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Homeland Security

Homeland Security

a) Benefits and Problems that exist in communication and interoperability

Technology is of great essence to the modern world. Through technology, we can communicate without hindrances due to distance or time. Homeland security is incorporating technology, for this reason, their responses have become more precise and fast (Nakaya, 2005). However, technology has not been enough for Homeland Security in perfecting their communication protocols and skills. Technology has made it possible for Homeland security to deal with cybercrimes. Before these offenses occur, the organization can identify any unusual cyber occurrence and mitigate the expected result. Through Homeland Security, Cyber-attacks have lessened hence making it easy for organizations to operate confidently without the fear of cyber-crime. On the other hand, communication has been improved with the help of technology. It is through it that possible and workable solutions have been put into place. It is right to say that technology implementation has led to the success of Homeland Security. However, the new September 2011 (9/11) proved this evident after it was noted that there was poor communication between and among the operational agencies (Nakaya, 2005). For instance, there were many responding’s from various organizations during the Pennsylvania attack. A perfect respond to the assault would not have led to all companies coming to the rescue. Taking an example, if all teams responded to that one instance and the country suffers numerous attacks, then no team would be on base to save the other attacks.

I. Potential ways of solving these problems

After the attack, it was evident that this communication problem had a solution. With communication failure, the whole firm is bound to fail. Homeland security has an option has an option of installing suitable communication networks. The disadvantage to this is that it would cost the United States government tens of billions. It is quite pricey putting in a condition that many US projects require funding, and they are quite essential. Moreover, the government has implemented elements of communication plan such as Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act (IRTPA) that is responsible for making sure that emergency information passes through all levels of government (Oliver & Hill, 2015). There was the creation of an Office of Emergency Communication. The office has six branches. It has the same responsibilities as (IRTPA) by making sure that emergency messages reach all relevant departments using the correct channel (Oliver & Hill, 2015).

President Obama provided a strategy where national security responds to prevent disruptions when passing critical information. For this reason, National Communication System was abolished and establishing of Communication Executive Committee was done which is responsible for program management (Oliver & Hill, 2015). I believe these are possible and perfect solutions if only the people involved follow the procedures to the latter.

b) Sectors of Homeland security that these solutions can apply.

I believe that these solutions can apply to any sector of Homeland Security. In fact, using them to Homeland Security as a whole would bring better results compared to applying it to a particular industry. However using technology to relevant sectors such as FBI, DHS, IRTPA, CEC and NSA which deal with cybercrimes and communication can use these solutions more (Nakaya, 2005).

In conclusion, these strategies would not be easy to apply. It is because some of them are too expensive to enforce as they require restructuring of the available systems. Some of these solutions will take some time to be put in place. All in all, Rome was not built in a day, for this reason, it is important to take enough time to incorporate technology to create a perfect Homeland Security Structure.


Export control challenges associated with Securing the Homeland. (2012). Washington, D.C

Nakaya, A. (2005). Homeland security. Detroit: Greenhaven Press.

Oliver, W. M., Marion, N. E., & Hill, J. B. (2015). Introduction to homeland security: Policy, organization, and administration. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning