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# Econometrics Essay Example

- Category:Macro & Microeconomics
- Document type:Math Problem
- Level:Undergraduate
- Page:2
- Words:794

P_{t }= 5.50 – 1.72R_{t }+ 0.001Y_{t}

The constant residential house price index for Brisbane is 5.50. So even if the mortgage rate (per cent per annum) and the state final demand are zero, the residential house price index for Brisbane would be 5.50.

The mortgage rate (per cent per annum) reduces the residential house price index for Brisbane by a factor of 1.72. A unit increase in the mortgage rate (per cent per annum) would cause the residential house price index for Brisbane to go down by 1.72, holding the state final demand constant. The reverse is also true. The sign is a true reflection of the state given that a rise in the mortgage rate would make it more expensive for buyers to take up the mortgage, and thereby reduce the demand for houses.

The state final demand raises the residential house price index for Brisbane by a factor of 0.001. A unit increase in the state final demand would cause the residential house price index for Brisbane to go up by 0.001, holding the mortgage rate (per cent per annum) constant. The reverse is also true. The sign is a true reflection of the state given that higher demand is expected to cause a rise in the demand for houses.

The above graph indicates that as the state final demand for houses in Brisbane increases, the house prices also increase.

Using the critical value approach,

:

:

Test statistic used is:

The test statistic is normally distributed with

degrees of freedom.

The Computed t-ratio (gretl) = -1.89

The Critical t-ratio () = -2.01

Given that -1.894 > 2.012, we reject the null hypothesis and conclude that the mortgage rate is a significant predictor.

The Computed t-ratio (gretl) = -14.00

The Critical t-ratio () = 2.01

Given that 14.00 > 2.01, we reject the null hypothesis and conclude that the state final demand is a significant predictor.

-1.72 ± 2.01(0.91) = -3.56 , 0.11

P_{t }= 5.50 – 1.72(7)_{}+ 0.001(80000) = 73.46

LogP_{t }= -7.48 – 0.01R_{t }+ 1.12Y_{t}

The model indicates that the constant residential house price index for Brisbane is -7.48. This means that even if the mortgage rate (per cent per annum) and the state final demand are zero, the residential house price index for Brisbane would be -7.48.

The mortgage rate (per cent per annum) reduces the residential house price index for Brisbane by a factor of 0.01. If there is a unit increase in the mortgage rate (per cent per annum), the residential house price index for Brisbane would go down by 0.01, holding the state final demand constant. The reverse is also true. The sign is a true reflection of the state given that a rise in the mortgage rate would make it more expensive for buyers to take up the mortgage, and thereby reduce the demand for houses.

The state final demand raises the residential house price index for Brisbane by a factor of 1.12. If there is a unit increase in the state final demand, the residential house price index for Brisbane would go up by 1.12, holding the mortgage rate (per cent per annum) constant. The reverse is also true. The sign is a true reflection of the state given that higher demand is expected to cause a rise in the demand for houses.

The graph is a straight line rising from the left to the right, indicating that as the state final demand for houses in Brisbane goes up, the house prices also increase.

To test the individual significance of the slope coefficients, the computed t-ratio is compared to the critical t-ratio. Using the critical value approach,

:

:

Test statistic used is:

The test statistic is normally distributed with

degrees of freedom.

The table below summarises the individual significance of the slope coefficients.

The Computed t-ratio (gretl) = -1.89

The Critical t-ratio () = 2.01

Given that 1.894 > 2.012, we reject the null hypothesis and conclude that the mortgage rate is a significant predictor.

The Computed t-ratio (gretl) = -1.62

The Critical t-ratio () = 2.01

Given that -1.62 > -2.01, we reject the null hypothesis and conclude that the state final demand is a significant predictor.

Using the critical value approach,

:

:

Test statistic used is:

The test statistic is normally distributed with

degrees of freedom.

Computed t-ratio (gretl) = 16.55

Critical t-ratio () = 2.410

Since 16.55

2.41, we reject the null hypothesis and conclude that Log(Y) is a significant predictor.

1.12 ± 2.01(0.07) = 0.98 , 1.25

Pt = 5.50 – 1.62(7) + 0.001(4.903) = -18.80

The figure is -18.80, which is far less of what we got in Part I.

References

Black et al (2012), Australasian Business Statistics, 3rd ed, John Wiley & Sons Australia.