Crossing The Lines: Kashmir, Pakistan, India is one of the most informative and resourceful documentaries that will be analyzed in the essay. This is a vital documentary film that was by Zia Mian and Pervez Hoodbhoy and was produced for the Eqbal Ahmad Foundation, 2004. The film runs for 45 minutes and all the events that are covered will be highlighted and discussed. One of the most crucial issue that is depicted by the documentary is religion and nationalism. It is evident that the problem of nationalism and religion have substantially entwined the fate of Kashmiris, Indians, and Pakistanis for a long time approximated to be more than five decades (Abraham, 2009). In essence, it is clear that wars and fights has occurred for four times. This has been the main contribution to the division of the Kashmiris’ land between the Indians and the Pakistanis. This has been the most crucial source of recurring crises and conflicts. Most of the people that have been following the series of these conflicts have concluded that the next war could be nuclear war. This means that if the war and conflicts continues it can end up leading to massive destruction of property and loss of several lives (Dutta, 2012).
The most significant advantage of this independent documentary is that it is an eye opener to all of us. Anyone who watches the film is compelled to look at Kashmir with another new perspective. Therefore, the documentary challenges us to have a better look and probably suggest the best solutions to develop a better Kashmir than now. There are several techniques that was used in making the documentary informative and resource in all perspectives (Lyon, 2008). One of the most significant method used is interview. The film shows various people being interviewed with the objective of collecting vital information. To ensure that the best combination of information is achieved, key figures and ordinary citizens are interviewed. these are people from both sides affected to make sure that the information is not biased in any way possible.
The second methodology that was applied in the collection of information is the use of rare archival footage. CCTV cameras and other video collection media was used to capture various instances of war and related activities that has occurred during the conflicts. The archival footage played a vital role since whoever watches the documentary will be able to have a clear view of some activities that took place during the war. The last method that was sentimental in producing this resourceful documentary is the use of computer animations. There are several instances in the documentary whereby computer animations are used with the main objective of enhancing the information being delivered to the public. All these crucial methodologies were significant in developing a vibrant and moving narrative covering most of the crucial event that took place (Jagadish, 2008).
The documentary reveals various information concerning the Kashmiri militants. One of the most crucial aspect that is clearly capture is the militant’s frustration and disappointment concerning their hopes on democracy. They feel that democracy is not being exercised and the primary stumbling block to this are the Indian rulers. The second issues that is clear depicted is that the Indian rulers are very oppressive and they have done everything possible to be rebellious to them. However, it is imperative to note that there are various implications that led to this rebellion. One of the most significant adverse effects of the rebellion and persistent confrontation of India by the Pakistanis lead to the breakout of the holy war (Stroud, 2013). The holy war as well resulted in terror whereby people were living in fear and frustration of what might happen next. In addition to the above, the holy war led to the death of various people and death to Kashmir.
Moreover, it is worth noting that some of the people that were interviewed in the documentary are the radical Hindu leaders in India. These are the people that were vital in revealing the information that the struggle for Kashmir knows no limits. On the other hand, Islamic militants in Pakistan who were interviewed showed that they shared the struggle to ensure that Kashmir is great. The film also shows the dark side of the India and Pakistan. It is demonstrated that they are using the rising religious passions to strengthen national identity with unacceptable means such as spreading hatred and cultivating prejudice towards others. Thus, the film clearly shows how exchanging conflicting borders is a difficult endeavor in trying to ensure justice and peace prevails (Tikekar, 2005).
In addition to the above, taking a closer look and analyzing the documentary it is notable that there are three crucial issues that are chronicled. Of one the most crucial of this is issues that is depicted is the occurrence of war. It is clear that the main reason for the existence of war is conflicts primarily for the bitterly contested borders. This war has contributed to the increased death of people and terror. The second issue covered is the failed efforts to restore peace. There are several instances whereby leaders and other communities have tried to restore peace but in vain. Finally, it shows various people that are got as responsible for the increasing conflicts and disputes (Malik, 2003).
Surprisingly, the film reveals the primary factor that led to the increased conflicts between Pakistan and India. There are scenes whereby both nations are showed testing their nuclear weapons. Nuclear weapons are terrific and leads to massive destruction of property and loss of lives. The dramatic testing of these weapons thus led to the increase fear and diminishing of peace between the two nations. Both countries knew that the production of these nuclear weapons meant that they are preparing for a worse war in the near future. However, it is profound to note that the documentary played a vital role in trying to build and enhance a common future for all the South Asians. This shared future has been stimulated and strengthened by the rejection of the national ambitions of Pakistanis, Indians, and Kashmiris (Mullick, 2009).
The second film that plays a crucial role in this discussion is Nuclear Nightmare: Fallout from an India-Pakistan War, Fora TV, 2010. One of the most fundamental issues that the movie reveals are the risks and the consequences of the use of nuclear weapons in South Asia. The other issue that is eminent in this film is the closely of an occurrence of nuclear conflict between the two countries (Raghunath, 2006). According to the analysts, it is clear that Pakistan and India are near a conventional conflict and dispute a situation which can trigger the use of nuclear weapons. However, this is a situation that nobody anticipates and should not be allowed to occur by all means possible. On the contrary, the fact that these countries have already declared and tested their nuclear makes it tough to prevent such breakout of conflict (Motapanyane, 2011). This means that the chance of outbreak of a conventional war is close and the use of nuclear weapons will be unavoidable.
The film also reveals that both sides have prepared their forces accordingly in readiness for the conventional war. On the contrary, the team that feels that they are ready for war will be the first ones to make the bold and dangerous step to attack the other country (Shaikh, 2011). This state or situation is referred to as defense condition and might not necessarily involve the use of nuclear weapons as the members of the public are anticipating. For instance, if a country such as Pakistan launches an attack it is hard to determine whether India will immediately respond by launching their nuclear weapons. The decision to use nuclear is hard to take and thus this only alerts the need to ensure that peace is guaranteed (Jagadish, 2008).
It is worth noting that both nations i.e. India and Pakistan are capable of launching nuclear weapons at any time. the most dangerous thing is that when it comes to the use of nuclear there is no warning time or time to prepare. This means that massive destruction of property and loss of lives can occur at any given time they are launched. The film goes to an extent of showing scenarios whereby nuclear weapons were detonated in five Indian and Pakistan cities. The primary objective of these was to visualize the kind of mass destruction that can arise in case such a real situation occurs. The results indicated that the fallout scenario led to approximately more than thirty million casualties (Wirsing, 2008).
On the positive side, some analysts of this situations noted that the occurrence of nuclear war can easily be avoided. This means that currently, we are not on the brink of encountering a nuclear war. The most notable argument for this kind of point is that India cannot put too much pressure on the Pakistanis for fear of the implications. one of the most dangerous implication is that the Pakistanis can panic and hit the nuclear button which its results will be devastating (Malik, 2003).
The final documentary in this analysis is the Riz Khan – Pakistan’s Political Landscape, by Al Jazeera, 2010. This is an open forum that was opened by the Al Jazeera on the issue of Pakistan. One of the crucial issue that was tackled in whether ISI is stoking insurgency. This forum was triggered by the increased battle between the Pakistan’s security forces and the Taliban fighters (Salik, 2006). This war occurred in the northwest region and it had numerous implications. one of the most crucial and notable effects is that it led to the destruction of various cities due to the heavy explosions. As a result, most of the people were wondering whether this was the price being paid due to the country’s strategies on too much use of spy agency well known as the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) (Donnelly, 2006).
The Inter-Services Intelligence came into the public domain in the 80’s when they worked with CIA in various deals. Some of the most notable deals included the funding, supplying weapons, and training of foreign and fighters from Afghanistan. This was mainly with the goal of removing the Soviet from Afghanistan. From this period, the group has been an active pillar that supports the Islamabad agency which has taken over the leadership of Afghanistan for several years (Chengappa, 2004).
However, some negative implications have been associated with the presence of these trained and armed fighters. One of the most vital is that these fighters have had conflicts with Pakistan mainly for backing the United States of America forces in Afghanistan. Pakistan also has been accused of stumbling the peace efforts by supporting the Islamabad agency which led to the guerilla war in Kashmir. However, in the attempt to end this conflicts, the ISI has implemented various strategies referred to as legitimate liberation efforts. The primary objective of these efforts and struggles is to remove Indians from the bitterly contested region (Levite, 2006).
The film thus seeks to find out two crucial issues concerning the conflict between Pakistan and India. One of the most fundamental issues is whether Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) is safeguarding Pakistani interests in the highly contested region. In addition to the above, it is not clear whether they are contributing to the instability in the area by promoting their personal agendas. In essence, the ISI should be the first group to implement various strategies aimed at finding lasting solutions to the ever rising and unending conflicts. In so doing, they will be in a better position to prevent a situation where the war that leads to the use of nuclear weapons arises (Mullick, 2009).
One way of ensuring that they ensure that stability is restored in the region is by initiating peace talks between the conflicting parties. In essence, Pakistan should have their representatives, and as well India should present theirs. These parties should negotiate their grievances amidst the presence of independent mediators. The use of nuclear weapons should be the primary focus in such peace talks. Both countries should be informed of the implications of using such disastrous weapons of mass destruction in war (Nizamani, 2007). As well, they should be made aware of the consequences that they face in the long run if they choose to use war to find their solutions. In addition to the above, the mediating team should have solid suggestions on solutions that can be implemented to end the war and disputes in this region altogether. As such, this will be vital in the fight for peace and harmony in such bitterly contested border and region of India and Pakistan. In conclusion, the documentaries have played an active role in my understanding of the situation between India and Pakistan.
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Chengappa, B. M. (2004). Pakistan, Islamisation, Army and Foreign Policy. APH Publishing.
Donnelly, T. (2006). Bad Options: Or How I Stopped Worrying and Learned to Live with Loose Nukes. Pakistan’s Nuclear Future: Worries Beyond War, 347-368.
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