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Personal Journal

Table of Contents

References 8

Step 1

2013 Personal journal

August 4th, 2013

I can’t believe it is yet another free day. Lecturers have reported that they will not be attending today’s classes. I decide to read racial passing article. The article focuses on a classified individual belonging to a specific racial group who wants to be accepted to be a member of a different racial group. The story is set from an American setting during the early ages when there was a still high incidence of racial discrimination. Therefore, individuals mixed heritage such as the black Americans were fighting to be accepted by the white majority. Those from the mixed heritage race were classified to be belonging to the minority is during this period that the literature, film, music and television technology picked up in the united states promoting liberalization and realization of mixed heritage individuals rights (Benneth, 1997). August 6th, 2013

Today was my greatest day. I managed to complete all of my assignments and read an interesting story on identity and disclosure written by David Samuels. The story focused on the impact of identity and disclosure in current science fiction and ethnography. Thus, the story identifies some of the factors which contribute to identity difference such as denaturalization and naturalization. From the story, it is evident that politics play a greater role in contributing to the development of ethnographic narratives. Therefore, the similarities occurring in fields such as science fiction, ethnography and politics contribute to building of one’s culture through the varied ability in which individuals are able to express themselves.

August 8th, 2013

On this day, I had a lot of free time. This made me take little of my time to go through some stories of ethnicity, identity and difference by Stuart Hall. The purpose of reading these stories is due to the fact that issues related to identity and ethnicity form most of the English arguments on both intellectual and critical discussions. The story point out that one’s disclosure identity assumes a stable object and cannot be manipulated. Some of the conditions which disrupt identity include changes in the prevailing conditions, changes in one’s unconsciousness, variation in language and linguistics and western world disclosures of rationality which has contributed to the discovery of other laces, worlds, languages and cultures (Hall, 1991).

Cultural identity refers to the shared culture in the society. It comprises of collective true self of an individual. It reflects our historical experiences and the shared cultural codes which unites us in our societies. The unison created by the cultural identity in the colonial period greatly contributed to the reshaping of our current world’s system of governance and behavior. Through the cultural diversities, various representation forms have emerged. This includes profound researches on the diversities presented in our present cinematic and other visual presentations (Bamberg, 2010).

Additionally, cultural identity has profound differences which make up one personality. Cultural identity is a factor which changes with time. It undergoes frequent transformations accompanied by new behaviors. The transformations contribute to the current variations in terms of power and cultural practices. It is due to the cultural diversities that most of the blacks were subjected to harsh treatments by the colonialists at the colonial period. However, poor control of the cultural identity pressure results t vivid condition characterized by stateless, rootless and horizon less statuses. Differences in cultural identity and perception contributed to past colonial injustices. These include poverty, racism, political oppression and underdevelopment among various nations (Benneth, 1997).

William (1958) argues that culture constitutes one’s whole way of life. Culture forms significant portion of our current film technology, novels, television and advertising Medias. Society with a different culture from one’s culture does not oppress them. Rather, it transforms that individual’s character which makes them act in accordance with that society’s culture. Therefore, this promotes learning and creativity contributing to one’s capacity building. Therefore, belonging in a new environment with new set of cultures requires one to pick only the beneficial cultures and discard the less useful cultural practices (Hall, 1991).

However, denial differences exist among people with different cultural identities. The denial difference is caused by one’s inability to construe with the cultural difference. Denial differences arise from individual isolation, separation, complex cognitive structure/personality, affective quality and poor exercise of power which leads to over exploitation. Factors such as marginality can contribute to cultural resistance to change. The resistance arises for the differences in language, ways of life, norms, practices and beliefs. Therefore, understanding our true self, purpose and identity builds trust among ourselves which contribute to our understanding of our cultural identity and diversity(Bamberg, 2010).

Culture refers to traits which are transferred from one generation to another in our societies. It excludes biological traits such as the body size, inherited conditions and any other factors of biological origin. Culture is learnt behavior. It undergoes frequent transformation with time resulting in cultural diversities. Cultural differences have led to various negative effects in the society. These include the past colonial oppression on individuals form mixed heritage background such as the blacks in the western worlds. However, cultural diversity contributes to the emergence of new representation forms which aim at expressing our past behaviors. This includesvaried representation in the film, television, photographic and advertising media industry (Zinman, 1999).

Cultural identity differentiates one individual to another. It shapes one’s personality including ways of life and perceptions. Cultural identity occurs as a result of various factors such as gender, race difference, nationality, language, religious beliefs, ethnicity, anesthetics and sexuality among other factors. Cultural identity gives on a sense of citizenship and belonging to a particular society. This contributes to the creation of interest interplay between the media and the cultural identity (Hall, 1991).

Power, language, identity and culture are intertwined with one another. One’s culture and way of speaking or expressing themselves determines his/her power. Culture affects identity and power since the colonial period people valued the western culture than the black culture hence an indirect source of societal power. European nobles employ the use of complex styles as compared to those of the lower social status. Thiscontributes to power differences between these two social classes hence, cultural and power differences (Bamberg, 2010).

Culture forms a vital part of our daily lives. It enables us to act in accordance with the required societal norms promoting healthy social interactions and peaceful coexistence. Culture enables us to understand others and establish relationships that will promote their well-being. it enables people in the society transfer their learnt behavior from one generation to another. This enhances the creation of awareness and behavior sustainability in the society. Culture helps people identify with one another. This is done taking into consideration one’s values, ways and beliefs acceptable in the society (Susan, 2009).

Cultural identity should be acknowledged as a vital component which helps in helping one understand their culture. Thus, through cultural identity, people are able to appreciate the cultural diversities existing between them and explore ways in which their differences can be solved to promote healthy relationships. Additionally, culture plays a role in helping people solve problems in the society. This occurs through regulating one’s behavior during difficult situations as it enables them act in accordance with the required societal norms (Benneth, 1997).

Culture helps the society in interpreting certain challenging situations. This occurs through the ability of the society members to employ the traditional methods of interpreting various situations and come up with the desired interventions. Individuals are able to understand and have new visions as a result of cultural identity. The vision includes vision for co-operation among the society members, working in the society as a team and providing the members with family, state and nations’ concepts (Williams, 1958).

Therefore, a lot needs to be done in order to enable the societies explore their cultural diversities and ways in which they can positively utilize them. This can only be achieved through conducting a comprehensive society research to reveal the hidden societal culture. This is done taking into consideration the past societal experiences, acts and behaviors. However, it should be acknowledged that the above analysis has not dealt with the issue of culture, power and identity exhaustively. Therefore, further study into the topic is highly recommended.


Bamberg M. (2010). Who am I? Narration and its contribution to self and identity. New York: Sage Publishers.

Benneth T. (1997). Intellectuals, Culture, Policy: The technical, Practical and the Critical.

Hall S. (1991). Radical America. New York: Cengage.

Susan M. (2009). Being Culturally Competent or be Culturally Indulgent: what is an effective pedagogical framework for working with indigenouslearners? New York: Sage.

Williams R. (1958). Culture is ordinary. London: Verso Pub.

Zinman R. (1999). Raymond Williams: Towards a sociology of culture. London: Open University.