Family Violence Essay Example

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March 30, 2011

In general, violence is any act performed with a sole intention of hurting another person. However, family violence (Barnett, Perrin and Perrin, 2011, p. 23) incorporates errors of commission or omission that catapult physical, sexual and emotional abuse in a family setting.

Causes of family violence

The causes of family violence are divided into three broad categories namely; underlying factors, situational and precipitating factors. Underlying factors are deeply rooted perceptions of certain behaviors and norms. Such factors that cause family violence include male hegemony among others. In light of this, the men view themselves as powerful human species that are deemed to have control and power over women. This results to family violence should women do contrary to the men’s will. Situational factors are reasons that arise from the environmental and living conditions such as stress and alcohol abuse among others (Eckermann, Chong and Johnson, 2010, p.87).

Family violence results from divergent causes in the family situation. First, history can be a causative agent of family violence. History, as a cause, results from prior experience of similar behaviors in the past. Individuals, for example, brought up in families engaging in violence are likely to exhibit similar behaviors in their marital lives.

Additionally, drug and substance abuse greatly triggers family violence. Alcoholics and drug addicts are expected to engage in family violence thanks to their emotive personalities. For instance, alcohol consumption alters proper thinking capacity leading to unnecessary violence.

All in all, family violence impacts negatively on the growth of the parties involved in the violence. Women, in particular, suffer negligence, emotional trauma and other financial related problems. Besides, they are stigmatized in the society and viewed as outcasts to the extent of being excommunicated from the community in general. On the other hand, the children, mostly innocent, are left at the mercy of neighbors or good samaritans should the family violence result in separation or deaths and imprisonment of their parents (Humphreys and Campbell, 2011, p.70).

Family violence causes are motivated by the dominant male hegemonic ideology. They are aimed at degrading human dignity and mostly end up causing bodily injuries and court cases. Moreover, family violence is precipitated by lack of knowledge on individual’s rights. Wendt (2009) argues that illiteracy levels in rural Australia had greatly contributed to family violence since many women viewed family violence as a normal activity yet it was contrary to their human rights.

However, although family violence is apparent in Australia, many of the cases go unreported. For example, women who have undergone family violence opt not to report such cases to the police mainly for fear of victimization (Parliament Library, 2006).


Enactment of strict family laws is the only lasting solution to family violence. This involves putting into place heavy penalties for individuals who engage in family violence in an effort to reduce the violence cases. Such initiatives will curtail down proliferation of negative family mannerisms.

Contrary to popular belief, women are not the only people on the receiving end, in other situations men have been found to be the culprits of family violence upon molestation by their spouses. In light of this, family violence should be viewed from a multi-dimensional approach when dealing or coming up with the solutions to curb family violence. Moreover, in situations of family violence, children should be spared the wrath. In conclusion, application of counseling services helps to reduce family violence cases.

List of References

Barnett, O, W, Perrin, C, L, M, and Perrin, R, D. (2011). Family Violence Across the Lifespan: An Introduction, London: SAGE Publications.

Eckermann, A, K, et al. (2010). Binan Goonj: Bridging Cultures in Aboriginal Health, (2nd Ed.), Chatswood: Elsevier

Humphreys, J, and Campbell, J. (2011).Family Violence and Nursing Practice, NY, USA: Springer Publishing

Parliamentary Library. (2006).Domestic Violence in Australia, retrieved on March 30, 2011 from

Wendt, S. (2009). Domestic Violence in Rural Australia, Leichardt: Federation Press