Mental Health and Alcoholism in Australia Essay Example
Mental Health and Alcoholism in Australia
Alcohol and Mental Health in Young Australians
Alcohol is the most abused substance in Australia in adults between the age of 16 years and 22 years. The Victorian community has launched the no excuse campaign aimed to challenge the alcohol culture. The campaign has involved the local celebrities to influence the young people into the campaign. Vic health identifies peer pressure as the most obvious cause and influence to adolescent alcoholism. According to surveys conducted by the Ministry of mental health indicates that young people engage in alcoholism due to peer pressure.
The campaign objective is to create awareness among the young people and inspire them to be able to make rational, informed and personal decisions on alcoholism. The objective of the campaign is to ensure the young people can stand and cope with peer pressure from their friends and resist alcoholism (Bush, Bird, & Charles Sturt University, 2007). Surveys have shown that young people take alcohol for social reasons but not to get excessively drunk.
The ministry of health should take this seriously in order to reduce the problems of future alcoholism. Alcoholism starts at an early age and goes through various stages of addiction which become hard to tame later in life. The campaign is the right step in the right direction because it seeks to address the current cropping alcoholism problem among young people and still prevent future problems in the in the future.
State of alcoholism in Australia
Alcohol contributes a considerable amount of total mortality, morbidity and injuries in Australia. Alcohol-related harm is not limited to the health of the abusers but affects the family and society at large. A huge proportion of young people in Australian have admitted taking alcohol in different reasons attached to social and cultural contexts. This is under the influence of peer pressure since most of them confesses introduction to alcoholism by friends. The drink for pleasure, relaxation and intoxications are reasons given by these young people (Copeland & University of New South Wales, 2009). Most of Australians who engage in alcoholism do it at low levels that have minimum adverse effects. This low level increases the levels of ill health and addiction in later stages of this young generation.
Many Australian families have a history of excessive drinking. This behavior is easily passed down to the children and the trend continues. Social joints such as the bar and restaurants make it hard for a person suffering from alcoholism to abstain since beer is easily and readily available. Alcohol is restricted in Australia, but the implementation is always a challenge. Alcohol should only be should be authorized outlets and the age of limit for purchasing and consumption of alcohol. Alcohol should only be sold with the proof of age required, and this also applies to the permitting people into bars and night clubs.
Strict laws enhancing responsible drinking and intoxication that attracts heavy fines to the offenders. The government has passed laws to curb alcoholism in young people, but not much has been achieved. The laws remain written in papers, but the implementation remains poor (Copeland & University of New South Wales, 2009). This war can be won only if all the stakeholders, parents, schools, government and retailers take up the matter in their own hands. Young people are the future of the country and all the measures need to be taking protect the future generation. This is a global problem, but Australia needs to lead other nations by example.
The No Excuse Needed campaign
In 2013 national drug and safety, household survey indicated that alcohol abuse has drastically reduced since 2010. The daily drinking rate has reduced from7.3% to 6.4%, the lowest level ever since 1990. This period recorded an increased number of people who had never tasted alcohol from 12.2% to 13.8%. The survey showed there is a growing proportion abstaining from alcoholism between 2010 and 2013, from 63% to 73% (Hawks & National Centre for Research into the Prevention of Drug Abuse (Australia), 2009). Young people are delaying taking their first drinking from the age of 14.4 to 15.8.
Alcohol consumption predisposes a wide range of health-related risks and harms such as the road accidents, domestic violence, family breakdowns and social dysfunctions. People taking more the two standard drinks per day are more prone to alcohol-related complications. Males are twice likely as females to exceed the recommended rate.
Patterns of alcohol abuse vary by age, sex and cultural and religious backgrounds. Many young drinkers engage in harmful drinking. Binge drinking is common place, and this drinking is associated with harms, that is associated with more risks health problems, violence, and mortality, alcohol harm also lead to long-term toxicity after a long period of alcoholism. Alcohol is a known contributor of violence and crimes. Young people who drink alcohol are less experienced and place themselves in high risky situations. Alcoholism leads to irrational decisions such as driving or committing suicide that may have lifetime consequences.
The 2007 survey showed that 20% of 14-19n years old consumed alcohol on a regular basis (Bush, Bird, & Charles Sturt University, 2007). The research indicated the young people consuming alcohol were at very high risk of developing an addiction to alcohol, high probability of suffering physical and mental health conditions and serious social problems. Alcohol depresses brain develop in young people.
Alcohol is a CNS depressant, and the most obvious and immediate effect is relaxation and loss of inhibitions. As the intake increases, these effects are counter balanced by unpleasant such as drowsiness, loss and balance to life-threatening events such as unconsciousness and dyspnea causing death. The cumulative effects of alcohol consumption have been associated with diseases that contribute to national mortality rate and reduce the quality of life. These cardiovascular diseases such as Hypertension and cancer, Liver cirrhosis, obesity and overweight, nutritional related disorders and diabetes.
There is growing fact based association of alcohol and increased the prevalence of mental health conditions such as depression, anxiety and affects the efficacy of antidepressants. Other related health complications are less tolerance, Dependence and addiction, fetal complications and Diabetes. The National Health and Medical Research Council has invested more than $87.64 in alcohol research In the last 15 years, the financial year 2015 receiving the highest amount of $11.46 million (Stockwell & Crosbie, 2001). The increased funding is a clear indication of the commitment to reduce alcoholism in the country.
Rationale of no excuse needed campaign
Many young people in Australia end up drinking irresponsibly due to the peer influence. Victorian government and Vic health campaign against peer pressure in children against alcoholism. The campaign aims to motivate the young generation to stand firm and make own informed decisions on alcoholism. Young people need to realize they owe no one an excuse or explanation when they are making decisions on alcoholism. Young people should have the courage to stand up and make personal decisions and without fearing them or being compromised by their friends and peers.
The survey indicated many young people engage drinks irresponsibly due to their friends influence. Young people need to take charge of their lives and not allow their peers to control their behaviors that could threaten their health (Kerr Rowland et al., 2007). Young people should not copy irresponsible behaviors from their peers neither should they force one another into them. Young people think they need reasons for objections and justification to their peers when they do not subscribe to demands.
Most of the young people do not have intentions of drinking too much when going out for an evening but always goes beyond their limits due to pressure. Young people knees to realize that it is only healthy when socializing and drinking moderately. The question that arises from the findings of the survey is the levels of self-esteem and motivation of young people in making their firm decisions concerning their lives. Low esteem and esteem are the underlying factors that cause makes them susceptible.
No Excuse Needed campaign aims to create awareness to the young people that they need no one approval to take charge of their lives. The campaign seeks to motivate them to stand against the external pressure that makes them vulnerable to excessive drinking. The campaign also seeks to challenge the young people to respect other people lives and decisions and avoid dragging them into alcoholism. As friends, they should earn to respect their friend’s opinions and decisions and support them. Addiction to alcohol starts when the drinkers lack principles in their social joints. This trend is dangerous to the future of the country since young are the strengths of any society, their energy, innovative skills, and dreams might not be realized because of alcoholism. All the stake holders need to manage this cancer.
Mental health implications of alcohol on the young Australians
People who become alcohol dependent feels the must drink alcohol to continue feeling good and avoid mood swings. Drinkers find it hard to control how much they drink when alcohol is available, and they cannot function properly in the absence of alcohol (Saunders, 2008). When these people wake up, alcohol is the first things they think off in order their bodied to function properly. This is a global problem that has been ignored for long but the outcomes are worrying.
Drinking interferes with the brain functions and generates body actions that that are uncoordinated. Communication pathways interfere with, and the control system is depressed, lowers reaction time, loss of balance and memory problems. These puts the drinkers in risky situations such as causing accidents while driving. Drinking lowers inhibitions slows down the processing of information from the senses putting the drinker into more danger. Drinking causes young people to be sleepier, reduces body temperature and makes people clumsy.
There is a growing concern of increased alcohol consumption on the mental health of young people. There are very serious challenges facing the young people in society such as unemployment and substance abuse. Young people are lured to these behaviors when faced with challenges. People taking alcohol are four times to suffer from depression than non-drinkers. Alcohol causes mental illness to young people and inhibits proper brain development. Alcohol causes mood depression effects during the intoxication and when the drunkards and during withdraw period. This also comes indirectly when these young people engage in physical fights and arguments, creating feelings of depression and anxiety. Most of these young people in this age bracket are students and these affect their learning concentration.
Australian people engaging in excessive disorders suffer from personality disorders that are evident in individuals receiving treatment on alcohol dependence. This complicates the treatment and recovery of this individual. People with mental illnesses like schizophrenia are most likely to be dependent on alcohol than normal people. Individual with alcohol-related problems are at more risk of developing this disease. These patients are at higher risk of alcohol effects due to self-medication rather than direct cause and effect link. People with this dual diagnosis use alcohol as a distressing method for systems. There is a co existence of mental health and alcohol use.
Alcohol use in Australia is associated with suicide cases, self-harm and psychotic effects to the users. Alcohol people are not able to use their inhibitions especially when these people are emotional. The memories are lowered by alcohol by alcohol (NSW Health & New South Wales, 2007). The brain processing speed is lowered, and memory is impaired. These young people in school need efficient memory to pass examinations and grasp enough knowledge from school to help the after school. Although the short-term memory loss does not indicate brain damage, high frequency of heavy drinking causes brain damage.
Recommendations to need excuse campaign against alcoholism in young people
The No Need Excuse Campaign should is the step in the right direction whose main objective is to motivate young people against peer pressure that forces them irresponsible drinking behaviors. Young people have the personal responsibility of taking care of their lives. They should stand up and make informed choices about their lives without taking influence from their peers. The campaign needs to be diversified and have a holistic approach toward solving alcoholism problems. The campaign should involve measures to help the addicted young people, establish why young people prefer taking shots before eighteen and then offer a health based package meant to save them from alcoholism.
The training should be rolled out in schools and universities, these initiatives will help the campaign to get closer to the young people and address them. The campaign should by spearheaded by young people as a way of bringing on board young people onto the campaign (NSW Health & New South Wales, 2007). The campaign should involve local artists since artists are famous, influential and respected and make impact in the society. Artists will attract many young people, and this will help the event organizes to address the crowd. The event organizers should have promotional events such as competitions to that will revolve around withdrawal and reduction of alcohol abuse.
The campaigns also target people with mental health problems such as depression and anxiety. These mental problems obstruct students from concentrating in their studies. The campaign should help the addicted young people cope with this problem and reduce their influence to the non-drinkers. The campaign should partner with rehabilitation centers to give to extend these services for the addicted people.
The campaign should offer to train the public health care providers on advising the young people on alcoholism. The government should invest more on such campaigns to be extended into churches and social joints. The campaign should be run on all the major media platforms to reach out more people and also in social media which is very effective to young people. People with mental problems should not be left out by this campaign. These people are victims of the challenges facing the society, and they should be helped to overcome this problem.
. Wagga Wagga, NSW: Centre for Rural Welfare Research, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Charles Sturt University-Riverina. Future directions for alcohol and drug services in the city of Wagga Wagga: A report and recommendations to Wagga Wagga Base Hospital and area health servicesBush, R. A., Bird, C., & Charles Sturt University. (2007).
. Sydney, NSW: School of Community Medicine, University of New South Wales. Shared care in the management of alcohol & other drug-related disorders: A review of the literatureCopeland, J., & University of New South Wales. (2009).
. Bentley, W.A.: National Centre for Research into the Prevention of Drug Abuse. The prevention of alcohol related problems in the national contextHawks, D., & National Centre for Research into the Prevention of Drug Abuse (Australia). (2009).
. Bethesda, MD: U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service. Mental health directoryKerr rowland, National Clearinghouse for Mental Health Information (U.S.), National Institute of Mental Health (U.S.), United States, & Center for Mental Health Services (U.S.). (2007).
. North Sydney, N.S.W: NSW Dept. of Health. Mental health reference resource for drug and alcohol workersNSW Health, & New South Wales. (2007).
. Bentley, W.A: Educational Media Centre for the Addiction Studies Unit, Division of Health Sciences, Curtin University of Technology. Alcoholism and the familySaunders, B., Orford, J., Curtin University of Technology, & Curtin University of Technology. (2008).
(4), 23-56. 2, International Journal of Drug PolicyStockwell, T., & Crosbie, D. (2001). Supply and demand for alcohol in Australia: relationships between industry structures, regulation and the marketplace.
More Important Things