MEASURES THAT COULD HAVE MITIGATED THE 9/11 ATTACK IMPACT Essay Example
Measures That Could Have Mitigated The September 11 Attack Impact
Terrorists are people who attack individuals and assets of target countries with a goal of achieving some political milestones. Terrorists attacked US on 9/11/2001 resulting in the death of over 3000 people. If the state has adequately prepared for terrorist infiltrations, it could have significantly reduced the impact of the attack.
Improving passenger screening is one strategy that could have prevented the attack or mitigated its impact. This strategy according to DHS identifies high-risk travelers through requiring airlines flying passengers to the US to transmit advance passenger information together with Passenger Record Number (PNR) data before departing. Availability of such data could have enabled the government to prevent one or both airplanes from flying into the US territory.
Defeating terrorist groups of global reach through directly or indirectly using diplomatic ties and information, intelligence leaks and also other instruments of power is another option the country could have exploited. If the US had close working relations with countries where the terrorists originated, it could have gathered relevant information to combat the threat. With that information, it could be possible to arrest the masterminds before they could hit America.
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (2014) notes that every state should protect its critical infrastructure through putting surveillance teams on the watch against terrorist attacks. The Twins Towers and the Pentagon were critical infrastructures that America needed to safeguard from the construction phase. Therefore, the state should have passed laws requiring critical infrastructure be constructed using fire proof material, a factor that could have prevented the building from burning after the impact.
Countering terrorism is a joint effort of various arms of the government working together to share intelligence and means of countering the attacks. When the exercise is properly coordinated, it will minimize terror attack impacts.
Central Intelligence Agency. 2003. National Strategy for Combating Terrorism. Central
Intelligence Agency, 15-18.
Department of Homeland Security. Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security. Retrieved on
September 8, 2016, from https://www.dhs.gov/preventing-terrorism-and-enhancing-security.
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. 2014. Preventing Terrorism and
Countering Violent Extremism and Radicalization that Lead to Terrorism: A Community-Policing Approach. Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, 31-33.
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