MANAGEMENT PRACTICE AND THEORY 1 Essay Example

  • Category:
    Management
  • Document type:
    Essay
  • Level:
    Masters
  • Page:
    2
  • Words:
    1301

Management Practice and theory

Effectiveness is the ability to produce the expected results or to exceed them. A situation is said to be effective if at all it satisfies the expected output as stated by Kotter (2008). In the education system, effectiveness is measured by factors such as performance, development and infrastructure, leadership, how marketable the students are after completion of a particular course and the impact the school has on the surrounding community.

Melbourne University was established in 1853 placing it among the richest history of the city of Melbourne. The university prides itself among the top rated universities in the world based on performance and research. The university attracts the best teaching staff as well as the brightest students from all over the world all majoring in different fields as shown by Scott (1936).

The Melbourne University is made of various faculties and graduate schools such as the law, engineering, medicine, education, art and business. Additionally, the university has various affiliates and associates ranging from business, medicine and who all contribute to the success of the university. For instance, the university is affiliated with the Cancer Council of Victoria as indicated by Hodge, Patterson, Brown, Ireland and Giles (2000) which works hand in hand with the university towards reduction of the impact of cancer on the people of Victoria.

Sydney University was founded in the year 1850 which was three years earlier than Melbourne University as indicated by Barff (1902). In my opinion, Melbourne University is more effective as compared to Sydney University in so many ways. In this paper, I will concentrate on discussing some criteria to proof that Melbourne University is more effective. Additionally, I will also discuss some criteria likely to be used by some stakeholders of Melbourne to determine the said effectiveness.

The first criterion I will employ is based on structure development. For instance, the Sydney University is notoriously known to resist change and development. The trend is noticeable with the current vice chancellor Michael Spence who has had a hard time trying to implement development and changes within the university. However, the changes have been openly challenged and resisted by the staff as indicated by Dutton and Jeffreys (2010). In contrast, Melbourne University has seen an overhaul of changes and development which have ensured that the university manages to remain competitive.

Secondly, Macmillan (1968) states that, Melbourne mainly concentrates on solving biomedical problems affecting the society. For instance, the students of Melbourne came up with the cochlea invention. Additionally, the university graduates have received several Nobel prizes. Sydney University on the other hand, majors in arts which have in a way limited the type of research they conduct as well as the impact they create in the community.

Thirdly, Melbourne University is situated in a city that enjoys both warm and cold weather at different times of the year. I personally love appreciating diverse cultures and Melbourne is a city that is filled with museums and other artistic monuments. I also enjoy sports and hence Melbourne University enjoys being in a city where most sporting activities are hosted (Collins and Collins, 2001). Additionally, there are various career opportunities for Melbourne University students in the city because there are many companies and the cost of living is relatively affordable for most students as compared to those who live in the city of Sydney.

There are more students in the University of Sydney as compared to the University of Melbourne. The higher the number of students in an institution implies that students and staff compete for the available resources. Additionally, the number of staff at the Melbourne University is higher than that at Sydney which has more students. Hence, the students at Melbourne are able to interact with their tutors as well as enjoy various facilities without straining.

Consequently, Melbourne University has some stakeholders who all view effectiveness differently. Stakeholders are those entities in the environment of an organization and whose relationship is affected by the activities of the said organization as stated by Freeman, Wicks and Parmar (2004).

The society of Melbourne is affected by the activities of the university. The society surrounding Melbourne University may use the criterion of positive impacts the university has on them to determine effectiveness. For instance, medical innovations such as the cochlea have helped many people with hearing deformities in the society. Additionally, the presence of students in Melbourne city has ensured proper flow of business because they act as the main buyers in the shops, hotels and markets. The hostels outside the school are owned by individuals who earn income by the number of students who rent them. As earlier noted, Melbourne is a city full of diverse cultures and artistic museums. Most of the students who study at the university are from different cities all over the world and as such, act as tourists. There are also many corporations in the city of Melbourne that benefit from the students’ literacy because they get to employ them at various levels of the companies. As such, the University of Melbourne increases the number of skilled labor in the society as shown by Yigitcanlar, O’Connor and Westerman (2008). It is therefore undeniably true that the University of Melbourne is effective to the surrounding society.

The other stakeholder that determines the effectiveness of Melbourne University is employees. One of the criterions that employees may use to determine effectiveness is work environment. Every employee in any organization dreams of having a work environment that supports their activities without unnecessary pressure from the bosses. Melbourne University provides the best environment for any employee because there are employees from diverse backgrounds who are all treated equally showing inclusion. Additionally, the university has many employees which enable them to network as they interact and in the process they are able to form strong friendships.

Another criterion that employees may use to determine the effectiveness of the university is their compensation. Other than the fact that employees are provided with good work environment, employees are also paid well. Most employees tend to achieve job satisfaction if they are compensated adequately for their efforts as depicted by Mottaz (1985). Good pay also acts as a motivation for most employees.

In conclusion, therefore, the University of Melbourne is more effective as compared to the University of Sydney. The essay discusses various criteria in establishment of effectiveness such as performance, cost of living as well as ratings. Additionally, the paper explored the criteria likely to be used by stakeholders such as employees and the society to determine the effectiveness of Melbourne University.

References

Freeman, R. E., Wicks, A. C., & Parmar, B. 2004. Stakeholder theory and “the corporate objective revisited”. Organization science, 15(3), 364-369.

Kotter, J. P. 2008. Corporate culture and performance. Simon and Schuster.

Barff, H. E. 1902. A short historical account of the University of Sydney. Angus & Robertson.

Scott, E. 1936. A History of the University of Melbourne. Melbourne University Press.

Macmillan, D. S. 1968. The Australian Universities: A Descriptive Sketch. Taylor & Francis.

Hodge, A., Patterson, A. J., Brown, W. J., Ireland, P., & Giles, G. 2000. The Anti Cancer Council of Victoria FFQ: relative validity of nutrient intakes compared with weighed food records in young to middle‐aged women in a study of iron supplementation. Australian and New Zealand journal of public health, 24(6), 576-583.

Yigitcanlar, T., O’connor, K., & Westerman, C. 2008. The making of knowledge cities: Melbourne’s knowledge-based urban development experience. Cities, 25(2), 63-72.

Collins, J., & Collins, J. 2001. Cosmopolitan Melbourne: Explore the world in one city. Big Box Publishing.

Dutton, W. H., & Jeffreys, P. W. (Eds.). 2010. World wide research: Reshaping the sciences and humanities. MIT Press.

Mottaz, C. J. 1985. The relative importance of intrinsic and extrinsic rewards as determinants of work satisfaction. The Sociological Quarterly, 26(3), 365-385.