Mental illness Essay Example

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Mental illness

Mental illness

  1. Signs and symptoms of mental illness.

  • Suicidal thinking

  • Excessive worries and fears

  • Withdrawal from activities and friends

  • Changes in sex drive

  • Excessive anger, violence or hostility (Fortinash & Holoday-Worret, 2012)

  1. When a client is suspected to develop a mental illness, he or she should be encouraged to seek medical attention for an assessment. If the person declines to seek medical help, I would discuss my concerns with the health provider to see what is able to be done. Support and encouragement is important when dealing with mental health clients (White et al, 2011). Clinical management involves pharmacological interventions while non-clinical interventions involve various therapies like cognitive behavioral therapy and exercise.

  2. Psychological treatments are frequently the most effective for individuals affected by depression and anxiety disorders, whereas medications are principally useful for individuals that mental illness has severely affected them (Townsend, 2012). Rather than within a hospital, management within the community is believed to be effective for an individual’s mental health. Medications such as antidepressants are also useful for mental illness management. Self-help group involves individuals with a universal bond who willingly meet in order to share and learn from one another in an environment that is open, supportive and trusting (Fortinash & Holoday-Worret, 2012).

4. The patient’s perspective is not just an issue of personal preference but is intervened through the cultural and social environment. Client’s perceptions concerning provision of care affect his or her behavior both prior and in the course of service. I would incorporate a client-centred approach by understanding as well as respecting their attitudes, needs and concerns (Fortinash & Holoday-Worret, 2012) -In terms of collaboration, it is important to work with other health care providers so as to enhance the patient’s recovery process by meeting his or her individual needs
-the purpose of the assessment should be client centered whereby the client should be the centre of the assessment.
5. -Environment: the environment should be working friendly so that the client can be corporative.
. (Scott, 2009) -Consent: It is the right of a patient to be informed prior to making decisions in health care.

  1. To build on Marica’s strengths, one of the strategies would be to encourage her to join a self-help group. Self-help is actually grounded on the belief of assisting oneself as well as others simultaneously. Hence, self-help is a shared process, with no dichotomy involving the assistant and the individual being assisted.

  2. Mental illness can negatively impact education and employment, because of medication’s effects or other effects (Scott, 2009). People who have mental illness may not work but experience barriers to active engagement in worthwhile, fruitful employment.

  3. Measures should be taken in order to support people with a mental illness to get access to education and employment opportunities as well as continue in placement of work. Through destigmatization of mental health illness, via enhancing public understanding as well as acceptance of various conditions like anxiety, depress and schizophrenia, people can be effectively supported in their general life (Scott, 2009). Referrals are helpful when managed correctly because the client gets a better management.

  4. Denial, stigma and grief.

  1. Client’s medical information should be accurate and well-organized with no errors of handwriting and write-offs (DeMyer, 2009). Information about past as well as present decisions of treatment should be documented. Client’s reason for the visit should be well recorded. The information can be stored in a medical record system.

  2. Sam may need a mental health specialist and rehabilitation and self-help services may benefit Sam.

  3. Sam’s risk of self-harm includes feeling down and depressed.

  1. Assessment’s results would be used to make a proper diagnosis (Scott, 2009). The relationship between assessment and future interventions and referral is that through assessment, a proper intervention can be established hence referrals are made where possible.

  2. Lisa is ready to develop a plan and activities specific to her individual needs because she presented herself to the service center.

  3. Lisa needs to be told the reason and importance of her referral. The agency/service should be informed about Lisa’s individual needs so that she can be managed at a personal level.

  4. I would encourage Lisa to appreciate the importance of the planning process. Interventions and goals would be formulated from a client-centered perspective.

  5. I would document and keep the record of this planning process and Lisa’s management plan by involving other healthcare providers in order to meet Lisa’s individual need.

  6. I would check if the intervention plan meets Lisa’s needs. A regular review of the management plan is important because the necessary changes can be done in order to meet the needs of the client.

  7. Working collobaratively with the client is important because the client’s perception influences her behavior towards the period of service.

  8. Client’s quality of services is the center of effective management (Townsend, 2012).

  9. Regular feedback to the supervisor is important since she or he can advice on the proper approach of managing the client.


Townsend, M. C. (2012). Psychiatric mental health nursing: Concepts of care in evidence-based practice. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Co.

Fortinash, K. M., & Holoday-Worret, P. A. (2012). Psychiatric mental health nursing. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby.

White, L., Duncan, G., & Baumle, W. (2011). Foundations of Adult Health Nursing. Clifton Park, N.Y: Delmar/ Cengage Learning.

DeMyer, W. (2009). Taking the clinical history: Eliciting symptoms, knowing the patient, ethical foundations. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Scott, C. L. (2009). Handbook of Correctional Mental Health. New York: American Psychiatric Pub.