Draft Essay Example
Assessment 3 Draft 1: Gig economy
1. ‘Gig economy’ definition
Gig economy refers to a labour market that is dominated by freelance work and short-term contracts rather than the traditional full-time and pensionable employment. It provides greater level of flexibility in respect to the work hours yet also provides very limited workplace protection. The gig economy, as a result, consists of independent contract whereby a free agent is paid for a specific job done, including a car ride, rather than a regular wage at the end of the month.
The key elements that define a gig economy are time, length of contract, and level of control over the tasks and time. In a gig economy, people work flexible hours. Regarding control, the worker maintains a higher control on the number of tasks at what time. Regarding the length of contrast, workers work on short-term contracts.
2. The Mythical Business
Gari refers to an on-demand transportation service that operates in the taxi sector. Gari’s business model makes it easy for customers to use their smart phones to hail a taxi to carry them to their location in a time efficient and cost-efficient manner. It is made up or a ride-sharing mobile app that matches users to a driver heading to their destination. Gari fits the phenomenon of a ‘gig economy’ as our business model intends that we only work with independent contractors and freelances who are paid strictly per passenger ride. Overall, we are a technology company, instead of a transportation company, and simply use the mobile app to connect freelance drivers to passengers for small fee. A major constraint is that our firm is still a start-up business that still operates locally. The central staff is made up of 7 workers. While the gig workers are about 62. We communicate with the freelance workers through the apps and emails.
Individual-level Indicators of Performance
The two important individual-level indicators of performance for Gari include organizational citizenship behaviour (OCB) and task performance. Task performance is relevant as it is the expected behaviour that a worker would show while providing services, and which indirectly support the core technical processes. Organizational citizenship behaviours, on the other hand, are behaviours that indirectly encourage effective organizational functioning (Liu 745-6).
They are both significant, as Gari’s workers acknowledge that when they improve their performance, they would be considered to be competent and would as a result impress the customers rather than the organization. As a result, they would make more money by having return customers. Indeed, in a gig economy, employees tend to be disposed to exhibit job performance behaviours as a result of their desire to improve their self-image.
5. (a) Ideal Personality Profile
“Conscientiousness” is the ideal personality profile for gig workers that Gari targets through its mobile app. It refers to a personality profile that indicates a high level of punctuality, organization, dependability and orientation toward achievement. It is vital for gig economy as it can uniformly provide a prediction on the high performance of a worker in many freelance jobs. In addition to being great work performers, they are highly motivated, tend to show low levels of absenteeism, and show high degree of sensitivity to safety at work. These traits are relevant to Gari, as the business requires workers who are self-motivated and need no supervision, show low levels of absenteeism as their earnings depend on the amount of work they do, oriented toward safety as driving passengers would require that their safety is upheld.
Liu, Wei. «Employee self-enhancement motives and job performance behaviors: investigating the moderating effects of employee role ambiguity and managerial perceptions of employee commitment.» Journal Of Applied Psychology, 92.3 (2007): 745-756.
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