ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORDS Essay Example

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Health care institution/organization involvement in the development of EHR

1. Table of Contents

Introduction …………………………………………………………………………………….3

Discussion……………………………………………………………………………………….3

Advantages………………………………………………………………………………………6

Challenges……………………………………………………………………………………..10

Conclusion………………………………………………………………………………………11

References………………………………………………………………………………………14

Health care institution/organization involvement in the development of EHR

2. Introduction

Various Canadian provinces have reorganized healthcare delivery in ways that are anticipated to improve the task of and obligation of electronic health information technology (HIMSS, 2013).Created in 2008, eHealth Ontario is responsible for harnessing invention and information technology to support the provincial health strategy through the healthcare institutions. The agency’s main concern is to create an electronic health record in Ontario by 2015 (HIMSS, 2013). The healthcare institutions consolidated abilities with the eHealth Ontario and replaced Smart Systems for Health Agency that had been obligated to create the practical infrastructure. The healthcare institutions were tasked to create the entire EHR policy (HIMSS, 2013). Electronic Health Ontario through the healthcare institutions released a three-year strategic plan (Glaser, 2011). The policy focused on three clinical concerns anticipated to deliver substantial clinical worth to both physicians and patients.

3. Discussion

Canada Health Infoway (CHI) was established in the year 2000 and has the authorization of investing and supporting the development of a Canadian EHR infrastructure hastens application of EHR in Canada. The company creates structures for growth and deployment of information technology to sustain the EHR policy (Glaser, 2011). The institution operates with diverse partners such as healthcare institutions, technology professionals, industry partners, and provincial eHealth agencies, to deliver investment and leadership in eHealth projects that support its goal.

Besides, CHI endorses the advancement of Health Information Management Standards (HIMS) such as coding arrangement, MIS principles, info structure features, and data dictionary (Glaser, 2011). It has a vital duty of guaranteeing that comparisons between or within health authority are reliable and significant for operations like program development and system planning.

Additionally, the organization has created substantial support to eHealth program all over the nation, through associations, leadership, and funding. The organization has developed EHR systems architecture that forms the foundation for important growth in technology applied across the country more so in Ontario. By 2010, three of the thirteen territorial and provincial authorities had interoperable EHR infostructure fully implemented. The remaining provincial administrations are anticipated to have EHR by the end of 2015 according to the strategic plan of the organization.

Clinical officers refer to nurses, doctors, and various health experts concerned with providing medical services. Among clinical officers, there are people with a better knowledge of technological skills and its application to advance their entire medical career. Since medical industry is mature, the focused sub-sections like nursing and clinical officers are enhanced to react to definite disciplined informative requirements. Health Industry and Professional Associations engage in a strong promotional duty of improving their career (Glaser, 2011).

In Ontario, CHIMA and COACH represent the Health Information Management Experts and the health informatics professionals respectively. Both institutions have been the platform for affiliates educating and promoting the ongoing enhancements of careers. The institutions support the development of the EHR through creating awareness to their members and providing some required techniques during the implementation period. More also, there are many institutions throughout the province with the same directive to create active associations and engage in combined activities with the international firms like CHI. Partnerships among institutions maintain the growth of competencies and values competencies in practice unified and consistent.

Similarly, diverse technological organizations like ITAC Health and Ontario Hospital Association (OHA) had the interest to develop Electronic Health Program at Ontario and the entire nation of Canada. These organizations are part of the national development eHealth program in Ontario and ensure full depiction of all concerned individuals. The two organizations deliver channels for the advancement of medical informatics, medical information management, technological experts, together with the entire health system.

Besides, the organizations support the general structure of comprehension and the trend for formal academic systems. Healthcare institutions participate in a twofold duty in the development of Electronic Health. The organizations are the basis of facts on kinds of skills required for the execution of more improved medical structures recognize the likely of the EHR system. In addition to the implementation of key medical applications like ADT, RIS, and LIS by most of the hospitals in Ontario, the advanced programs like CPOE and eMAR have also been implemented. The most important required skills are data combination and definition of the skills between diverse aspects of an Electronic Health Record policy (Marc, 2004).

The institutions engage in the formal schooling of the medical information and medical information management experts. Organizations develop proper educational curriculum for the medical information management experts and promote skills development through on-the-job training. Moreover, CHIMA has created programs and training initiatives in clinical and classroom settings to empower the professionals with competencies on the application of the EHR in Ontario. Through the accredited health facilities, these experts can refine and enhance their skills to help be updated with health industry and the position qualifications. Although, there are no accredited programs for the health informatics experts, and health organizations have provided some HR initiatives to attract and retain qualified professionals to assist in executing the Electronic Health Record policy.

The health organizations have created and implemented various incentives to ensure that the EHR implementation is successful and attainable within a particular period. The incentives are to attract qualified personnel in the health industry more so in Ontario. Some of these incentives include coaching and mentoring plan for the transfer of awareness, dignified skill, administration agenda, and placement with the various neighboring educational institutions. These kinds of incentives develop a body of knowledge about the implementation of the Electronic Health and Records and enable the professionals to be updated on the current developments in the health industry.

3.1 Advantages

Implementation of EHR in Ontario began in the year 2010 but took a longer time for the implementation process to be accomplished due to financial constraints. It was the second phase after provinces like British Columbia and Quebec had already implemented the system. However, within the same period the specific authorities, all the health providers in Ontario were able to recover a victim’s medical record within the province. The entire record encloses historical laboratory, medicine, analytical image, various medical reports, and vaccination information despite the originality.

The Electronic Health Ontario is a bureau established through integrating Electronic Health Initiative and Smart Systems for Health Agency (SSHA) of Ontario. The Bureau approved support to convey EHR policy within a period of 3 years at a cost. The institution supported various projects that will serve the province and allow diverse implementations within a period. The job began with the deployment of the Provincial Client Registry. Public health agencies in Ontario provide a range of medical endorsement initiatives and scrutinize persistent illness and communicable illness occurrence. Besides, the agencies respond to communal emergencies and incorporate the affiliates in delivering a structured plan for the support of a strong health program like the Electronic Health Record system in Ontario. Another prospect of the communal health is the skill and art of endorsing health and evading diseases.

It also prolongs life through a planned medical system and abilities of the community through implementing modern health services like Electronic Health Records System. The public agencies create awareness and support through expertise to improve the health industry and ensure that the implementations process move as planned. The public health agencies also educate it members about the applications of the EHR in various sectors of the Health industry.

Though Ontario has been lagging behind in the implementation of the EMR and Electronic Health Records, currently it has successfully implemented the EMR clinical software that is applied to develop a patient-specific electronic health record and computerize the clinical duties of a doctor in practice (Jerome, 2012). The application that features in the software includes a facts depository, an electronic graph, medical notes, collective patient profile, electronic instruction within drug database, incorporated lab outcomes, and reports. Other applications that feature in the software are electronic analytical imaging application, medical patient’s alerts, recovery organization, a medical reporting equipment, attached or scanned pictures, or documents. The interface for adjusting medical facts with patients’ devices has products such as patient profile for individual service concerning arrangement; health record screening or contemporary laboratory test outcome recovery (Glaser, 2011).

The future of eHealth in Ontario by this year has created some strategic milestones and prospects in the health industry. Some of them include the silos information and insufficient professionals, the patients are clients of healthcare delivery and, therefore, more concerned about health. Besides, patient’s individual service has emerged a practical alternative for customs duties like setting schedules or supervising specific elements of a continual illness. Similarly, the Electronic medical applications are in applied in the field of concern and are vital, the unseen elements in the provision of almost all medical services (Homer, 2005). Moreover, the medical institutions create a wide application of mobile devices to access information required at the time they need it despite the location (Glaser, 2011). The clinicians have shifted from the attitude of recalling information to regularly consulting a device and on-line software to sort for examinations, evaluate test outcomes, process a diagnosis, choose the suitable plan, program cure, and stipulate prescription.

According to Homer (2005), the healthcare institutions do not need to be in a similar area because the patient to be medicated has to stipulate diagnosis or even provides various elements of concern. Besides, the above prospects in the implementation of the Electronic Health Record system, several policies such as IT fitting in delicate Care are being implemented because of the system (Glaser, 2011). Currently, every province is focused toward the completion of a range of applications intended for improving patient concern, admission to facts, and medical outcomes. While the IT experts such as application developers, database administrators, and technical experts ease the function and operations of the programs, the health experts are eventually liable for the suitable application and direct outcomes.

Medical and clerical programs where hospitals that are more Canadian located in Ontario have computerized the majority elements of the main medical and managerial procedures (Glaser, 2011). Core medical systems comprise Pharmacy and Laboratory schemes and order interactions. More also, the implementation of Pharmacy/ Drug Information Systems to the Canadian Hospitals should be carried out. Currently, more than 400 Canadian hospitals account an occurrence of Pharmacy Information Systems (Marion, 2013).The temporary Drug Information Systems are being planned and developed. Medical experts’ note the Electronic Health Record (EHR) procedures are capable saving lives, minimizes medical costs, and improve patient service. The EHR minimized waiting periods for the patients thus, the patients no longer have to wait in long queues for medical services. Most of the services such as bookings can be accessed online.

Similarly, data about the drug prescription, diagnosis, and previous patients records would be easy to access since the data is stored in the applications. There are also minimized cases of health care duplication or unwanted medical examinations. The EHR has also reduced the instances of wrong drug prescription, or double drug directives would be minimized since the applications contain the appropriate drug prescription for all the illnesses. Besides, the entire medical services delivery would improve. Lastly, the doctor’s diagnosis and service is made faster and easier since the required information is available.

3.2 Challenges

The greatest problems facing the medical organizations during the implementation of the Electronic Health Record system is the inability to employ and preserve IT and eHealth experts. According to the Branham Group Inc., (2007), a broad scarcity in both HI and HIM classes and the resources restrictions create a substantial problem for the organizations capable of delivering aggressive monetary payment compared to the personal division.

Although, due to contemporary economic crisis and uncertainty in the workplace, most institutions realized that the communal sector learns to provide greater job stability (Homer, 2005). The economic crisis might present an opportunity for attracting large numbers of experts and applications. In the context of health informatics careers, it is very hard to recruit people with the correct stability of information management, facts technology, and medical information skills. Similarly, finding the correct resource is also difficult because of the limited resources pools are all currently employed.

In the context of experts linked with Electronic Health, medical care organizations prefer services of external experts. However, the expenditure of employing experts has increased the organizations’ budgets, leading to inability to recruit sufficient experts to fill the required positions.

According to Glaser (2011), inadequate IT teaching, stiff training ways that are unfit for person knowledge requirements, insufficient recruitment balance to recruit in the medical areas, and inadequate of knowledge about computers by health care experts are the fundamental issues that have led to the challenges faced by the organizations. Lastly, the general turnover in the IT sector that is a hindrance in the enhancement of technology principals and proficiency sets are also crucial issues. Inadequate IT project executives and team with the necessary commerce and trade division knowledge and IT incorporation skills are issues that have immensely contributed to organizational challenges (Glaser, 2011). Organizations face many limitations such as funding scarcity, sluggish implementation of Electronic Health applications by nurses, and inadequate talented human resources. Amid these limitations still at hand in the Ontario Medical Care surrounding, it has been tough to realize the pledge of full medical system change.

Recommendations/Way Forward

Professionals in medical structures support the medical structure and its adjustments. To achieve this directive, the experts require facts and information on the medical system (Marc, 2004). Skills are needed for the supply of the data includes statistical analysis, biomedical sciences, data modeling, and health information sciences. Therefore, the IT experts should incorporate the skills so that the reforms in the health care become successful.

Secondly, the academic curriculum for both HIM and HI experts should tackle the enlarged and altering duties presently being achieved in the medical institutions.The curriculum should provide sufficient training and tackle the varying duties being fulfilled in medical organizations (Jerome, 2012). More also, curriculum needs to grant sufficient guidance in plan management, procedure management, technology systems, message and appearance skills.

As the medical care scheme changes to an incorporated, faultless service deliverance model within the range of medical care, eHealth experts have to obtain information on the structure in the health care and to appreciate the practical terminology of technology. According to Marc (2004), the experts’ fundamental design and the scheme are interrelated. It entails accepting technological advancements like rational record and data depot, their arrangement and how fact is kept and recovered, and diverse methods to apply in supervision and use large quantities of patient information. As the medical service delivery move from hospitals into the society, understanding the eHealth applications as a significant portion of the medical service liberation model requires to be an element of the learning of HIM and HI expert (Marc, 2004).

For the organizations to attain the existing claim for HIM and HI experts there is a method of presenting substitute systems apart from the customary education curriculum such as Improved Certificate programs, specialized masters programs and short courses (Homer, 2005). Another method for delivering advanced and core training for HIM and HI experts currently attained by eLearning programs (Homer, 2005). As the foundation of health, understanding improves, and the spot for medical service delivery alterations, the channel for introducing latest curriculum and teaching techniques makes Electronic Learning a striking substitute (Jerome, 2012).

Elearning has an obligation as a portion of the merged education policy, and study has depicted that not only cheap but also improves the learner’s satisfaction is positive (Jerome, 2012). Besides, the clinicians should recognize the original cost savings and advanced medical results, nurses should have the ability to control these applications alone; with the awareness, education, and possessions to be effective.

4. Conclusion

Healthcare Institutions and organizations are largely involved in the EHR development in Ontario. They are tasked with developing the HER policy as well as play other vital roles. For example, the healthcare institutions consolidated abilities with the eHealth Ontario and replaced Smart Systems for Health Agency that had been obligated to create the practical infrastructure. The public health agencies create awareness and support through expertise to improve the health industry and ensure that the implementations process move as planned. More also, the public health agencies also educate it members about the applications of the EHR in various sectors of the Health industry. These organizations and institutions carry the credit for the prospects of the HER progress. Finally, they are also expected to play a key role in tackling the identified challenges by implementing various recommendations.

References

Branham Group Inc., (2007). The results are reported in eHealth in Canada: Building

Momentum,Care Work.

Glaser, P. (2011). The Strategic Application of Information Technology in Health Care

Organizations. (3ed.), Jossey- Bassy

HIMSS. (2013). Preparing for success in Healthcare Information and Management

Systems. The CPHIMS Review Guide. (2ed.). HIMSS

Homer, W. (2005). Medical Informatics: A Real Discipline.. Journal of the American

Medical Informatics Association, 2 (4): 150-260.

Jerome, A. (2012). Improving Outcomes with Clinical Decision Support. An

Implementer’s Guide, (2nd ed.). HIMSS

Marc B. (2004). Health Information Management: Integrating Information Technology in

Health Routledge Health Management Series.2004.

Marion, J. (2013). Introduction to Nursing Informatics, (3ed). Health Informatics Series.

Springer- Verlag.