Transgenerational and Intergenerational Trauma Essay Example

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Causes and effects of trauma in the context of the Stolen Generation and support

Transgenerational and Intergenerational trauma are what take place when unmanaged trauma-based stress undergone by the survivors is transmitted to subsequent generations. Some of the cause of Transgenerational and Intergenerational Trauma include removal of a child from the family, child abuse, homelessness, and drug abuse among other (Dudgeon, Milroy & Walker, 2014, p.291). According to Dudgeon, Milroy & Walker (2014, p.293), if the trauma is left untreated they can have effects including anxiety, suicide ideation, family violence, depression, poor brain development and development of diseases (such cancer, heart disease, liver disease and stroke). Some of the intervention methods have been recommended management of trauma and they include adoption of Adaption after Persecution and Trauma model, cultural continuity and Five Essential Elements of trauma intervention (Dudgeon, Milroy & Walker, 2014, p.296).

Module 4: Reconciliation and Over-representation

Meaning of Reconciliation, factors that may cause behavioural and emotional problems in Aboriginal youth and possible interventions and prevention methods pp. 373 — 382

In this context, reconciliation is the method used to address and create a healing process after injustices and social disadvantages to a community. Dudgeon, Milroy & Walker (2014, p.49) argued that apology is the first method for reconciliation, as used by Prime Minister Kevin Rudd to Aboriginal peoples for the injury caused Stolen Generation process. Research has learnt that Aboriginal youth are exposed to various factors which can result in emotional and behavioural problems. Some of these factors include great exposure to behavioural and emotional difficulties, stressful life incidents, family history,
personal attributes, poor education results, developmental disability and physical health challenges (Dudgeon, Milroy & Walker, 2014, p.375). Studies have fronted various prevention and intervention methods to the affected youth. Supporting cultural engagement and application of Culturally Appropriate Resources are some of the recommended approaches. Studies show that integrating cultural beliefs and concepts around spirituality and ancestry affirms cultural identity and supports the emotional and behavioral problems.

Module 5: Indigenous or Indigeneist Research Methodologies
Guidelines for Ethical Research in Australian Indigenous Studies

The guideline presents 14 principles which talks of upholding the rights, diversity, uniqueness, practices, innovations, informed consent and mutual understanding among other issues (AIATSIS, 2012, p.1). The guidelines were created due to various reasons which are very important to research methodologies. Recognizing the diversity and avoiding generalization between the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders makes the research more credible. The guidelines provide that research should ask for the participants’ informed consent (AIATSIS, 2012, p.9). The approach allows the participants to understand the detailed information and risks associated with the research. This makes participants to willingly provide information about the topic without being coerced.


Dudgeon, P., Milroy, H., & Walker, R. (2014). Working Together: Aboriginal and Torres Strait

Islander Mental Health and Wellbeing Principles and Practice. Commonwealth of Australia.

The Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS). (2012).

Guidelines for Ethical Research in Australian Indigenous Studies. Retrieved 27th June 2017 from