Military and the Cyber Essay Example
Military and the Cyber
A military is an organization of people that are governed by their respective governments or states. The state or the government has the power to authorize the military to use force by using weaponry for the purpose of defending their country or motherland among as well as state or government institutions in situations of threats or even combat. Other functions of the military of a country include; controlling the internal society, driving a political agenda and also to promote the economic condition of a countrythrough imperialism. The military has always had four domains which they were under their control and these include land, air, sea and space. However, with the advanced development in technology another domain has come up and this is the cyber. The newest domain is still debatable because not many people support it as a military domain (Dupuy, 1990).
The Armed Forces
The armed forces are a domain of the military operating on dry land. The armed forces are an organization that is sponsored by the government to defend and fight threats against the country on land. Their main functionsof the armed forces include promoting the policies of their country whether domestic or foreign and also to physically defend the country from enemies bothwithin and outside the borders of the country.
The Marine Forces
The marine forces also known as Marine Corps and also the naval infantry are a branch of the military that promote the policies and defend the country against external and internal threats from the waters or the sea. With the increase in the various kinds of warfare such as piracy and terrorism among others the marine forces have been forced to enhance their skills and capabilities in amphibious warfare to be able defend their country and policies well (Casson, 1991).
The Air Forces
Also known as military aviation is the use of aircrafts among other flying machinery for purposes of fighting in wars. Warfare has driven countries to innovate their ways of tackling combat with external and internal enemies and thus the military aviation was created to combat enemies during war from the air. This has enabled the invention and innovation of combat aircrafts such as the fighters, the bombers, the reconnaissance aircraft, transports and also the trainers.
The Space Military
The space military is also known as space warfare, this is because it involves combat from out of space such as fighting or attacking the satellites from the surface of the earth however, space warfare can also include space to space attacks involving satellites attacking other satellites. Satellites have always been used for surveillance, communication within the military as well as espionage. However, with increased technology warfare has been taken to the space and thus satellites are being used for war (Hobbes, 1986).
The Cyber Domain or Cyberspace
This domain of the military was established as a result of the increased networking and digitalization in the universe. Cyberspace is a very delicate domain of the military because if it falls in the wrong hands all the other domains of the military will also be handicapped severely. Cyberspace does not have a fighting domain however, it has the power to bind all the domains of the military thus making it very dangerous and this essay will focus on why the cyber domain should not be created and where it has been created it should be brought down (Hobbes, 1986).
Dangers of Operating Cyberspace as a Domain of the Military
The military is the most disciplined organization that has been trained to take orders from their seniors without questions and thus the cyberspace is developed to take orders from its commander or operator through codes. The codes used can be complex to operate for the military leading to cracks in time which if detected by computer hackers can lead to a very deadly situation for the country because the hackers will create codes and thus give command to the system to cater to their purpose such as terrorism among other attacks to the country. This can be harmful especially if the country has military weapons that have been stored in the systems among other defense strategies stored in the system. Complexities in the systems can double as the vulnerability of the cyberspace. To overcome this situation the country should tighten the control of military information in their systems (Libicki, 2012).
Another danger of cyberspace involves the fact that cyberspace is manmade and hence its systems are not malleable or permanent unlike the other domains. Non malleability is as a result of changes in computer among other software versions and products. Computer products are handled by a number of firms which have to follow certain protocols in the internet and during internet traffics the connections may become vulnerable and accessible to those who are online thus reducing the discretion of cyberspace (Libicki, 2012).
Cyberspace is a product of multiple mediums making cyberspace vulnerable to cyber warriors or hackers who use the information for negative intentions or to cause harm to the country. A wealthy adversary to a country is capable of maintaining high security of its military systems while a poorer adversary might not be able to afford to maintain its military communication links. This concept also applies to countries that are in war and are using cyberspace, if the country is not well financed and sophisticated in war technology then its cyberspace is susceptible to hacking by its enemies but a country that is well off financially and in technology expertise is unlikely to have its communication links attacked by its adversaries (Libicki, 2012).
Using cyberspace in military can be very challenging because sometimes the focus tends to change from improving fighting tactics such as speed, mass, fires, synchronization, command and also control among others to issues such as creating as well as preventing effects of the technology. This effect makes people question whether cyberspace is concerned with defending the domain or the missions the militants are on. Cyberspace is also prone to poor instructions and losing control of the systems by their operators (Libicki, 2012).
The military is a very important part of the country as it assures us of safety and promotes our country’s policies. The military is mainly involved with combat and there is a need to develop the military to ensure the security of our people as well as the militants in war and that has seen the growth of military from land to the sea the air, space and now we have cyberspace. Compared to other domains cyberspace is manmade thus making it more vulnerable than the others. Cyberspace includes putting military information and strategies in computer software making them susceptible to hackers and loss of focus by the operators among other issues that could endanger a country’s defense as well as the other domains.
Libicki, M, C. (2012). Cyberspace is not a War Fighting Domain: Journal of Law and Policy for the Information Society, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 321-336.
Hobbes, D. (1986). An Illustrated Guide to Space Warfare.London: Salamander Books Ltd.
Macvey, J, W. (1979). Space Weapons, Space War. New York: Stein and Day.
Dupuy, T, N. (1990). Understanding War: History and Theory of Combat. London: Leo cooper.
Casson, L. (1991). The Ancient Mariners. Princeton University: Princeton university press.
Estes, K, W and Heinl, R, D. (1995). Handbook for Marine NCOs.Naval Institute Press.
Andress, J and Winterfield, S. (2011). Cyber Warfare: Techniques, Tactics and Tools for Security Practioners. Syngress.
Brenner, S. (2009).Cyber Threats: The Emerging Fault Lines of the Nation State. Oxford University: Oxford University Press.
Ventre, D. (2012). Cyber Conflict. CompetingNational Perspectives. London: Wiley ISTE
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