Group Analysis Essay Example

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Group Analysis

Table of Content

Introduction 1

Team composition and leadership 1

Achieving interpersonal communication within my team 2

Building inter-group relationships 3

Leadership in our team 4

Conclusion 5

Reference List 6


Human beings from the beginning of age show some distinct behaviour patterns whenever they are in groups or teams. Therefore managers or leaders of such groups or even the group members will benefit from study theories based on groups. This in turn will essentially help to uncover and understand people behaviour and group dynamics.

Group analysis or dynamics is beneficial in many ways and is applicable to education and even therapy (Bion 1952).

It is almost impossible for a normal human being to live in isolation which highlights the importance of society and groups in our lives.

Ultimately the social dynamics occurring in groups after a time may vary between groups but also have some commonalities (Charushanz and Sims 1998).

There are a number of stages during group development. These stages are characteristic of all groups regardless of age, culture or composition (Forsyth 2009). The typical life cycle goes through forming in which case the team members are getting together.

Team composition and leadership

Prior to the preparation assignment we were divided into teams of three people per team. My team is a cross cultural one and for the moment we agreed that the leadership role would revolve amongst us. The imminent cultural barrier in my team was evident at this time, noticing that the Korean, Indian and Indonesian cultures are diverse. At this moment the rotating leadership role is kind of passive as each of us readjusts to accommodate the diversity within the team. Since we have to prepare for the presentation, each of us in the team raises their individual understanding. A consensus must be arrived at because the task at hand is general one their presentation in the doctrine of double effect as applied in medicine. At this storming stage we continue to interact with each other and raise each one’s concerns. Our intention at this point is to strike a balance so that as a team we are going to present our findings to the class. Language barrier remains the most serious impediment to my team’s success. We are expected to carry out the preparation and presentation in English. After a period of time together, we begin to understand each other’s accent which enables us to now begin to communicate and prepare appropriately for the purpose of the team. We are now assuming that we are at the norming stage.

Achieving interpersonal communication within my team

We are trying but our interpersonal communication remains poor due to cultural diversity within the team. According to Forsyth (2009) “most of the clues on communication at this level are accompanied by some body language” (p.39) to assist the speaker to communicate.

We continue to use as much non verbal communication such as body language and other physical expressions to continue with the preparation. It is apparent though that our interpersonal communication is to some extend affected by bypassing a condition that describes misinterpretations due to cultural diversity. However we try to overcome this by focusing on the preparation exercise.

One goal we are consciously aiming towards is to establish strong interpersonal relationship within our team. My teams and I are aware that this interpersonal relationship is important for the eventual outcome of our team work. We therefore have resolved to try and communicate effectively as we can while accompanying this with body language and physical expressions. Since each one’s contribution is important for the successful presentation, we establish some level of interdependence where we agree to meet at certain times and in certain places to continue with our preparations. However, my team mates at times fail to attend these discussions presumably because of miscommunication. According to a personal perception, my team mates’ interpersonal relationship has moved beyond acquaintance and build up stages and is currently at continuation (Authenticity Consulting, LLC 2011; Neill 2007). Our continuation as a team must be maintained as we look forward to the presentation after this preparation. The communication challenges within my team are extended to other teams as well. This is largely due to the cross cultural composition of my class whose constituents are the various teams.

Having gone through the orientation where we subtly test each other and establish some dependence, we move on to carry out the task at hand. At our subsequent discussion as a team my team becomes more cohesive when we arrive at a consensus on the information needed during preparation. We encounter a challenge of communicating with other teams in the class to try and understand their approaches.

Building inter-group relationships

However my team is determined to work out the inter-group relationships as we have worked out our interpersonal relationship at team level. It remains evident though the barriers of communication are accounting for “the biggest obstacle to the achievement of this inter-group relationship” (Bion 1952, p.243). My team eventually reaches the performing stage of team development and we are raring to go for the presentation.

We are in agreement that to further strengthen our team we will divide the presentation in three parts where each one of my team mates will present. This is intended to give a sense of team cohesion and display of a united team contribution. This is likely to further strengthen our interpersonal relationship since the success of each of us at the presentation is advantageous for the team as a whole.

Leadership in our team

As we begin to perform a number of team discussions we begin to understand that as a leader especially in a culturally diverse team, it will be important to “learn to be an effective communicator” (Hickman 2009, p.37). In appreciating our diverse cultural backgrounds we are deliberately working towards establishing an effective communication approach among my team mates. This we perceive is not just vital for team cohesion and growth but also for inter-team relationship as well. We must effectively communicate as a team to other teams within our class as they too are obliged to do likewise. We understand in our team presently that “effective communication goes hand in hand with listening” (Hickman 2009, p.39). and have resolved to work at both our listening and communication. We continue to embark on a listening culture as each of us takes their turn to stand and speak. Beyond communication we are looking at upholding respect for others however diverse as is noticed within my team consisting of a Korean, Indian and Indonesian. Respect in turn will breed confidence within the team and each of us will understand diversity management even at a better level. The bottom line is that effective leadership entails having a concern for other team members. However leading in a culturally diverse team remains a challenge which calls for understanding of various interrelated issues. However the acknowledgment of these diversities and the ability to effectively manage them will be an advantage for every leader and his or her team.


Generally it has been realized that successful team work is largely dependant on effective communication within and without the team. However the challenge is greater when the composition of the team is heterogeneous. This requires an acquisition of diversity management skills to lead such teams. It can be noted that it was not only miscommunication that affected my team but some of my team mates did not prepare their part well and during subsequent meetings they participated less or the meetings were delayed or postponed which resulted in waste of time and inadequate time to prepare for the presentation.

Reference List

Authenticity Consulting, LLC 2011, Group Dynamics: Basic nature of groups and how they develop, Available from:

<> [Accessed 20th Sept 2011]

Bion, RW 1952, Group dynamics: A re-view, International Journal of Psychoanalysis,

Vol.33, no.1, pp. 235-247.

Charushanz, SG and Sims, H 1998, Team worked group dynamics, John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Forsyth, RD 2009, Group dynamics, 5th edn,Wadsworth Publishing, Belmont, CA.

Hickman, RG 2009, Leading organizations: Perspective for a new era, 2nd edn,Sage Publications Inc., Thousand Oaks.

Neill, J 2007, Group dynamics processes and development, Available from:

<> [Accessed 20th Sept 2011]