Main regions of Palestine Essay Example

Main regions of Palestine


Palestine in the first century was popularly known as the land of philistines and mostly inhabited by the Philistines. Situated at a strategic location between Egypt, Syria and Arabia, the earliest historic works that denotes Palestine’s popularity were those of meteologist writings of Aristotle. The major areas that the Palestine used to refer to are the coastal regions and afterwards the whole area to the west of the Jordan River and later extended to by the Roman authorities in the second century AD towards the Judea province1. During this period, the entire region that was referred to as palestina was subdivided into provinces and included Syria, Samaria and then Galilee. The region was one of those earliest in the world to achieve civilization through human habitation by agricultural communities.

The cities and relative locations

It was during the Bronze period that the independent Canaanite city-states were established, and they were therefore influenced by the surrounding civilizations of Ancient Egypt, the great Mesopotamia, the Phoenicia, Crete and Syria. Due to numerous involvements in wars of conquest the region exchanged hands regularly. The region became Islamic during the Muslim conquest of 636 AD. Some of the major cities that dominated the region were: Tyre which was a major Phoenician seaport but much of it was later subject to Assyria,
the town was built in ancient times on a small rocky island just near the coast.

Main regions of Palestine

1Kohli, martin, Biography: account text method in biography and society: the life history approach of social sciences, 1981.

There was also Sidon which was said to stand for «fishing». It was a naval power, the third of the great Phoenician city-state, and it was conquered by the Crusaders after a famous siege that lasted for 47 days.

Beirut was another city built on the largest rocky promontory of the coast; it had deep harbors and was centrally located. It was until later that it was made the capital of the modern nation. Its earliest name was «Birot», a Semitic word meaning «well», or «source». Byblos being one of the oldest towns in the world is recognized as one of the richest archaeological areas in the Middle East and was brought about by rise and fall of two dozen successive levels of human culture2.
Tripoli was some of 85 km on the northern part of Beirut, the second largest city in Lebanon. Its name means «triple city» as it was the centre of a confederation with Sidon and Tyre and Arados Island.

The major ethic group

The major inhabitants of this region at this time were mostly based on religious orientations. There existed several groups like the Pharisees, Sadducees, Samaritans and Essenes and zealots.

Samaritans — these were the main occupants who inhabited mostly the territory of Samaria, the upper part of Judea and south of the Galilee.  They were a group of staunch worshipers of the God of Israel, who were detested even more than pagans.

Sadducees – at the messiah timesthese were a religious and political group within Judah. Most of the priests and rulers came from this group aristocracy and their dependents and supporters.

Main regions of Palestine 1

2Clifford James, Introduction: partial truths. Writing culture: the poetic and political ethnology 1986.

Pharisees were a religious and political party that reigned in Judaism in the New Testament period which was less influential than the Sadducees. Like the Sadducees they were extremely hostile to Jesus.

The notion of the kingdom of God appeared much in the first century around the Palestinian kingdom. Although it seems to bear different interpretations with different cultures and ethnic groups. Some interpretations are: Greek scholars during the current third history of Jesus have translated the phrase as «God’s imperial rule», to better grasp its sense in today’s language.

The main concept of Jesus teaching was the kingdom of God which was mainly summarized by the «Love’s Rule» since the Kingdom of God is where the God who is Love rules. Even with the debate over the translation of the term, modern scholars see the concept of the kingdom of God as the main message of Jesus.

The kingdom was previously promised to King David because he was a man after God’s own heart. When speaking to Moses on Mount Sinai, God tells Moses that the Israelites «will be for me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.» The priest as king is mentioned in early Judaic writings. Various Christian groups have a different view of the kingdom of God. The Islam too has their own interpretation as depicted in the Quran.

History of Jerusalem temple dates back in 1760 BCE with Abraham’s three days journey to Mt Moriah (the site of the temple) where he offered sacrifice of his only son to God but God provided a substitute. On the year 2360 BCE Joshua launched a foray into Jerusalem by setting up an Ark at Shiloh. On 2730 BCE David conquered Jebosite the stronghold of Zion where the first temple is erected at Mt Moriah. Solomon enlarged the city and built the loyal palace using local limestone cedar lots of gold and silver. It was attached by pharaoh who took much of the gold. Josiah repairs the Temple and brings about national religious reforms in the year 3120 BCE. The Temple destroyed a second time and sacred vessels carried off to Babylon by Belshazzar who laid a siege to Jerusalem, burning the city, murdering inhabitants, and carrying a remnant into captivity. At the time of Herod the Great crowned king, 40 BCE, Jesus presented at the temple and dedicated to God by his parents, doves offered in sacrifice. James, apostle of Jesus and leader of the Church in Jerusalem, martyred for being thrown from the pinnacle of the Temple Mount in 100 AD.

It was where the Jewish traditional morning service. In addition, the Amidah prayer traditionally replaces the Temple’s daily Tamid and special-occasion offerings for the different types of sacrifices.


1Kohli, martin. 1981. Biography: account text method in biography and society: the life history

approach of social sciences, Daniel Bertaux (eds) thousand Oaks, A: Sage.

2Clifford James, 1986. Introduction to partial truths. Writing culture: the poetic and political

ethnology, James Clifford and George e. Marcus (eds). Berkeley: University of

California press.