• Category:
  • Document type:
    Case Study
  • Level:
  • Page:
  • Words:

Media Analysis Report

Affiliate Institution:

Media Analysis Report

Executive Summary

Media helps to highlight issues in the society. Some media articles use different theories and perspectives to drive home their points. However, media has experts on crime theories whereby they correlate their ideas with new issues in the current world. People have adopted the reading of news articles rather than viewing televisions. Also, most of the articles target international audience rather than local ones. Use of images is common to explain pertinent issues.


Various news articles deal with cropping issues in the field of criminal justice such as aboriginal people, racial segregations, abortion, and corruption and court matters. The area of criminal justice is vast hence need constant coverage as issues may crop up each and every day. Media crime theories include Marxism, Pluralism, functionalism, developmental theory and Libertarian. Media articles may combine two or more of these theories in arranging and submitting their information to the readers about aboriginal people in Australia. The essay will deal with the analysis of media articles dealing with criminal justice topics while highlighting on theories of crimes in media.

Article analysis

1. Closing the Gap ‘doomed to fail’ without more Indigenous input,

The article is based on a lengthy explanation of how leaders to apply the Gap Policy in the aboriginal people in Australia. Publication targets audience from all over the world, hence its simple language accompanied by one. Also, the article, published on ABC News website, incorporates functionalist approach because every aspect of justice systems work in harmony with the others. According to Natasha (2016), unless indigenous entities contribute towards the success of the policy, things would be difficult for the leaders.

2. Time to Turn a Light on Aboriginal Deaths in Custody

The article highlights on the passing of Miss Dhu in custody in Western Australia. The reporter uses simple language. There are increasing deaths in detention. According to Ethan (2016), sentences should not lead to deaths. It makes use of functionalism theory. The article portrays how human rights activists chip in to allow fairness among the aboriginals in Australia. The media outlet uses one image and long explanation while basing on functionalism perspective.

3. Death of 10-year-old Aboriginal girl

The article, according to Eleanor (2016), deals with the calls for international community and the Australian government to intervene the pursuit of justice for the girl. The news article focuses on elaborating on the aboriginal issue at hand. However, the article uses Libertarian theory as a media theory in advocating for equal justice for indigenous people. Also, it entails the use of long narration in the form of a dialogue between Mick Gooda and Imogen, to give the reader a snapshot of what is going on in Australia.

4. Longest serving Australian Prisoner

The news article highlighted on Lateline in ABC Television, a man spend an extended sentence of 42 years. It shows how aboriginals in Australia spend long jail terms for crimes that would call for restorative justice. According to John (2016), the convicted murderer spend a long period whereby he faced harsh life in prison. The news article makes use functionalist approach to passing information about Robert Veen, the killer. It also uses simple language and dialogue. One image is in use.

5. Kimberley Grog Restrictions

The news article from ABC pushes for the ease on grog restrictions. The story is long while the author does not use images other than dialogue narrative. The report puts the use of functionalism perspective because media highlights the importance of a proper form of justice in aboriginals in Australia. All the items in this section target international audience while it stirs their stance about the topic at hand.

6. Race among the Aboriginals

The article uses one image to capture the attention of the reader. Also, the sentences are well constructed. The target audience is any person from any part of the world. However, the lengthy explanations make the article captivating while using examples. According to Kerry & Lisa (2016), the colour should not be a matter of discussion in Australia among the Aboriginals because everybody has right to live. The article utilizes the functionalist perspective of media to highlight the central issues in indigenous populations.

7. Rise of ideologies among the Aboriginals

The article makes use of images and lengthy explanations to address the issue of ideological wars among the Aboriginals in Australia. It also makes use of Marxism theory of crimes. According to Michael (2016), Australians developed the ideological views on things hence bringing up dynamism on the same. The authors target audience from all over the world. The article is well written hence makes it among the best news articles one can ever read addressing contemporary indigenous issues relating to people.

8. Indigenous suicide rates

The article talks about the rise in suicide rates among the indigenous population in Australia. However, it uses two images while the explanation supplements it. The article is also educative while it tries to give the reader an overview of the issue that has taken many people’s lives. According to Gavin & Kia (2016), specialist hotline should be in place to respond to issues of suicides while Aboriginal counsellors take up the task of offering guidance and counselling. The media outlet uses development theory in elaborating on the issue.

9. Sexual Violence among Aboriginal communities

According to Andrea (2016), sexual violence in rising in Australia among the Aboriginal people. He highlights the need for a criminal justice process that would help the victims while charging the perpetrators. The courts are well organized while they tackle issues arising ranging from petty offenders to murderers. The writer utilizes images while using short explanations. One could notice the application of Marxist theory in giving the right direction to the society. The article seems to target audience from the native country, Australia.

10. Jills Millstream

The news piece is a documentary that touches on an Aboriginal person who returns to the rural place while seeking justice and reconciliation. The article shows how people are longing for a real future in Ngurra area according to Ngurra (2016) documentary. The video uses simple language that would enable the aboriginal people to understand. The media outlet also uses development theory in elaborating on the content of reconciliation and hope.

11. Effect of white settlement on Aboriginal people

The video is a news piece that seeks to understand how people ended up settling at Lakes Entrance town and bush camps. It deals with aboriginal people while applying functionalist theory. The video makes use of visual images while the subtitle helps the foreign listeners and viewers to understand the situation that ensued after white settlement in Australia. Government’s prison performance in Australia. The video can be obtained from the SBS website.

12. Australian Aboriginal Prison Population

The news article from regional news network deals with the performance of prisons in Australia. The use of one large image attracts the attention of the reader. The language use draws the attention of the reader because of the graphic nature. According to Andrea (2016), there is an increase in aboriginal prisoners’ population by 9 percent over the last one year. It may indicate high crime rates among the aboriginals. The news personnel values functionalist approach while elaborating on the importance of social work among aboriginals.

13. Julieka Dhu’s Mother

The piece by Ella & Craig (2016) is well elaborate and with a lot of pity. Dhu had died in prison due to unknown circumstances. The article is based on lengthy explanation with one image to caption for Dhu’s mother. It applies Marxism approach about Australia’s aboriginal people. It targets audience from every part of the world. However, the article is in graphic form hence enabling the reader to get finer details of the same.

14. Queer Movement in Australia

The article talks about how the aboriginals need to decolonize the Queer movement. However, Maddee (2016), non-indigenous strange people should be in a position to focus on attention from Indigenous queers. The media outlet uses lengthy explanations accompanied by images to justify his information. The article incorporates functionalist approach because of the usefulness of every aspect of the society. One can skim the article because of the simple language that targets an international audience.

15. Action on Indigenous leaders

The article addresses issues of underperforming governmental workers. It is based on an interview with the Prime Minister of Australia on a television program. Use of graphic language justifies the content. However, application of Marxism approach is at work. According to Stan (2016), Australia’s indigenous leadership should be on point in aiding the Aboriginal people regarding justice. It makes use of Libertarian approach. The language is graphic to some extend while targeting an international audience.

16. Abortion in Australia

The article addresses issues of galloping abortion rates in Australia. Use of graphic language justifies the content. However, application of Marxism approach is at work. According to Act (2016), Australia’s abortion law allows for a certain time, that is, 28 days. Also, the article does not use any image apart of extensive explanations on the topic at hand. It makes use of Libertarian approach. The language is graphic to some extend while targeting an international audience.

17. Josephine Cashman thoughts

The news article deals with the views of Josephine Cashman on defending herself. She is a member of the Aboriginal committee who work to defend the aboriginal people’s justice in Australia. Also, the use of large images and ordinary language captures the reader’s attention. The article makes use of functionalist perspective in highlighting on the aboriginals about criminal justice. According to Josephine (2016), she is not hyped at all regardless of how people accuse her.

  1. Deaths in Custody

The article makes use of short narration of the story while capturing pertinent issues in the same field. The article applies Marxism media perspective. According to Rachael (2016). The mortality rate for men seems to be higher in state prisons in Australia, whereby the aboriginal people are the majority. The authors use ordinary language to narrate the story. The authors recommend eradication of brutal practices that end up killing the prisoners.

  1. Aboriginal Woman of the year

This article deals with Dana Clarke, who becomes Aboriginal Woman of the year. It followed her efforts to see through a successful criminal justice among the native women in Australia. According to Andrea (2016), Dana was among the favourites for the highly coveted prize. The news personality uses simple language to put across their message. The story bases on development theory and pluralism.

  1. Aboriginal Girls abuse

It deals with aboriginal girls in the Australia and how the court system handles the perpetrators. According to Natasha (2016), the public is urging the government to pay the families substantial compensation. The media outlet applies the use a single image and lengthy explanations to explain the topic at hand. The article makes use of the pluralist approach. However human rights are adhered to in the case of Parramatta girls’ cases.

  1. Statement of Aboriginal women budget.

The article deals with the indigenous system whereby it advocates for the need for women’s budgetary statements. According to Miranda (2016), that is one of the ways to strengthen the Aboriginal people. The media house uses two images and lengthy explanations to pass their messages. It employs functionalism theory as it shows various legislations and it helps them come up with their reports and publications on indigenous justice. The article targets an international audience. The article is a description of nature where the writer is advocating justice for the indigenous people.

  1. Living Out Loud among the Aboriginals

It is about the way natives of Australia carry on with their lives. Chris Howden uses a radio program to evaluate the living standards of people in Australia. According to Chris (2016), most of the people fear criminal activities and the consequence. The media article appreciates the use of libertarian theory. It helps them to give all the information to the readers and hence to make them discern the truth from all the information given. The media houses use a single image and lengthy explanations to pass the messages.

  1. Criminal prevention strategies in Australia

Keen (2016) deals with the prevention of the ever increasing online and cyber-crimes which has been witnessed in both government and private departments in Australia. The media personnel uses many images and short explanations to explain the issue of crime prevention among the aboriginals. Images capture the reader’s attention more than lengthy explanations and wording. The article makes use of pluralism theory of crime. It targets national audience because of the need to deal with aboriginal matters in Australia.

  1. Royal commission hearing of an Aboriginal case

The article deals with the judicial system and type of crimes in Australia. According to Mark (2016) in his evening show on ABC, the prosecutor argued that the survivor, who happen to be an aboriginal, had no money to handle the case. The media house uses two images and lengthy explanations to relay their messages to the public. It targets national audience because of its closeness to the issues of a country. The article employs functionalism theory.

  1. Sex offenders

The article deals with sex offenders comprising of both male and female committing crimes like rape, sex molestation, and gender discrimination. The article relates to Australia’s journals of criminology on the rights of aboriginals. The authors use three images and short explanations to convey their messages to the readers who are longing for enriching knowledge. Rice & Harris (2016) employ Marxism theory since it stresses the power of media to control people as it targets an international audience.

  1. Survivors and Thrivers in 2016

According to Andrea (2016), the issue is to recognize survivor aboriginals in 2016. The article employs the pluralism theory. The media houses use a single image of Rosalie and lengthy explanations to relay the messages. It targets the national audience in Australia and other historians. The author appreciates the use of ordinary language which is well understood by many people to drive the message efficiently. One of the survivors who still thrives in 2016 in Australia is Rosalie Kunoth Monks.

  1. Reforms in Australia Indigenous media

The article deals with changes directed to the eradication of some laws in media. The authors employ pluralism theory to come up with the reports and publications on the reforms in criminal justice. The media outlet uses lengthy explanations coupled with several images to pass the message. It targets an international audience. According to Michael (2016), the proposed reforms would impact the media of Australia positively.

  1. Temporary foster children care

The article uses ordinary language to pass the message and one large image. The words in the text exceed five hundred so as to expound on the vast topic. The article deals with how the government of Australia imposes limits on Aboriginal parents who depend on foster children or adopted ones. According to Grant Laura (2016), the government needs to take into consideration the demands of the Aboriginal people regarding the issue of foster children. The article uses a two images and short explanations. The writer of the news section uses Marxism approach.

  1. Bishop on Terror meetings

The article addresses terrorism as a threat to the aboriginals in Australia’s native population because of intercultural interactions. However, the indigenous leaders work hand in hand with the international community to arrest the situation. The media personality utilizes graphic content while giving user discretion on the same. However, images are used sparingly while the content flows. According to APP (2016), Julie Bishop, as the foreign minister works hard to offer counter-terrorism help to other countries as a gesture from the aboriginals.

  1. Private Law

The article deals, in-depth, with the challenges that face private law in Australia. However, the author uses clear explanation while applying functionalist theory with some pluralism. The law is ordinary because of targeting an international audience. One could quickly read through the text while noting serious matters concerning private law and how criminal justice process handles it in Australia. According to Burrows (2016), application of fundamental law should be uniform in all laws regardless of nature.

  1. Suicide among Aboriginal children

The news personality deals with a case of death that had stricken Aboriginal community. According to James (2016), the death should leave Australians worried about the system and lifestyle of the natives. The media personality employs the use of one image of the topography of some part of Looma. Simple language is also used. The article is enlightening while displaying the use of pluralism theory of crime together with some aspects of postmodernism theory.

  1. Prison life in Australia

The article deals with how the prison wardens treat the prisoners both in maximum and minimum prisons among the aboriginals in Australia. The welfare of the prisoners is very vital in this article. According to Butler (2016), human right groups and activists postulate that people should not violate the rights of the prisoners. The media outlets make use of large images and lengthy explanations to display the messages in portraying prison life in Australia’s courts. The article employs functionalism theory. The report targets international audience since it advocates for the rights of prisoners around the world.

  1. Challenge of Drug Driving laws

The news article deals with crimes that individuals deemed to be under alcohol influence, commit among aboriginals in Australia such as drug driving. According to Sarah (2016), an Aboriginal man in NSW managed to challenge the court on the drug driving regulations. Surprisingly, he won the case. The media article employs pluralism theory. The authors make use of several images and short explanations to pass the messages. The target population is the international community since alcoholism is an international issue.

  1. Drug abuse among the Aboriginals

The article focuses on drug abuse while highlighting that the drug policies in New South Wales are not working well as anticipated. According to Jo (2016), many Aboriginal people have lost their lives due to ecstasy-related causes. However, the article uses one image while accompanying it with a long explanation. Also, it is appropriate for the audience from any part of the world. The authors apply the developmental theory of crime.

  1. Marriage of same sex

The article uses a graphic language where it targets an international audience about the rising cases of sexual orientation among the aboriginals. People are preferring to marry partners of the same sex. According to Terry (2016), this seems to increase every single day. It also uses Marxism approach. The media outlet does not use an image but approaches it with a long explanation.

Findings and Interpretation

After analyzing the content of all the thirty-five articles, I found out that the media outlets apply various theories of crime in a manner that they would pass clear information to the readers. However, regardless of the diverse issues in domestic matters, most of them use ordinary language to cater for the diversity of its audience. Also, I have found out that, the electronic media majorly target international audience as compared to daily publications or magazines which are limited to a small area. The use of images is not a must for various reporting based on natural and aboriginal matters.


Media reporting on domestic affairs is usually in different styles. However, many people read internet articles that media houses produce. Traversing various media articles gave a way forward to appreciating the continuous efforts put forward by news personnel. However, the report was based on content analysis of thirty-five articles from various media outlets addressing domestic matters in criminal justice.


AAP, (2016). Bishop to attend terror, poverty meetings. SBS News

Act, C. (2016). The authors of the following manuscript would like to draw the reader’s attention to an error in the article: de Costa C, Douglas H, Hamblin J, Ramsay P, and Shircore M. Abortion law across Australia–A review of nine jurisdictions. Aust NZJ Obstet Gynaecol 2015; 55: 105–111. In this article, Table 1 should be replaced as shown below. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology56, 118-120

Andrea, B. (2016). Help sexual perpetrators to break the cycle in Aboriginal communities: health experts. NITV News

Andrea, B. (2016). NSW government’s prison-performance targets ‘a bit of carrot cake’: Aboriginal Legal Service. NITV News

Andrea, B., (2016). Honouring survivors and thrivers on January 26. NITV

Andrea, B., (2016). Dana Clarke named inaugural NSW Aboriginal Woman of the year. NITV News

Butler, M. (2016). Prisoners and prison life. Routledge Handbook of Irish Criminology,

Burrows, A. (2016). Challenges for Private Law in the 21st Century. Available at SSRN 2710270.

Chris, H., (2016). Living Out Loud. ABC News

Ella, A., & Craig, Q. (2016)Julieka Dhu’s mother: ‘I watched my baby die’. NITV News

Eleanor, H., (2016). Killer of an innocent teen sentenced to life in prison. ABC News

Eleanor, H. (2016). Calls for national Indigenous mental health body to be established after the death of 10 year old Aboriginal girl. ABC News

Ethan, B. (2016). Seeing Miss Dhu: Time to Turn a Light on Aboriginal Deaths in Custody. ABC News

Gavin, C., & Kia, H. Lifeline calls for specialist hotline to address high Indigenous suicide rates. ABC News

James, F., (2016). The suicide of a child in remote Looma should make us angry, not judgmental. Drum News

John, S. (2016). The man who spent 42 years in jail as one of Australia’s longest serving prisoners. ABC News

Jo, H., (2016). We need a drug summit because we’re losing the war. ABC News

Josephine, C., (2016) I’m not hyped and I don’t need to calm down. NITV News

Keen, C. (2016). Online Risk Management and Crime Prevention Strategies in Australia. In Third ISA Forum of Sociology (10-14, 2016). Isaconf.

Kerry, M., & Lisa, W., Who is the victim? It’s not black and white. NITV News

Laura, G., (2016). WA Government plans to impose time limits on temporary care for foster children. ABC News

Maddee, C., (2016). Decolonizing the Queer movement in Australia: we need solidarity, not pink-washing. NITV News

Mark, C., (2016). Royal commission hears prosecutor told survivor didn’t have time or money to pursue case. ABC News

Michael, B. (2016). Push to ease Kimberley grog restrictions. ABC News

Michael, B., (2016). The gathering storm of the ideology wars. ABC News

Michael, B., (2016). Proposed reforms for Australian media market appear imminent. ABC News

Miranda, S., (2016). Why we need a women’s budget statement. The Drum

Natasha, R. (2016).
Closing the Gap ‘doomed to fail’ without more Indigenous input. ABC News

Natasha, R., (2016). Parramatta Girls abuse victims told by NSW Government to repay past compensation payments. ABC News

Ngurra, (2016). Jills Millstream. SBS News

Our Footprint, (2016). Lake Entrance Documentary. SBS News

Stan, G., (2016).What next for the PM? Indigenous leaders await action after emotive interview. NITV News

Rachale, H., (2016). Call for state-wide inquiry as inquest into 2012 Broome death stalls. NITV News

Sarah, M., (2016). How one man challenged NSW’s drug driving laws and won. ABC News

Terry, B., (2016). Same-sex marriage: Let’s get it sorted and move on. ABC News