Health Organisations Essay Example

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ABORIGINAL OF AUSTRALIA 7

Topic: Aboriginal of Australia

Aboriginal PSeople

The Aboriginal people are native people in Australia. According to the latest government data, there are roughly around four hundred thousand aboriginal people that make up about two percent of the Australian total population. It is said that the Aboriginal may have migrated from some place in Asia over thirty thousand years ago and they consist of over five hundred diverse groups possessing unifying factors (Muller, 2013). Some of these unifying factors include strong spiritual values that attach them to the earth, storytelling and fine art culture, and a rich history of their colonization.

Health and Wellbeing Issues

Health is a major issue for the indigenous people globally. This is the same challenge that Aboriginal are facing and the Australian governments are looking for ways to improve on it. According to Smith (2016), there is a big gap between the between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians remains in relation health status. There is a gap between the life expectancy of Aboriginals compared to non- indigenous Australians. As identified by the UN and the Australian governments, there are several factors that affect the health status of Aboriginal. According to the societal determinants theory it distinguishes that populace health and inequity may be is established by various unified societal aspects. Some of the most significant determinants factors of Aboriginal health disparity in Australia consist of the unequal access to basic health care, poor infrastructure in Aboriginal community such as sanitation, food, and housing as well as cultural pressures. There is a high percentage of poverty and insufficient education in the Aboriginal communities (O’Keefe, Olney, & Angus, 2012). Behavioural factors such as high percentage of smoking and obesity also adds on the health issues.

Barriers to Health Services

As mentioned earlier, there are various issues that create a barrier to health services in the Aboriginal communities. According to Boulton (2016), substance abuse, poverty, inadequate schooling, unequal access to health services are some of the barriers the Aboriginal faced compared to the urbanised Australians. There are cultural factors that avert access to health services which result from the cultural dissimilarities due to underprivileged communication involving Aboriginals and the health workforce.

The Australian governments together with the United Nations are working together in improving the health situation of the Aboriginals community. The following are two features being put in place to eradicate poverty in the communities.

  1. Early childhood Education

Education is an important aspect in improving health and wellness. One of the critical times in human growth is the infancy period. As stated by, investigations indicate that this stage sets neurological and genetic ways that affect the overall health of an individual as well as education and behaviour of an individual. According to Logan, Sumsion, and Press (2015) the Council of Australian Governments have put effort in ensuring that early childhood schooling is accessible for all school going children before they join full time tuition in addition to making certain that Aboriginals children of age fours years access early childhood learning within period five years. Elevated levels of education are connected to a greater understanding of leading healthy lifestyles and better health care systems. According to research, there are lower mortality rates in educated folks of the Aboriginals community as compared to the remote communities. Those that attend school tend to smoke and drink less and are more active, reducing chronic diseases in grown-ups. According to Jorgensen, Sullivan, and Grootenboer, (2013), most of the Aboriginals children do not meet the minimum standard requirement for comprehension, lettering and numeric. Several students rarely finish year twelve compared to learners from other communities. Thus the Council has put in place objectives in order to close this gap by half in year 2018.

  1. Employment and Income

There are various advantages that come with having a job opportunity that earns you good salary. Incidentally, this has shown that it improves on an individual’s health and wellbeing. Unemployment leads to poor health which leads to increased levels of poverty in a community. The Aboriginal faces several challenges in the work environment affecting the health advantages that they might achieve in the course of service (Nepal & Brown, 2012). Some of these challenges include racial discrimination and prejudice in the place of work. On the other hand, the pitiable health report of the Aboriginal population operates as a hurdle to escalating participation rates of Aboriginal people in the work environment. Thus, the Council of governments is working towards bridging the gap between the non-indigenous and indigenous communities in Australia. According to their report, fifty four percent of the indigenous Australians were in employment measure up against seventy six percent of non-Indigenous Australians in the year 2008 and the rate has been of the downward trend ever since.

Proposal

Consultation with Aboriginals Communities

The Australian governments and the relevant bodies and groups involved in improving the Aboriginals’ health issues should work closely with the communities. This is an achievement feature. There is a need to consult the Aboriginals, they should also be empowered, and held up in order to tackle the health concerns experienced in their society.

Adequate Funding

Having good infrastructure improves on society’s wellbeing, more so on their health and poverty levels. Realizing Aboriginals health impartiality will necessitate an outlay in basic health care, edification, enhanced nourishment, and the deterrence and administration of ailment. As stated byAustralian Government 2015 report, the Australian Medical Association approximate that five hundred million dollars is required for availing the same basic health care to Aboriginal similar to as other Australians.

Closing the Gap

The poor infrastructure along with service delivery to these marginalised groups is currently tremendous. However, there has been a massive movement in support of improving the health care of Indigenous people as a whole forwarding the agenda to the federal governments. With this kind of movement, there will be continued and significant long-standing transformation furthermore, bringing the Indigenous health crisis to an end.

Conclusion

It is well known to many people that indigenous people need to initiate positive changes to their state of affairs as well as be accountable in regards to their health status. They should cultivate a culture of self determination. As much as this culture necessitates the essential capital such as good education as well as a good political structure, they should strive to see change in their communities in order to avert these health issues.

References

Logan, H., Sumsion, J., & Press, F. (2015). The Council of Australian Government Reforms [2007–2013]: a critical juncture in Australian early childhood education and care (ECEC) policy?. ICEP, 9(1).

Jorgensen, R., Sullivan, P., & Grootenboer, P. (2013). Pedagogies to enhance learning for indigenous students. Singapore: Springer.

O’Keefe, K., Olney, H., & Angus, M. (2012). Obstacles to Success: Indigenous Students in Primary Schools. Kingston, ACT: Australian Primary Principals Association.

Australian Government. (2015).Closing the Gap Prime Minister’s Report 2015

Muller, L. (2013). Our Voices: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Work. Social Work Education, 32(8), 1109-1111.

Nepal, B. & Brown, L. (2012). Modelling potential impact of improved survival of Indigenous Australians on work-life labour income gap between Indigenous and average Australians. Journal Of Population Research, 29(2), 157-171.

Boulton, J. (2016). Aboriginal Children, History and Health: Beyond Social Determinants. London: Routledge.

Smith, J. (2016). Australia’s rural, remote and Indigenous health. Australia: Elsevier Health Sciences.