Millennium Development Goals

  • Category:
    Other
  • Document type:
    Assignment
  • Level:
    Undergraduate
  • Page:
    2
  • Words:
    838

6Millennium Development Goals

Discussion 1

Child mortality is a millennium development goal that needs to be achieved and mostly by the developing countries since it is an issue that is facing them. Child mortality is commonly referred to as the death of children and infants and mostly those under the age of five years. The mortality rate in the developing countries tends to be high as compared to the already developing countries. Most of the deaths are attributed to conditions that could be treated or prevented if their parents had access to affordable and simple interventions early enough. The new born and children below the age of five years are the ones who are mostly affected. There were number of global actions that were in place and all of them are aimed at reducing the rate of mortality among the children. The World Health Organization (World Health Organization) was an agency that was fully committed to addressing child mortality. The WHO played an essential role in that it directs the international health within the UN systems and led the partners into responses that relates to global health. The WHO advocated for the prioritization of the health of children. When the children issues were prioritized the health personnel took a closer look to the children and thus they were able to detect any issues that the children may be having at an early age (WHO, 2016). This really helped in the achievement of the millennium development goal of reducing child mortality.

Another global action is through the use of the sustainable development goal number 3 which aimed at ending preventable deaths of the young children and those under the age of 5 by the year 2030. In relation to the community development principles, the global action in a way applies the diversity principle. This principle revolved around the concept of diversity the health practitioners, parents as well as the care givers have to come up with new and advanced strategies that will be fit for new circumstances (Baum, 2008). This may have a great impact on the community in that they may also be forced to be diversified and adapt to the new and emerging aspects that will assist in solving and ensuring that the millennium development goal is achieved. Thus, the community played an essential role in ensuring that they strengthens the health services and furnishes the health facilities with technical assistance. By doing so, the community is actively involved in solving their own issues in the best way they can (Tesoriero, 2010).

References

Baum, F. (2008). The new public health. South Melbourne, Victoria: Oxford University Press.

Tesoriero, F. (2010). Community Development: Community-based alternatives in an age of globalization. Frenchs Forest, NSW: Pearson Education. Australia.

World Health Organization (WHO) (2016). Children: reducing mortality. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs178/en/

Discussion 2

There are a total of 17 SDGs and the chosen one in this case is taking urgent action to combat climate change as well as its associated impacts. This SDG is of great importance when it comes to address a number of social issues. In this regard, by combating climate change a major social issue that will be solved is the eradication of extreme poverty and hunger among the citizens (Taylor, Wilkinson & Cheers, 2008). Climate change is defined as the change in the statistical distribution of the weather patterns and this is the case when the change exists for a long period of time, for example, for a number of decades (Burton, 2014). Climate change has adverse effects such as stronger hurricanes, severe heat waves and flooding just to mention a few of them.

The Youth Climate Movement is an Australian based agency that aims at addressing climate change. The agency have engaged in a number of campaigns such as the conference of the youth, think 2050 campaign and at the same time they have participated at the UNFCCC(United Nations Climate Change Conference) negotiation process. These campaigns makes people aware of the issues of climate change and its effects and therefore urge them to do away from activities that are likely to lead to climate change and its adverse effects. The program makes use of the values that are inherent in the idea of change from below in that to solve an issue the community needs to determine their own needs and the best ways in which they should be met and this revolves around the idea that at the individuals at the local level know their needs the best and thus they should be well suited in coming up with ideas of the way to solve the arising issues (Minkler & Wallerstein, 2005).

References

Burton, P. (2014). Responding to Climate Change. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.

Minkler, M. & Wallerstein, N. (2005). Improving health through community organization and community building. In. M. Minkler (Ed), Community organizing and
community building for health 2nd Ed. (pp. 26-50). New Brunswick, USA: Rutgers University Press.

Taylor, J. Wilkinson, D. & Cheers, B. (2008). Working with communities in health and human services. Sydney: Oxford.