Deforestation OF The Amazon Rainforest Essay Example

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1Deforestation OF The Amazon Rainforest

DEFORESTATION OF THE AMAZON RAINFOREST

Location

Deforestation of the Amazon rainforest

Deforestation is cutting down of trees or clearing the forested areas in order to create space for settlement. The deforestation rates in the United States of America the Amazon area has been on a greater rise in the past decades. The deforestation of the Amazon rainforest accelerated critically between the year 1991 and 2004, hitting an annual forest loss rate approximately 27,423km in 2004. (Mueller et al.2016) Despite the efforts by the US government to keep natural Amazon rainforests, the forest cover has entirely continued to dwindle. With the Amazon rainforest representing over a half of the planets include directive and advanced strategies have hit the wall in eradicating the menace. This section comprises the largest and most diverse tract of the tropical rainforest in the world (Meyer et al 2016).

Brazil owns 60% of the forest being the majority with Peru and Colombia at 13% and 10% respectively. The cattle sector of the Brazilian Amazon has contributed a great deal in the encroachment of the natural rainforest with a significant percentage of about 80% of all the deforestation issues in the region. This also amounts to about 10% of the annual world deforestation rates making the world a one single driver of deforestation. The significant portion of land in the Amazon has been converted into cattle ranches with small scale farmers also stepping in to make the land for ranching(Maeda et al 2016).

As per the reviewed Articles on deforestation of the Amazon rainforest can be attributed to a number of factors at local, national and the international levels. This zone is seen as a source of cattle pasture, valuable hardwoods, housing space and farming space. The deforested land Is mostly used for pasture. Also this has been as a result of farmers clearing the bushes to establish subsistence farming or for the mechanized cropland. Scientific research has shown that the clearing of land for farmland had become a significant force in the Amazon deforestation. The continued deforestation of the Amazon area has led to the climatic change which in turn has affected the lifestyle of inhabitants of the neighboring and the world climatic change as a whole. This is because when this issue peaks, like in 2005 the prices of some commodities such as soybeans shot spontaneously which suggests that deforestation of the Amazon rainforest can cause the fall or rise prices, the prices of the beef and timber can have an impact on the future land use in the region.

The Article postulates that until 2006, the primary driver to the forest loss was the cultivation of soy, mainly for export and the production of biodiesel and animal feed. Due to the rise in soy prices the farmers were forced to move northwards into the forested areas of the Amazon. However, a private sector agreement called the soy moratorium helped drastically to reduce the deforestation linked to crop production in the area. In 2006, a number of critical commodity trading companies agreed to not purchase soybeans produced in the Brazilian Amazon on recently a deforested area which was an effort geared towards eradicating the land encroachment. But perhaps most important of all is that both the stakeholders to this menace i.e. the environmentalist and even citizens should not give this issue a cold shoulder because it determines the kind of life and pleasure of their lifetime. it should be central focus to put in place the relevant programs in ensuring that the natural Amazon rainforest is highly protected and guarded against the encroachment the farmers who seem to only possess selfish interests (Langevin, 2016).

In the Article, the government should change its mindset and seep into the culture of protecting the Amazon rainforest(Nghiem et al.2016). Freeing this land from encroachment and settlement is imperative and should not be overlooked. The people should buy a sense of solidarity and pull together to ensure that intents by selfish farmers do not carry away the pride of the whole nation and the world as a whole. Since all the citizens have a right to good life and favorable climatic conditions its critical to ensure that the rainforest is guarded and all the settlers moved in order to restore the beauty of this forest. These efforts by all stakeholders might ease the anxiety and challenges that come along the drastic climatic change. The continued effort to reduce this forest of deforestation should be followed by the political will and land reforms in order to restore the beauty of the rainforest that covers the largest part of the world’s forest cover. The land reforms should be politically possible to so as to derange any possessor and give back the land to the woods conversations agencies in order to start programs like afforestation that will finally realize greener land cover. The government should a shoulder to the era of colonization and make it its principal responsibility to keep and conserve the natural forests.

In the news media Article ,though all the citizens have the right of habitation, the situation of the enclosure movements should repeat itself whereby the rich and wealthy nobles fenced common lands for their selfish interest and forced the displacement of the country most of the population. The displaced population was compelled to settle into Amazon forest area clearing the land for settlement. The wealthy merchants privatized acres of land for their own use and this land grabbing impacted critically to the Amazon rainforest deforestation (Costa, 2016)

The continued to counter land grabbing such as the charter of forest ensured the grabbers gave back the land to the commoners so as to resettle and move away from the forest areas. This effort has highly helped in the conversation of the natural forests worldwide the Amazon rainforest included. The US and the concerned governments such as Colombia and Peru should give this issue of deforestation a priority as it directly impacts on the country’s economic situations (Rajao et al 2016)

In brief this article aims to looks at the patterns of deforestation in the Amazon rainforest and the continued efforts by the concern parts to root out the vice of deforestation. This arguably has the drastic and impetuous climatic change that has harshly hit the world as a whole, which means that efforts to restore the beauty of the Amazon forest should be left to one single party but should be a central goal for all the world countries.

References

Mueller, R.C., Rodrigues, J.L., Nüsslein, K. and Bohannan, B.J., 2016. Land use change in the Amazon rainforest favors generalist fungi. Functional Ecology.

Meyer, K.M., Klein, A.M., Rodrigues, J.L., Nüsslein, K., Tringe, S.G., Mirza, B.S., Tiedje, J.M. and Bohannan, B.J., 2017. Conversion of Amazon rainforest to agriculture alters community traits of methane‐cycling organisms. Molecular Ecology, 26(6), pp.1547-1556.

Maeda, E.E., Moura, Y.M., Wagner, F., Hilker, T., Lyapustin, A.I., Wang, Y., Chave, J., Mõttus, M., Aragão, L.E. and Shimabukuro, Y., 2016. Consistency of vegetation index seasonality across the Amazon rainforest. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 52, pp.42-53.

Langevin, M.S., 2016. Guardians of the Brazilian Amazon Rainforest: Environmental organizations and development, by Luiz C. Barbosa, Abingdon, Oxon, and New York, Routledge, 2015, 248 pp., 28 B/W Illustrations, US $145.00 (hardcover), ISBN 9781138825826.

Rajão, R., Moutinho, P. and Soares, L., 2017. The Rights and Wrongs of Brazil’s Forest Monitoring Systems. Conservation Letters.

Nghiem, L.T., Papworth, S.K., Lim, F.K. and Carrasco, L.R., 2016. Analysis of the capacity of Google Trends to measure interest in conservation topics and the role of online news. PloS one, 11(3), p.e0152802.

Costa, L.M., 2016. The Brazilian Press and the environmental issues at the beginning of the XXI century: the amazon deforestation in journalistic discourse. Revista General de Información y Documentación, 26(2), pp.697-712.