How has cell phone changed us socailly? Essay Example
The qualitative research aimed at distributing research questionnaires to the selected high school students aged between 13 and 18 years. In order to determine variations in the responses, the researcher grouped the questionnaires in accordance with the classes of the students. The researcher used the stratified random sampling approach to distribute questionnaires to 85 female and 80 male respondents. The selection of the approach emanates from its effectiveness in producing valid qualitative data that reflects the values of the population (Teddlie 79). The questionnaire included questionnaires that aimed at collecting data on the four research objectives. The questions include:
What is your gender
What is your age?
Which is your preferred mode of communicating to your peers and others?
What is your average monthly expenditure on airtime?
On a daily basis, how many hours do you spend using the cell phone?
Less than 1 hour
Do you use the cell phone within the school environment?
If Yes in 6 above, how many hours do you spend on the device?
At most 1 hour
At least 1 hour
What is the reason behind the limited use of your cell phone within the school environment?
Do you switch off your phone while in the classroom?
Do you use the cell phone to access the Internet and other explicit material?
Has the access to explicit content influenced your aggressive and sexual behavior?
Which is your preferred mode of chatting?
From the questions, it is apparent that the research targeted to meet its main objective that entails finding the impact of cell phones on the social life of high school students. The demographics section targeted to obtain data on the age and gender of the respondents (Randall & Ernestina 144). The other sections collected data on the chatting mode that respondents employed while communicating with one another. The questions also asked the time spent by students while using the cell phone in the classroom and within the school environment. Apparently, the school rules and restrictions limit the use of cell phones within the schooling environment. The research targeted to determine the reason behind the limited use of cell phones within the classroom environment. Moreover, the survey intended to determine the preferred mode of chatting for respondents of either gender. Finally, the survey intended to determine the extent of usage of cell phones by respondents to access the Internet and other explicit material.
The research used Ms Excel to perform data analysis. Profiling the study group was the first step in the analysis. It entailed creating group distinctions within the sample (Patel & Patel 1). Considering the number of respondents targeted by the research, the researcher used cluster analysis to identify respondent groups that presented similar response profiles (SSC 22). Using the Drill down feature in Ms Excel, the researcher was able to produce data listings to enable the tracking down of patterns in the responses.
The research employed statistical inference procedures to enable the generalization of certain values observed from the sample to the population. This entailed comparing data from all sample groups with the already existing values of the population from previous studies. Statistical inference also enabled the researcher to use sample information in making generalizations and predictions. The researcher used the two-way table of cell phone usage and the associated social impact to determine the existing relationship between the two variables. Finally, the researcher checked the validity of the collected data by comparing it to the already existing values of the population in accordance with previous studies (Drost 114).
Drost, Ellen A. Validity and reliability in social science research. Education Research and Perspectives 38.1 (2011): 105.
Patel, Sweety, and Patel, Piyush. Why Data Profiling And How? IJAITI 2012. Print.
Randall, Sara, and Ernestina Coast. The quality of demographic data on older Africans.
Demographic Research 34 (2016): 143.
Statistical Services Centre (SSC). Approaches to the Analysis of Survey Data. The University of Reading 2001. Print.
Teddlie, Charles, and Fen Yu. Mixed methods sampling a typology with examples. Journal of mixed methods research 1.1 (2007): 77-100.
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