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Advantages and Disadvantages of Geographical Location of Russia

Advantages and Disadvantages of Geographical Location of Russia

The paper analyzes historical data to create a vivid description of the current population state of Russia. It also illuminates the reason as to why Russia offers a safe harbor to people in exile. The size and number of natural resources Russia has been also accounted for in the composition of natural wealth and a population of the country. Industrial pollution attributes to most of the adverse environmental effects Russia is currently facing and striving to control. All this evidence is used to elaborate the geographical advantages and disadvantages of Russia. The geographical position of Russia bequeaths certain characteristics that have affected Russia political, economic, and social state positively and negatively.

Russia is one of the largest countries in the world covered with forest reserves and is very resourceful when it comes to providing raw material for woodwork industries. Russia vast deposits of petroleum, natural gas, coal, and minerals boost the economy of Russia. Coal is burnt mostly in electric power stations to provide electricity. It is centrally located against three major power continents that facilitate easy mobility of investors. It takes three hours to travel to Berlin or Paris, eight hours to America and two to four hours to Asian Countries from Russia. This position facilitates easy administration and saves on the time taken to travel between these major influential countries. The large population size offers readily available and cheap labor for investors.

When it comes to disadvantages, Russia has about 190 different ethnic groups, and this brings about diversification. The Soviet Union success in the 19th century was attributed to the equal representation of these groups in the country administration system. A large number of units cannot all be represented, and this brings about conflicts to groups that are not represented. Language barriers prevent people from acquiring jobs in foreign companies in their locality. It also prevents easier understanding among the people hindering progress (Hosking, 2001).

The country has high pollution and rough terrain that are attributed to air pollution by electric coal stations and petroleum factories, soil pollution by mining industries, deforestation by the wood industries. All this contributes to global warming that prevent agriculture to thrive due to high temperature and extreme winters. Rough terrain is due to the extensive land mining, and general outlooks prevent exploitation, movement, and mobilization of natural resources. Owing to its large size, extensive plains, and mountainous regions its surrounding countries militia can easily access Russia. Denmark, Sweden, Poland, Turkey, Poland, and China surround Russia. Its location has resulted in a significant part the country’s revenues allocation to military power and research with the majority of its working population joining the military (Hosking, 2001).

In conclusion, Russia has developed a mechanism to ensure its prowess such as the establishment of an authoritarian state, which offers official backing to existing personal power relationships. Russia also has created ways to deal closely with tribal leaders and groups to ensure internal peace.


Hosking, G. (2001). Russia and the Russians: A History. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.