others will instill sense of good deeds towards them and consequently resulting in application of justice and thereafter, a moral-just life incorporated in the aspect of humane acts.

The concept of orderly arrangement and harmony constitute a person’s just and moral prospective. Harmony is that concept that is characterized by various aspects displayed by living bodies, human souls as well as the act of goodness, justice and wisdom thus the goodness of a person comprises of an orderly or proportionality which is appropriate to the person’s goodness thus if a person’s acts have a high degree of harmony and order, then that person ultimately has in possession, a high degree of goodness. This therefore portrays a notion that a just, rational and enlightened human being will enjoy through contemplation and education, a high degree of orderliness in his soul hence obtaining a clear and discrete understanding of as well as the aspiration of participation in the forms of moral-goodness and justice.

Effective control of emotions and human appetite on the earthly things, discipline and admiration for the harmony of the importance aspects of moral justice will guarantee that human beings no longer possesses the desire and admiration compelling them to act in unjust manner or antisocially or rather seek advantage of worldly materials over other human beings. Understanding the above aforementioned principles and participating in harmony through acquiring intellect and effective skills has a greater prospect of acceptance as an example of a just and a moral person.

Take for instance a demonstration of the superiority of a just person’s life compared to that of unjust person despite the negative consequences that may result over time to the just person who is living in accordance to moral-justice. Through exploration of psychological suffering of the unjust person, we partially get the answer to this question. If the unjust person exercises excessive injustice/immorality, then he will experience overwhelming and undesirable psychological consequences. Thus if unjust desires are offered full lead, they suit through satisfaction, not possible to satisfy and therefore, otherwise a peaceful-fulfilling life results into one of recurring disappointment. Consequently, exercise of injustice goes against trust and generates a recurrent fear of revenge by the person who has been affected by the injustice. Thus failure to concisely reason leads to unavoidable regular and disordered internal claims leading to suffering and distress which is contrary to a prosperous, harmonious, happy and moral life.

In contrast, love that does not cause fear, disorder and disappointment/frustration in life of the just person for they study and contemplate the essence of justice and morality, have modestly satisfied appetites and possess consciousness of harmony in their souls. They lead a fulfilling and a rewarding life that is free from the consequences of competing desires and whether or not this person is affected intentionally but mistakenly, he will live a peaceful life and will not undergo any suffering such as chaotic and disappointing life that befalls the unjust person who undergo through repellant and unbearable life. The just person might be undergoing through physical pain though not constructively comparable with the psychological suffering and frustration undergone in the life of the unjust person.

In conclusion, both morality and justice are principles of a just and a good life with preposition of morals being expounded by the principal justice. Therefore, definition of moral life is given by just treatment accorded to fellow human beings and an immoral life is always inferior to the moral life.


Beattie, A. R. (2010). Justice and Morality: Human Suffering Natural Laws and International Politics. Ashgate Publishing Company- England, USA.