I have four question and you can choose one and answer it in Academic essay format. and i want to attache papers that have the details. Example

Title: Question 2

Question 2

Introduction

Melting pot refers to a heterogeneous society becoming more homogenous, the diverse aspects melting together into a harmonious whole with a universal culture. It is especially used to explain the assimilation of immigrants to United States. The melting pot system of ethnic relations views American identity as centered on the assimilation or acculturation and intermarriage of immigrant groups. Multiculturalism is a public policy model for managing cultural diversity within a multiethnic society, formally stressing mutual tolerance and respect for cultural differences within a nation’s borders. Multiculturalism highlights the distinctive characteristics of diverse culture, particularly as they relate to each other in receiving nations.

Advantages of multiculturalism

Multiculturalism teaches citizens of a democratic community to value differences and diversity, and helps them to integrate different cultures into a bigger society without being separated from their past. This in turn assists to strengthen the polity since citizens are ready to make sacrifices for the people they share a universal project. Cultural diversity is beneficial because it enhances the ability of Australians to compete and market themselves internationally and thus add to employment, economic growth and improved conditions of living.

Numerous migrants from several parts of the globe bring a wealth of diverse cultural understandings and languages to Australia. In addition they link the country to a wealth of personal and business contacts in nations where they like to carry out business activities. A cohesive and harmonious society that has linguistic and cultural skills enhances the country’s attraction as a traveler destination and an education export nation.

Disadvantages of multiculturalism

Multiculturalism is a deliberate policy aimed at actively building, supporting and maintaining overseas cultures in Australia but have direct detriment of Australian culture, identity and way of living. Rather than permitting immigrants together with their native born progeny to physically assimilate into Australian culture, the Australian government is consciously generating basis of overseas culture into the country. Firstly, multicultural policies encourage and sustain foreign cultures with huge amounts of money being granted to ethnic organizations and this promotes the capabilities of these organizations to perpetuate and service their ethnic culture (Jupp, 1997).

In learning institutions, multicultural policies are dynamically pursued, where learners are endorsed to identify with their ethnicity other than become entirely Australian. Secondly, immigration policies are based on ongoing mass immigration, which offers overseas cultures in (Jupp, 1997).Australia the capability to self sustains their own development. These intentional disruptive policies are turning citizens against one another, and are generating a nation populated by a set of separate societies , other than a country inhabited by a nationally united society (Kanpol & McLaren, 1995).

Patriotism in Australian Multiculturalism

Multiculturalism as a political and cultural policy has been established by the Australian government to show its citizens how they should jointly live together. The word multiculturalism means numerous cultures and it was put into place to enhance a way of thinking that accepts and embraces Australian citizens who have come from diverse nations or who identify with a culture that is diverse from Anglo Australian culture. This entails respecting the practices and choices of people regarding their social beliefs and religions. According to Fullinwider (1996), this implies that every culture is respected and no one is more significant that anybody else. As a political policy, multiculturalism also emphasizes that while Australia people recognize and accept, every citizen identify a sole common law and a democratic government as their own (Kanpol & McLaren, 1995).

The Australian multiculturalism is seen via three core principles; equality, responsibility and benefits. Equality implies that all citizens are offered equal rights, in spite of the race or religion they belong to. It makes sure that individuals can rely upon the Australian law in case they are discriminated against as a result of their ethnic beliefs. Benefits imply that Australia citizens identify that multiculturalism has enormous benefits to the society and if they go on living in a multicultural society, the probabilities of success within the business and social spheres are eternal. Responsibility implies that all Australian people have the responsibility of accepting other people who have personal beliefs. It also implies that they have the duty of supporting their democratic model of their government (Jupp, 1997).

Multiculturalism and role of migration

Australian multiculturalism is concerned with the incorporation of successive waves of immigrants and this is making the country multicultural with people from extraordinarily dissimilar origins. According to Theophanous (1995), immigrants are accepted in Australia and they have a firm commitment to institutional framework of the nation’s legal and political system. There is also an expanding recognition that immigrants are not prevented from maintain the elements of their cultural heritage which offer meaning to their lives. Migrant settlement programs are aimed at helping recently arrived immigrants to settle in the country and productively and fully participate in Australian society (Theophanous, 1995).

Advantages of American melting pot

Melting point and the subsequent assimilation can be beneficial to both the people and the government. The United States tend to support controlled immigration levels, sufficient to benefit the country economically, but not adequate enough to change it. Assimilation also enables a country to forge a single national identity which in turn promotes development. Separating people by race or ethnicity and offering immigrant group’s distinctive privileges can damage these groups. Milton (1964) argues that through calling attention to disparities amid the minority groups and majority, the government can promote anger towards them by majority groups, which can in turn make the migrant groups to reject mainstream culture. Therefore, assimilation makes full attempts to integrate immigrants into mainstream, which makes them to naturally work to positively respond the gesture as well as adopt novel customs.

Disadvantages of American melting pot

Melting pot as a process of assimilation can harm minority cultures through stripping away their unique features because at times institutions of a dominant culture establish programs to integrate of assimilate minority cultures. Even though assimilation can lead to a comparatively homogenous nation with a strong nationalism, the minorities strongly oppose integration. With integration, migrants as well as their children lose their original linguistic and cultural identity. For instance, use of other languages rather than English in United States classroom set up has been conventionally discouraged. Assimilation has usually been forced and this has made migrants to possess severed ties with their families abroad (Salins, 1997).

Patriotism in American melting pot

In American melting pot many different ethnic groups are congregated and merged.In terms of migration to the United States, the process of melting pot have been linked with Americanization, implying cultural acculturation and assimilation. In melting pot, there are mixing of cultures and intermarriages between different ethnic groups. Salins, (1997) observes that the tradition view of a melting pot has been that all immigrant cultures are amalgamated and mixed without state intervention. This perception has conventionally been viewed as the best expression to explain multi ethnicity of the America society. Its basic notion presents the entire nation as one huge pot and any person who enters U.S. is put into the pot where an assimilation process into American belief schemes takes place.

Every cultural element that a person brings in are merged and melted or blended, to generate a new culture which is characteristically American. Within this assimilation, the identities of every original culture are put out to generate a full new mixture. The melting pot system has resulted to mixture of cultures because for numerous years there has bee n a continuous stream of migration into the United States from all regions of the globe. There are huge communities who are established and who follow their individual religions and their distinctive ways of living. Melting pot implies that in courses of daily life all these societies interrelate with each other and het ideas from one another (Jupp, 1997).

American melting pot and role of migration

In melting pot, immigrants or foreigners move to America and assimilate into a single American culture. Immigrants become American citizens and part of American history. Melting pot describes the notion that the movement of people with diverse religions, ethnic groups and culture to the United States will produce a novel hybrid cultural and social society, with the subordinate or new groups having the capability to influence the values of dominant group. After the removal of the quota system in the United States in the 1960s, American melting pot resulted to achievement of civil rights by the African-Americans, reapportionation of electoral districts and subsidy of Anglo conformity. After this period there has been a move towards a melting pot in U.S. with inter ethnic marriages is a nationwide norm and majority of ethnic groups have attained socioeconomic equality with British Americans. Therefore, African- Americans are entirely culturally integrated into American institutions and culture (Gazer & Moynihan, 1970).

Conclusion

Australian multiculturalism and American melting pot systems display how the two nations integrate immigrants. Australia multiculturalism embraces and accepts Australian people who have come from different parts of the globe. It allows migrants to continue with and practice their cultural and religious beliefs and ensures that each culture is respected. On the other hand, the melting pot is concerned with assimilation of cultures, with mixing of cultures and intermarriages between Americans and migrants. In melting pot, all migrant cultures are amalgamated and mixed with the American culture with every culture that comes in being blended to generate a new American culture.

Bibliography

Theophanous, A.C. 1995. Understanding Multiculturalism and Australian Identity. Melbourne: Elikia Books.

 Hirst, J. 1990. Australia’s absurd history: A critique of multiculturalism. Overland 117: 5-10.

Jupp, J. 1997. Immigration and national identity: Multiculturalism. In G. Stokes ed. The Politics of Identity in Australia. pp.132-44.

Kanpol, B. & McLaren P., 1995, Critical multiculturalism: uncommon voices in a common struggle. ABC-CLIO.

Milton, G, 1964, Assimilation in American Life. New York: Oxford University Press.

Salins, D, 1997, Assimilation, American style, Basic Books, New York.

Gazer, N, & Moynihan, P, 1970, Beyond the Melting Pot, The MIT Press, Cambridge.

Fullinwider K. R., 1996, Public education in a multicultural society: policy, theory, critiques. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.