Links between Camels and Vegetations Essay Example
Through health of geography, human beings get to understand how to relate to the environment. This study looks to identify and quantify spatial patterns regarding the distribution of MERS-CoV. Additionally, it looks at the vegetation land covers and the spread of MERS-CoV. The final objective is looking at the relationship that exists between time and space in disease mapping and the most useful tools to measure the relationship. The sample of the study will be 900 patient’s secondary data that is obtained from a population of the ministry of health in Saudi Arabia between 2015 through to 2016. The data is to be analyzed through descriptive analysis methods. From the analysis, the findings are expected to find a relationship between the spread of MERS-CoV and the presence of vegetation. Consequently, the spread of MERS-CoV is likely to increase if the camel’s movement is not controlled.
Key Words: Saudi Arabia, MERS-CoV, camels, vegetation, NDVI
Links between Camels and Vegetations
The term vegetation is used to refer to natural pastures, which include grass found in the humid zones, shrubs, tundra, and herbaceous plants that are found in the highest regions. The Middle East only has related desert vegetation such as shrubs, and prickly thorns (Ksiksi et al., 2007). The most common animal in these areas is the Camel, which is mostly referred to as the ship of the desert. Dromedaries as well as bacteria camels are known to be feeding on natural vegetations, which are comprised of grass and spiny plants such as cactus, acacia among many others. Consequently, Camel does not compete with other species such as cattle, sheep, or goats on their food. Besides the grass and spiny plants, Camels are known to be relying on vegetations that are rich in salt that cannot be eaten by other animals. They have an advantage over other animals because of their leathery mouth that allows them to eat nearly every type of vegetations that range from huge thorns, dry plants, and saltbushes that are always avoided by other animals. Consequently, camels, can be considered as browsers mostly depend on vegetations that are about 3.5 meters in height (Khalid, n.d.). It is from shrubs and grasses that camels get water and therefore they can go for a long time without drinking water.
The fact that camels depend mostly on vegetations make them very susceptible to various diseases that can be easily transmitted through consumption of vegetations that have such diseases. A disease such as MERS-CoV, which is very common in the Middle East, is known as the camel related virus. Human beings can have the diseases transmitted to them when one drinks raw camel urine or unpasteurized milk (Khalid, n.d.) The concentration of vegetation is one of the ways through which MERS-CoV can be spread to camels. The main reason as to why MERS-CoV is not manifested in other animals include is because the camel is known to feed on vegetations that are not eaten by animals such as sheep, goat and other species.
Based on the number of death reports in the Middle East due to MERS-CoV, the concern has been to find out the relationship between the spatial patterns and the extent to which MERS-CoV spreads. The best way to understand the possible reason behind the increased transmission of MERS-CoV, the geography of Saudi Arabia has to be researched with the aim of identifying data on the land cover as well as the vegetations with the goal of curbing the prevalence of MERS-CoV. The disease is zoonotic that is transmitted to human and camels, and the virus that is being spread is referred to as coronavirus. The disease is popularly transmitted through the contact with camels and very endemic in the dromedary camel populations. Some of the ways through which the virus is transmitted to a human being through the consumption of raw camel urine, unpasteurized milk, and raw meat. Camel is equally known to feed on vegetation such as shrubs and thorny vegetation that are mostly not consumed by other species, which is believed to be the main reasons as to why it is only camels that are affected by the coronavirus virus. The study sort to find out whether there are spatial patterns regarding the distribution of MERS-CoV. It equally uses the land cover as well as land scan data in detecting the likelihood of the spread of MERS-CoV, which is essential in getting where camels live. In the effort to find out a relationship that exists between space and time in the mapping of diseases and the most practical tools needed to measure the relationship. Based on the literature of the previous studies and the descriptive analysis, there is a relationship between vegetation and the spread of MERS-CoV. Consequently, the spread of the disease will continue if the movement of the camel is not controlled.
Khalid, W. (n.d.). What Do Camels Eat in the Desert — Camel Diet. Animals Time. Retrieved 4 May 2017, from http://animalstime.com/what-do-camels-eat-in-the-desert/
Ksiksi, T., El-Keblawy, A., Al-Ansari, F., & Elhadramy, G. (2007). Desert ecosystems vegetation and potential uses as feed sources for camels and wildlife. In Proceeding of the 8th Annual Conference for Research Funded by UAE University, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates (pp. 71-81).
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