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Homeland security

After the 9/11 terror attack on U.S, the government set up department of homeland security, this was one of the means to assist the government in handling terror attacks and other terror related activities. The homeland security strategy had its own advantages and disadvantages depending on how every citizen view the strategy. The positive aspect of homeland security is that there is better organization between different government agencies that deals with security matters in facilitating effective response to terror incidents; the agencies involved include federal, state, and local agencies (Oliver, Marion, & Hill, 2015). Right now all major federal law enforcement and security agencies are involved directly and have specific roles. The next good thing about this strategy is the creation of an important infrastructure than can effectively use available resources. The resources are brought together under Federal Emergency Management Agency; this expanded government response to more than terror attack, the response is expanded to include any man-made and natural disasters (Department of Homeland Security, 2007). The last benefit is that it boosts prevention of terror attacks. American talents and resources will be used to improve the country security hence reducing the country vulnerability to terror attacks.

The disadvantages of homeland security strategy is that it can be abused by federal law enforces. The officials can use the provided law to harass innocent civilians for no reason. The infrastructure that was developed to address matters of terrorism is similar to centralist infrastructure of totalitarian society (Bullock, Haddow, & Coppola, 2012). The homeland security act brings about loss of individual freedom and privacy. Identifying and monitoring terror suspects requires intensive investigations from agencies such as FBI and CIA. The act allows unreasonable searches and seizures to enable the security agents protect the country in a better way (Bullock, Haddow, & Coppola, 2012). Managing the homeland security department requires a lot of financial resources hence draining the country economy.


Oliver, W. M., Marion, N. E., & Hill, J. B. (2015). Introduction to homeland security: Policy,

organization, and administration. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning

Bullock, J. A., Haddow, G. D., & Coppola, D. P. (2012). Homeland security: The essentials.

Place of publication not identified: Butterworth-Heinemann

Department of Homeland Security. (2007). the National Strategy For Homeland Security.

Available online at https://www.dhs.gov/national-strategy-homeland-security-october-2007

McKay, J. (2007). A fresh look: Federal Emergency Management Agency director

discusses the course of the ‘new FEMA’. Government Technology’s Emergency Management. Government technology’s emergency management, Vol 2 (4)