Healthy eating Essay Example

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Vegetable And Fruit Consumption


Vegetables and fruits influence mental health by absorption of minerals, which are water soluble like vitamins such as folic acid and potassium. These minerals are highly important in the body in that they have a great impact on serotonin and adrenaline receptors. The reserves of water-soluble vitamins and minerals do not last for years in the body but they last for only months. When they are taken once at a time, they will not have any influence on health in the future. What matters most in vegetable and fruit intake is being consumed recently or current and should be measured in a cross-sectional manner.

The study design used is the cross-sectional survey study design. This is the research method, which involves observing all the population or a representative of the population at a time. It is quite different from case control studies because its target is to collect and all the data of the entire population in the study. This method was chosen because it is descriptive, and it can be used to describe relative risks, odds ratio and even absolute risks from prevalence (Moore & Lloyd, 2012, p.315). It is used to describe some feature of the population like sickness or illness and it can support inferences of causes and effects. The method of data collection used in the survey is the computer-assisted telephone interviews (CATI). This method was employed because it saves time saves time as technology is employed in data collection. This is by use of computers and telephones to capture the respondents’ data. It is also cost-effective in metropolitan and rural areas and adaptable to the emerging and changing information needs. The sampling method used in the survey is a random sampling. In the survey people who were, over eighteen years and living in private dwellings were randomly selected.

According to table 2.2, 9.7% of females and 5.0% of meals consumed five or more serves of vegetable daily. The difference in men and women’s vegetable consumption is not significant because other respondents did not respond to interview while others indicate that they do not know. In addition, the sample size is not below 5%, and this indicates it is not statistically significant.

According to table 2.4, 23.9% of males, aged 18-24 years and 15.9% of males, aged 25-34 years consumed three or more serves of fruit daily. On the side of females, 22.3% of females aged 18-24 years and 19.3% of females, aged 25-34 consumed three or more serves of fruits daily. The difference in fruit consumption between the groups is not significant because there is light variation by age in fruit consumption of fruit of both sexes. In addition, the percentage of both sexes is not less than 5% indicating that the fruit consumption is not statistically significant(Williams et al, 2012, p.1265).

According to table 7.3, there has been no statistically significant improvement in adult low level of psychological distress between 2010 and 2003. This is because the proportion of females and males who experienced moderate, very high, high levels and low levels of psychological distress did not change. The advice to the Minister is to increase the training and seminars on the importance of vegetable and fruit consumption on mental health. The data in table 7.4 and 7.5 does not indicate the association of low-level psychological distress with vegetable and fruit consumption guidelines. This is because table 7.4 shows that males who were experiencing low level psychological distress have reported very good health. In addition, those who had very high levels of psychological distress were reporting poor or fair health.

The survey tries to portray if vegetable and fruit consumption cause mental health disorders and what extend to know if the consumption can be prevented by preventing or avoiding it completely. The study design was cross-sectional where the data originally collected were used in the survey.

The independent variable represents the causes or inputs or even testing to see if it is the cause. The independent variable in the survey is fruit and vegetable consumption. The dependent variable represents effect or output or testing to know if it is the effect. The dependent variables in the survey are; age group, sex, and geography. The respondents were grouped according to years, sex was grouped into male and female, and geographic distribution was according to the 8 departmental regions. The measurement scale used to measure the rate of fruit and vegetable consumption was ordinal variable. The ordinal variable of fruits and vegetables consumed by the age groups were captured and measured according to the difference between the ordinal variables.. Depression was measured and analyzed using the ordinal variable scale (Lindsey& Frank, 2012, p.125). This is because the difference between the ordinal variableswas very important for comparisons.

According to table 7.1 genders confound the relationship between fruit and vegetable consumption and depression because of variance in the percentage level of psychological depression. In overall, 64.4% reported low levels of psychological distress while male reported 68.9% and female 59.9% of the low level distress. The difference between the association and causal relationship is that, association is the contribution of both factors to a common disorder or illness. While causal is whereby the disorder or illness is as a result of one factor. Reverse causality is whereby the effect and cause are inverted or reversed. For example if the cause of A is B, A is being referred to as the cause of B. In the survey it is referred to as vegetable and fruit consumption cause depression (Erinosho et al, 2012, p.157). But it is the other way around as vegetable and fruit consumption reduces depression.

The research should be conducted in schools or colleges where many scholars are youths. It will be easy to determine their food favorites and they can be accessed easily to answer the questionnaires used in the research.


The current relationship between fruit and vegetable consumption has been considered crucial in that it helps in reducing disorders like depression, and asthma. Most of the health organizations have organized seminars to train the residents and other individuals on the importance of vegetables and fruit consumption. The survey was very important and useful to both country and specific individuals to know effects of fruit consumption on mental health.


Erinosho, T.O., Moser, R.P., Nebeling, L.C, & Yaroch, A.L 2012, Awareness of the Fruits and Veggies-More Matters campaign, knowledge of the fruit and vegetable recommendation, and fruit and vegetable intake of adults in the 2007 Food Attitudes and Behaviors (FAB) Survey. Journal of Appetite, Vol. 59 (1), p155-p160.

Lindsey, T.,& Frank, J. C 2012, Research: Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program Participation in Elementary Schools in the United States and Availability of Fruits and Vegetables in School Lunch Meals. Punam Ohri-Vachaspati. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. 112(6):921-926.

Moore, S, & Lloyd, B 2012,Improving the comparability of national estimates of fruitand vegetable consumption for cross-national studies of dietary patterns. Food And Nutrition Bulletin. Vol.33 (4), p312-p317.

Williams, L.K, Thornton, L., Crawford, D., & Ball, K 2012,Perceived quality and availability of fruit and vegetables are associated with perceptions of fruitand vegetableaffordability among socio-economically disadvantaged women. Journal of Public Health Nutrition, Vol.15 (7), p1262-p1267.

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