LAW OF THE SEA AND ENVIRONMENT Essay Example

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3LAW OF THE SEA AND ENVIRONMENT

LAW OF THE SEA AND ENVIRONMENT

Law of the sea and environment

Introduction

With the objective of helping the contrasting issues on the law of the sea and the environment, AIDA has been working with the policymakers, negotiators, government officials, and the members of the international institutions of the financial matters of the climate change and civil society organizations. This is to help them in their support so as to make it more effective concerning the climate negotiations. It is also on educating them about the options that are available in their bid to improve the international law, and also to encourage them in the creation In the Peruvian congress on the climate change that was an international forum saw participation of different stakeholders. For example, Peru is considering to create a bill on climate change. The need for the institutions of the Latin America to improve their ability of accessing funds that are for adaptation and mitigation of climate change projects and solutions (James, 2007, p. 258). They also are needed to press the governments so as to take immediate action.

Law of the sea and environment

Theconvention by theUnited Nations concerning the law of the sea and environment lays down a regime of law and order that is comprehensive in the world’s seas and oceans. It establishes rules that govern the uses of the seas and the environment and their resources. The international law on the seas and environment enshrine the notion that all the problems of the sea and the environment space are interrelated closely and, therefore, need to be addressed as a whole. At the time of the adoption this convention, it embodied traditional rules for the uses of seas and environment in one instrument. The convention also introduced new legal regimes and concepts and addressed new concerns. In addition, the convention also provided a framework for developing further the specific areas of the sea and environment law. The full text of the convention comprises of three hundred and twenty articles and nine annexes that govern all the sea space such as environmental control, delamination, and scientific research in the marine. It also includes commercial and economic activities, the transfer of technology and settlement of the disputes that relate to sea matters (Claudia, 2014, p. 15).

The European Union and the developing countries which are most vulnerable to climate change, agreement was in 2011 reached in the conference on climate change held in Durban. This was to launch UN negotiations concerning new global regime on climate to cover all the stakeholders. The European Union wants a new regime that will take the form of legally binding and ambitious protocol. The developed countries should continue taking the lead, but the emerging economies that are major in the developing world will also need to reduce the emissions they have. This is important in the protection of the environment and help in the fight for climate change (James, 2007, p. 265).

In the Durban climate change talks, the United Nations threw its weight by supporting the proposal of the European Union for the roadmap towards an agreement on the global climate change. All the stakeholders’ eyes are now China on this issues. China is a major emerging economy and now the world’s biggest carbon dioxide emitter and is yet to back the proposal. The other significant countries that are developing such as South Africa and Brazil who are also stakeholders are willing to discuss the new global program on the climate change.

Conclusion

In conclusion, as seen earlier in the paper as the law of the sea and the environment outlines the proposal of the European Union on the creation of a new global program on the climate change so as to ensure that there is protection of the environment. All the stakeholders are obliged to cooperate with other states in the adoption of measures that aim to conserve and manage the living resources according to the law of sea and environment.

Bibliography

Claudia, C. (2014). Changes in the arctic environment and law of the sea. Review of European Comparative & International Environmental Law 23(1): 15-15.

James, K. (2007). The law of the sea convention and the Northwest passage. International Journal of Marine & coastal Law 22(2): 257-282.