Fingerprint Evidence Essay Example

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Question 1

In every field there exist people who are seen as the initiators and who played essential roles to what those disciplines are as of today and thus the need for recognition of their roles. In the field of forensic science there seems to be the major case and thus there were a number of forensic scientists that were involved in the early development of fingerprints and this included people such as Balthazard Victor (1852-1950), Bertillon Alphonse (1853-1914), Galton Sir Francis (1822-1911) and Goddard Calvin (1891-1955) just to mention a few of them (Nordby & Bell 6). For a considerable amount of time, fingerprints have over time gained a lot of importance in the forensic science and more so at the turn of the 20th century. Fingerprints have gained a lot of importance in that it has played a great role in that they have become an important piece of evidence in a great number of criminal cases. This is based on the fact that the fingerprints have some characteristics in that they are unique and thus they acts as infallible means that can be used in identification since the fingerprints of individual’s cannot be the same (Deborah 1). Additionally, through their use one can implicate the guilty and this is mainly done through by linking the criminal to a victim as well as to the scene of the crime and as a result the innocent ions are exonerated. This helps in that the number of suspects can be narrowed down to a smaller number which make investigations easy.

Question 2

Balthazard Victor (1852-1950) played an essential role in relation to fingerprint in that he helped in the advancements of fingerprints. Balthazard Victor is highly credited for the great role he played in the development of probability models and this models showed that each individuals fingerprints were unique and that minimal chances exists that two different people can have the same pattern. Though Bertillon generally rejected the use of fingerprints, he provided some space to his data cards and through this there was the inclusion of fingerprints data and mostly from the right hand side. He is also accredited for being the first scientists to make use of fingerprints to solve a case. Galton Sir Francis has also contributed greatly in that he developed the first classification system for fingerprints and his system was later adopted by the British government and it was used as an addition to the Bertillon system. Goddard Calvin also contributed greatly to what is currently being used in relation to fingerprints in that some of the commonly used tools in the examination of modern firearms were developed by Goddard and his co-workers. The scientists have made major contributions to the field of forensics since and this has played an essential role to the criminal investigations arena in the 19th and 20th century. Through the use of their findings a great number of criminal cases have been solved and some they have been used in collaboration with each other to effective findings (Smith 1).

Work Cited

Deborah Blum. “Early Forensics and crime-solving chemists.” Online Video. YouTube. YouTube, 1 April 2013. Web 27 October 2016

Nordby, Jon & Bell, Suzanne. Forensic Science: An introduction to scientific and investigative Techniques. Florida: CRC Press, 2014. Print.

Smith Terry. “2.2B History of Forensic science, Part Two.” Online Video. YouTube. YouTube, 3 Oct 2012. Web 27 October 2016