DNA EVIDENCE AND VERDICT ON COURTS Essay Example

  • Category:
    Law
  • Document type:
    Essay
  • Level:
    Undergraduate
  • Page:
    1
  • Words:
    463

DNA Evidence and Verdict on Courts

DNA evidence and Verdict on Courts

Human beings are made up of different genes containing molecules which help in the functioning of the system they may include RNA (ribonucleic acid) and DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) which is self-replicating. RNA just like DNA is always present in any living cell whose principal role is to receive and transmit information from its counter pert DNA. Genetic information in the living organisms is in most cases carried by DNA because chromosomes are its main constituents’. This paper explores more about DNAs in the courts of law and the impact on verdicts.

DNA shreds of evidence are the most influential and great way of proving an individuals’ innocence or guilt. This is because it will be hard for the criminal to lie to the authorities since the sample tested is part of his system. In some instances, cases requiring DNA tests, involve child claim and more often sexual assaults (Staba, 2007). DNA evidence points exactly at the criminal; it ultimately confirms if the accused is innocent or guilty. For instance, a Texas man was sentenced to 99 years imprisonment. He was charged with raping and murdering a minor. But later after a DNA test and additional evidence he was found innocent and set free (Forensic outreach, 2016).

Also, Governor George Ryan of Illinois applied the DNA test in the year 1998 on the inmate’s awaiting their death penalties. When the results came out it was clear that at least 13 of them were not guilty, and thus needed exoneration. He then placed executions on a moratorium, and the study results recommended more ways with DNA test being the core method of preventing innocent deaths (Forensic outreach, 2016). Furthermore, in the year 1994, a woman was convicted for strangling her own daughter who was 13 at the moment. Later in the Year 2007, she was released after a DNA test confirmed that she is innocent. Despite the period in between (1994-2007), her conviction, in the end, was overturned (Staba, 2007).

It is clear about how important the DNA results can lead to true verdicts in courtrooms. With DNA tests the number of innocent convictions has been reduced. Innocent deaths like those which would have happened in Illinois have been prevented and thus re-united the victims with their families after exoneration. No matter how long the results may take before they come out, at last justice is always served. Therefore, DNA tests in courts should be embraced and be protected by law to give true verdicts to the accused

References

Forensic Outreach Team. (2016). 5 Real-Life Cases Where DNA Profiling Change Everything. Retrieved from http://forensicoutreach.com/library/5-real-life-cases-where-dna-profiling-changed-everything/

Staba, D. (2007). DNA Evidence Frees a Woman Convicted of Killing Her Daughter. New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2007/11/29/nyregion/29mother.html?_r=0