Junzi/ Exemplary Person

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Junzi/ Exemplary Person 3

Junzi/ Exemplary Person

Characteristics of Junzi

Based on Confucian philosophy a Junzi is the model of an ideal person in Chinese and when translated into English it means a gentleman, exemplary man, a superior man or a cultivated man. Based on Zhu Xi Junzi is the second only to sage. The Junzi has a number of characteristics one of such is that unlike the petty person also referred to as the Xiaoren who tends to fail to transcend the personal concerns as well as prejudices and act only to their own gain the Junzi is very cultured and based on this he knows when to speak and act appropriately in any given situation (Ames & Rosemont, 2010). Exemplary people tend to make their way on the world and are not net or against anything as a matter of fact they always go with what seems to be appropriate. Thus, the Junzi rises above his personal concerns and it concerned about the others and mainly acts for the benefit of all and always does what is appropriate irrespective of the repercussions. This means that the Junzi acts as a good exemplar and his virtuous influence leads to a flourishing human community since when others emulate him the community will be a good place to live in since people will always do what is appropriate and right and they will not fear judgment from others. When people act based on what they will gain they attain resentment.

Another characteristic of Junzi is that they have Filial and fraternal responsibility and thus they are unlikely to develop or have a rebellious attitude towards the authority (Ames & Rosemont, 2010). Thus, the Junzi tends to concentrate a great amount of their efforts in the root and when they have already established themselves and taken hold they will grow from there. Therefore, the Filial and fraternal responsibility is the root of authoritative conduct. This means they care for their families and moves upwards to caring for others in the community.

Junzi also tend to be people who believe in actions but at the same time they are cautious in what they say. Thus the Junzi can be said to do more and speak less. In this regard they always strive to repair those who know the way and always seeks means of improving others in their way, thus Junzi can be said to have a love of learning. Prior to speaking the Junzi always accomplishes what they are going to say and it is only then that they say it. Junzi’s also tends to associate openly with others and this means that they are not partisans; this means they act contrary to the partisan who are known of not associating openly with the others (Ames & Rosemont, 2010). In regard to the ,model of good life people‘s capabilities and strengths ought to be built and as a result people are likely to come up and make use and do what is appropriate at all times and based on the situation at hand. This will mean that they will be thinking about others and how their actions are likely to affect them and thus instead of focusing on personal gains they will focus on the general gain of others and the community at a large.


Ames, R. & Rosemont, H. (2010). The Analects of Confucius: A Philosophical Translation. New York: Random Housing Publishing Group.