International tourism and hotel management Essay Example
Article Synopsis and Analysis
Article Synopsis and Analysis
1. Synopsis of the Article
This paper analyses the article “Impacts of urban consolidation on urban liveability: Comparing an inner and outer suburb in Brisbane, Australia” written by Rod McCrea and Peter Walters. The objective of this article is to establish how liveability is impacted by urban consolidation. The article achieves the objective by analysing similarities and differences, in relation to the impacts of urban consolidation, between Wynnum, an outer fringe suburb, and West End, an inner city suburb in Brisbane, Australia (McCrea & Walters, 2012, p. 190).
The major concepts outlined in the article through literature review include the urban consolidation policy and urban liveability. The urban consolidation policy refers to the way developed urban regions are organised, which includes increasing housing density in these areas by using the available amenities and infrastructure while limiting urban sprawls (McCrea & Walters, 2012, p. 190). Urban liveability refers to the general quality of the life experienced in urban areas that are well established (McCrea & Walters, 2012, p. 192).
There are three main findings from the article; firstly, urban consolidation policies such as employment decentralisation can encourage urban consolidation, especially in less crowded suburbs, by increasing local amenities, services, and job opportunities (McCrea & Walters, 2012, p. 198). Secondly, the local lifestyle of urban residents should be considered for the successful implementation of urban consolidation and liveability enhancement (McCrea & Walters, 2012, p. 203).
2. Application of the Findings from the Article
There are several ways in which the findings in the article can be used to improve the environment and community liveability in urban areas. Firstly, the urban consolidation policies, such as employment decentralisation and transit –oriented development, might lead to a proper utilisation of the existing urban resources. For example, urban authorities may decide to allocate specific areas in the urban cities for settling the population and leaving other areas for development of industries, which can create employment for urban residents. This can enable the authorities to increase the population density within the allocated areas, consequently keeping other areas free from human destruction (Walker, 2010, p. 77). By increasing development and population density within the existing regions, these policies can help to reduce the human impact on the environment, resulting into environmental conservation and improvement within the urban areas (McManus, 2005, p. 49).
Secondly, liveability principles such as the enhancement of economic competitiveness, promotion of equitable and affordable housing units, and supporting the existing communities, can help to improve the environment and enhance liveability in urban areas. For example, urban authorities can create economic competitiveness in cities by developing more industries, increasing the number of schools and employing strategies geared toward boosting the economy of these areas. Promotion of equitable and affordable housing units might also improve liveability in urban regions by availing energy-efficient housing alternatives that can ease the total cost of living (“United Nations Human Settlements Program,” 2009, p. 162).
Lastly, the findings from the article can be used to improve the environment and liveability in urban areas by encouraging the residents to use public transport, which helps to reduce congestion and environmental pollution in such regions. For example, urban authorities can promote public transport in the cities by enacting tough rules, such as charging a high amount of parking charges to private car owners; this move is likely to discourage the residents from using private means of transport. If city residents rely mostly on public transport and other non-motorised means of transport, urban amenities can be greatly improved and pieces of land, which would otherwise be used to build roads and parking lots, are then used for better development purposes (Flint, 2013, p. 378).
Flint, R. W. (2013). Practice of sustainable community development: A participatory framework for change. London: Springer.
McCrea, R., & Walters, P. (2012). Impacts of urban consolidation on urban liveability: Comparing an inner and outer Suburb in Brisbane, Australia. Housing, Theory and Society, 29(2): 190-206.
McManus, P. (2005). Vortex cities to sustainable cities: Australia’s urban challenge. Sydney, NSW: University of New South Wales Press.
“United Nations Human Settlements Program.” (2009). Planning sustainable cities: Global report on human settlements 2009. Sterling, VA: Earthscan.
Walker, L. (2010). Choosing a sustainable future: Ideas and inspiration from Ithaca, NY. Philadelphia, PA: New Society.
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