Final exam

Affiliation

Required plan;

  1. Introduction

  2. Skills required

  3. The necessary attitudes.

  4. Challenges encountered through the development of those skills.

Engineering is a vast field a branch of science and technology that deals with creation and design of equipment, building and structures. The great Opera house in Sydney, Burj Khalifa of Dubai, Great Wall of China are just but a few examples of great engineering minds of all time at their best to transform the face of this planet. Not only do they have an aesthetic importance but also serve the people using them such as the proposed transatlantic tunnel that would easily facilitate working in the United States and living in the United Kingdom. Having such impact proves that engineering is one of the most lucrative courses that a student can choose, although this profession defines one to enjoy unlimited benefits it’s not an easy path to tread on to at the campus. Being entrusted to engineer some of the biggest projects requires one to develop a set of skills to efficiently carry out these tasks. Here are some of the skills.

  1. STEM Skills

This course requires one to master a combination of various subjects that is science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. In other words attaining relevant knowledge on those fields and excelling in them all. One has to account even for the least variables leaving no room for errors and approximations. This sharpens ones problem solving skills, logical thinking and operating independently.

  1. Communication skills

Different engineering fields require or use various terminologies to help bring an understanding between people who don’t have the knowledge of such. This applies to both written and spoken form of communication so one must be able to read and write the preferred choice of language. One should be conversant with the language that would bring an understanding between the client and the engineer for most cases English is applicable but in other cases one should be fluent in foreign languages. Clear communication when working is vital since it facilitates efficient working between personnel on a project. This reduces chances of injuries being incurred at work.

  1. Technical knowledge

It involves the practical ability to handle the required equipment, hands-on-skill which natures ones experience. It needs one to have the knowledge to operate and understand current software and technology such as architects to embrace relevant technology to draw and design the blue prints to a particular project. The ability to use mathematical equations to solve problems and do statistical analysis is a key aspect of technical knowledge that ought to be applied to try and obtain correct facts. It also requires the comprehension of basic laws and theories of science since one would be encountering them in day to day activities.

  1. Leadership skills

An engineer ought to be the overall decision maker after careful evaluation of the situation. With the responsibilities at hand either a leader of a sub-team or an entire team he or she should acknowledge the strength and weaknesses of a particular team member and use it to the objectives advantage.

  1. Professional qualification

A professional engineer ought to be fully qualified and have got accreditation from the relevant engineering council. Various levels of standards ought to be met in order to be considered as a competent engineer.

  1. Planning and organizing

A good project requires careful planning of ones work especially after becoming in charge of projects. This helps with the accountability of materials to be used and the proper management of one’s team that is delegation of duties and also time saving.

Some of the attitudes include;

  1. Reliability

This questions the dependability of someone to perform a certain task the way its required. A professional engineer ought to be relied upon to partake in efficient work such as a project.

  1. Tolerance

This tests ones endurance to pressure especially arising in the work places such as deadlines and other project related conflicts that would deter the progress of the project.

  1. Flexibility

It defines the ability to acclimatize to change such as climatic changes that would hinder the construction and development of certain structures.

  1. Approachability

A conducive working environment is necessary for achievement of a projects goal. This is contributed by an approachable leader, friendly by nature to give directions and clarity where need be.

  1. Punctuality

Defines an engineer ought to be time conscious in his or her work such as completion of projects

Challenges developing these skills

  1. Continuous practice in order to develop skills required to handle particular equipment.

  2. Some equipment may be dangerous or complex to use.

  3. Revision of engineering curriculum may deter one from having a consistency in studying.

  4. Some informal language of engineering may prove difficult to understand.

Plans for my essay;

  1. Definition of transition to university.

  2. Challenges faced and their solutions.

  3. Other skills to focus on to help with the next semester.

Transition to university life simply describes the change of environment for a student in order to continue with his or her studies. This is often from high school to universities or other tertiary institutions depending on the country’s educational system. This may prove to be cumbersome for most of the students. This is strictly due to the varying structures of these educational institutions such as keeping track of ones time from a monitored nature. A common example being most high schools would use a bell to signify the transition from one lesson to another or the end of break periods, such is not the case to most universities.

Some of the strategies I had to implement to help curb these issues were as having and utilizing a map that helped me get my way around. Familiarizing myself with the surrounding structures, getting to know where essential services are offered around such as the mess hall, computer laboratories and libraries. This would also help in locating in advance the routes to ones classes and lecture halls. I also had to dedicate most of my time to familiarize myself with computer systems since they were used by students to manage activities such as unit registration, hostel reservations and conduct most of my studies from. I also found out that planning prior to my activities had me saving on time and avoiding unnecessary confusion in my day to day activities. Understanding and managing the various new resources that where at my disposal was confusing at first but after spending time on them, not only helped me get familiar with them but also gain necessary skills on them too. A computerized library system, engineering and scientific laboratories are just but examples of resources that were new to me. The above strategies helped me get around this new environment challenge that was before me.

Change in academic expectations proved to be a real challenge at first, in that the previous course work in high school was not so demanding as at the campus level. I came to understand that at university level the learning is carried out in an enhanced pace despite the un-monitored environment. This required high levels of determination, discipline and sacrifice to help cope with this. Vast amount of resource materials are required to be covered as compared to the syllabus coverage that was encountered at high school level which was already predetermined. With this vast coverage of resource materials, deadlines and stern consequences would befall those who would go against the stipulated rules set aside related to academics. Offenses such as plagiarism that is presenting someone else ideas as your own are dealt with rigorous consequences. I improved on my educational and non-educational skills such as regular paraphrasing of articles to evade penalties that would greatly interfere with my stay in the university as well as my grades. I had to become conversant with the academic code of conduct and also had a positive mind on the course load I had to cover therefore never perceived it as a punishment. Early preparation of course work such as assignments helped me to anticipate for the vast course load.

Freedom and independence away from supervision left me with a creeping nature of letting loose and being lazy. Being in such a new environment with less structure that is the use of individual time tables and minimal supervision may give someone a relaxed feeling and may ultimately fall victim of laziness. Participating and joining clubs and societies that deal in self-determination helped me to work on myself and acquire discipline and also keep busy partaking in constructive activities as well as co-curricular activities. This helped me to effectively keep time under strict principles unlike in high school where school bells and timetables determined the way my day was and what time I had to be in class. Enrolling in sport activities and excelling in them provides a platform for one to get a scholarship to further ones studies, this being a motivator I enrolled for swimming lessons. This got me busy to participate in mindful activities other than thinking of my free time without supervision from parents around. By checking specific dates to help remember important dates such as due dates and whenever I would need clarity I asked questions from relevant persons.

As a freshman, I never realized of how lectures needed high level of concentration and perseverance. The longer duration of around two to three hours proved difficult for most of these students as compared to the few minutes dedicated to each subject which was easier to follow up back at high school level. Early preparations on the preferred seats and breaks helped me cope with the long duration of lectures. Most lecture halls were filled to capacity with more than two hundred students proving difficult for lecturers to attend to the individual needs of each and every student considering the complex nature of lectures. Proper use of the professor’s office for assistance and having the questions presented later helped me get a better grip on the lecture structures.

The transition from high school to university takes the student as a young adult capable of taking responsibility his or her own academic studies. At high school level parents mostly acted like the link between students and the administration as they try to look after the welfare of their children. To curb this I developed the ability to express whatever I needed since they were not around by use of the available resources. The freedom was quite tempting since I was hundreds of miles away from home; away from the close eye of my parents’ that’s when experimenting on how much gallons of alcohol I could imbibe, how many nights I would spend awake doing all sorts of illegal activities. Later came to understand that the freedom I once admired and yearned for was the root cause of flanking my examination. I knew I had to abide by the rules and regulations of the university to help me stay in check and also develop a set of principles and keep on evaluating myself regularly not to go against them.

By joining some of the clubs I helped get rid of the nostalgia I had since most of my high school buddies either attended other universities or tertiary institutions far away from mine. Getting busy and making new friends hastened up this process. This also helped on the fact that the population density in such institutions brings together people from different ethnicity and culture, making it a learning experience for everyone.

Some of the skills that I would focus on and develop to help curb these challenges are as follows:

  1. Learning is a process, attaining better study techniques would really pose as an achievement. This would help cope with the tough course load ahead.

  2. Going to social events on campus to help familiarize myself with other students as well as the surrounding.

  3. Joining more clubs and organizations on campus.

  4. Take part in more voluntary work on campus.

Question 2

Ethical behavior is a way of practicing any kind of activity in a consistent way and that individuals think are good values which can boost the performance of a business or activities being carried out. Ethical behaviors involves respecting of moral principles which include fairness, equality among workmates and management, dignity, honesty and finally diversity in order to achieve set goals.

A good research design should be based on originality and honest findings of the researcher.

In the scenario above, personally it will be unethical behavior since the bus design you are required to produce will not be based on your honest findings since it will be a duplicate of another person’s research thus it will lack originality, thus it will be unethical.

In case of a Macquarie Engineering student it will be unethical behavior for him/her to copy the designs for the bus shelter and present it as his/her own since the policies of Macquarie University mainly focuses on respect, compliance and honesty in the work or research they present. Thus presenting the copied designs shows lack of honesty and integrity which is unethical.

In the scenario of a professional engineer who is a member of engineers Australia it will be unethical for him/her to present the findings as his/her own this is because the research is not based on his true findings but a duplication of another design. This shows lack of honesty and integrity of the engineer which is unethical behavior.

It will be unethical for a graduate engineer working for a large corporation to duplicate the designs and present them as his own findings. This is because the design presented lacks originality since it is a duplication of another design which is unethical.

Question 4

Engineering failure occurs when a mechanical structure or gadget has been used past limits of design which may lead to poor functionality of the gadget. If a device is build to withstand a certain amount of stress and the user applies greater amount of stress, the structure will deform and eventually fail. For instance the Hyatt Regency Hotel Walkway which collapsed killing 114 people and injuring several people. During analysis it was discovered that there was alteration of the design and the design was established without approval of the design team. It was discovered that there was deformation and distortion of the fourth floor hanger thus resulting to the collapse. Measures to curb such calamities will include strict supervision by board of engineers before construction of any structures, put strict measures through revoking of licenses of incompetent engineers.

Question 5

Specialization is the process of being restricted or involved in a specific task with the aim of being good at it. Mechanical engineering is a branch of engineering that involves the design, production and operating machinery. A mechanical engineer is tasked with the following tasks which include: designing and implementation of cost effective equipment modifications in order to help improve safety and reliability, he is responsible for developing, testing and evaluating theoretical designs, he is responsible for planning and designing new production processes, he is responsible for recommending modifications and solving complex manufacturing problems, he is responsible for making sure that products made are reliable and will perform consistently in their specified working environments, he is responsible for considering the impacts of issues affecting production e.g. cost and time factors, he is responsible for monitoring and commissioning plant and systems of production and finally he is responsible for working with other professionals within and outside the engineering sector e.g. customers

Question 6

I as the team leader would use the following categories of team members which are; shaper role these are team members who maintain a positive attitude and always come up with a way to overcome challenges they face. Implementer role are team members who get things done in the team, they are responsible for turning the teams ideas into practical plans that can be worked on. Finisher role they are responsible for ensuring the team finishes its planned activities on time and help in detecting errors omitted during planning of the design. Coordinator role are responsible for delegating duties and ensure the team is working towards achieving its goals. Resource investigator role they are responsible for maintaining and allocating the resources provided for the team. Monitor evaluator role they are responsible for analyzing information before coming up with conclusions. Specialist role they are responsible for maintaining the standards of the team. The design steps to follow before coming up with the final design include: Research which involves knowing in detail about the place the bridge is to be constructed and approximating the cost that it will incur to construct it. Design requirements which involves finding out how the construction of the bridge will benefit the public. Feasibility study involves the evaluation and analysis of the project to support the decision making. It analyses alternatives of achieving the desired outcome. Constructing a prototype this process involves coming up with a replica of what is expected of the project. Testing and evaluation of the design it involves evaluating of the project and coming up with measures of improving the project. Detailed design which consist of procurement of materials of the construction of the bridge which includes coming up with specifications that involve external dimensions, materials requirements, reliability requirements and operating parameters.

QUESTION 3

References

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. Annandale, N.S.W.: The Federation Press, 2011. Print.4 Es Buckeridge, John St. James Stewart.

. N.p., 2016. Web. 12 June 2016.Hse.gov.uk «Construction — Construction (Design And Management) Regulations 20015 — What Do I Need To Do? — Commercial Clients: Roles And Responsibilities».

. Aldershot, England: Ashgate, 2005. Print.Engineering Ethics Davis, Michael.

. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press, 2004. Print.Emerging Technologies And Ethical Issues In Engineering

. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1999. Print.Engineering Ethics Fleddermann, Charles B.

Wadsworth, 1995. Print.

. New York: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 1997. Print.Practicing Engineering Ethics Harris, C. E, Michael S Pritchard, and Michael J Rabins.

2.2 (2010): 3405-3410. Web. 1 Apr. 2016. Procedia Engineering James, David. «The Ethics Of Using Engineering To Enhance Athletic Performance».