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Discuss the impact of globalization on multicultural and global forms of citizenship Essay Example

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Discuss the impact of globalization on multicultural and global forms of citizenship

Discuss the impact of globalization on multicultural and global forms of citizenship

Globalization is the international integration that is attributed to the interchange of world ideas economically, socially, politically and culturally. On the other hand, multiculturalism seeks to foster cultural pluralism and remove the barriers associated with race religion, politics and culture in general. Citizenship has both legal and democratic connotations, a citizen has rights, obligations and must demonstrate allegiance to a specific country which retains power over the citizenry by the virtue of being a citizen and having the rights that are shared by all members of that state. Globalization has had an impact on multicultural, and this shapes the various global forms of citizens. Globalization unifies the world and removes cultural boundaries hence making global citizenship a reality
(Arneil, 2007). There has been an increase in migration, and this has been attributed to globalization and with the world converging cultural constraints are being utilized for a common global goal. Thus, there is an impact of globalization on and global citizenship and multicultural concepts.

Impacts of globalization on multicultural concepts and global forms of citizenship

Globalization has had a major impact on multiculturalism having that individuals who seek to travel to foreign countries don’t need translators unlike before. Almost everybody has the ability to communicate in more than four languages, and this has made it easier for global citizenship having that people can associate and blend in with a lot of ease. Unlike when people used to use translators globalization brings a new concept and mutual trust when you communicate to your students and even business associates. Though a blessing globalization has harnessed cultures, and this has seen dominant cultures dominate over the others and with time, some cultures may be vanquished totally.

Globalization has had a major impact on the various forms of global citizenship as it has made access to information and travelling much easier unlike the ancient days when communication and transportation hindered global migrations. Global citizenship has become a phenomenon over the years as individuals seek to reside in the social, economic and political stable environment. Globalization has been attributed to cultural sensitivity being witnessed all over the globe as individuals seek a common ground. Globalization makes countries become culturally diverse, and this has been attributed to migrations from different countries all over the world and these migrations brought about issues that strained their social frameworks. There were tensions and hostilities between the native population and immigrants and between various immigrant groups. Global citizenship consequently brought about the need for minorities to be recognized while the native populations wanted to hold on to their dominance and cultural values (
Noddings, 2005).

Some global citizen has been major beneficiaries of globalization in that they hardly experience any difficulties residing outside their countries this is as a result of many multinationals producing standardized products for global use. We may feel the need to mergea and should always understand the importance of holding on to our sense of belonging when with other people as this helps appreciate our cultures because the effects of globalization are real and they may make one to be detached from the community completely.

Each cultural setup has a specific military, political, religion, economic and social structures which are significant and helps distinguish different cultures but globalization has brought about a new class of social, political and economic systems that are being practiced all over the world and this clearly illustrates the effects of globalization and its dominance in the cultures of the world. Globalization has impacted various learning institutions all over the world, and this has attributed to a surge in international students seeking education in foreign countries without having the fear of the various cultural differences in the world. Most institutions of higher learning have programs and systems in place to cater for the differences that may accrue from the various concepts of culture
(Fowers et al., 2006).

The various concepts of multiculturalism help in understanding cultures better and seeking common ground for better understanding of global citizens. Most individuals identify themselves through this concepts that are central to their cultural backgrounds. Individuals are defined by their culture through their various beliefs, morals, values, race, religion, political, gender and social views and they in turn help in defining each culture and the various differences.

Globalization transcends race, ethnic religion and social boundaries and brings about global citizenship where political, economic and social ideas are shared without limitations. Multiculturalism has been as a direct result of globalization and has provided solutions to minority groups that need recognition and respect of their cultures and social values. Therefore, it does not seek to incorporate them into society, but to maintain the cultural diversities they represent, and this plays a major role in making people of different cultures loyal to a specific country (
Modood, 2010)

The concept racial identity

Racial identity is a concept of multicultural that states that everybody is inherently born with specific race and physical features. This features have an important role in determining culture and help distinguish them from other global cultures. Therefore, racial identity is often used to distinguish individuals based on skin color (Shove, 2003). For example, we have Caucasians, African Americans, and Arabs, and they are easily distinguished through racial identities. We have seen minority groups undergo segregation more so in the US and South Africa, and it’s only through political globalization that these groups got reprieve. Racial identity is multicultural and inherent thus they can’t be changed nor can they be altered.

Racial identity often brings about dominance, mistreatment, and cruelty as a result of having a different skin color. Before globalization black people were not allowed to drink, eat and use the same restrooms, and this was as a result of the concept of racial identity. Racial identity is associated with ethnocentric views of their culture and Caucasian Americans have always felt threatened by anything or anyone who is different. Due to globalization countries have advanced politically, and racial identity has been harnessed due to global citizenship that advocates for cultural sensitivity through multiculturalism
(Modood, 2010).

Despite the world having globalized ideas, we have seen countries like the US have individuals who still use racial identity to mistreat and torment others. Some stereotypes associated with racial identity are misplaced. For example in the US, it is irrelevant for individuals to claim that there are more blacks in jail than there are in college that is nonfactual and misplaced

Cultural identity

Cultural identity seeks to identify an individual’s race, ethnicity, religion, morals, cultural beliefs and social values. And this seeks to understand the uniqueness of each culture. Race is mostly used to define cultures all over the world and their specific differences. Cultural. Cultural identity gives a person a sense of belonging and a self-perception to ethnicity, nationality, religion and social class (Shove, 2003).Cultural identity is divisive in nature having that it seeks to preserve cultures through the various differences is detrimental in globalized communities where global citizenship is shared. Different countries provide frameworks for cultural identities that influence the internal cultural realities of its citizens. Cultural identity helps individuals imitate and follow specific cultures, for example, African Americans are known to identify themselves with hip-hop and basketball. Cultural complexities determine the way people operate within cultural realities, and this has majorly been triggered by the rapid changes being witnessed due to globalization.

Cultural identities have helped shape the education system which has brought about the idea of multicultural education that seek to maintain the relevance of specific cultures in the world. More and more students are being encouraged to embrace other cultures by taking classes that will help them understand other cultures in a global context. Cultural identities have had major negative impacts on some cultures and global citizenship. Cultural identity has brought about marginalization and perceptions which have major affected global citizenship through migration
(Modood, 2010). Recently Africans all over the world were being stereotyped due to the Ebola menace and some were denied access to some countries while those who are global citizens were being treated with suspicion. Due to cultural identities black people in general are associated with cheap labour, and this saw countries like Australia deny non-Caucasians like Indians and black entry into their countries. This kind of stereotypes has been majorly associated with cultural identities that classify our communities.

The concept of global citizenship has been advanced by technology in that people moving freely more so to developed countries. Education is being offered on a global basis hence students can freely access standardized education all over the world. The concept of cultural identity has seen Muslims being perceived as terrorist due to the fact that most Muslims are terrorists and thus this is a fallacy that is being advanced by cultural identities. Through these concepts, Indians have been known to live in one locality even in foreign lands because they easily identify themselves with their fellow Indians, unlike other cultures.

Ethnicity refers to the cultural uniqueness of a social group, and there are ethnic communities more so in third world countries which haven’t been affected by the effects of globalization as such. Ethnicity has been on the rise in these countries, and these have been fueled by globalization in that most of these countries feel that globalization is a western culture and therefore they are not compelled to adopt it (Shove, 2003). Ethnicity has always been associated with inequalities and conflicts in many parts of the world. Ethnicity shapes the economic and political landscapes in some countries. We have seen instances where students have groups of ethnic concentrations. These ethnic groups are often considered to be minorities, and they have been linked to poverty and crime for example Mexicans and Porto Ricans in the US are known to be often violated and poor. Consequently, there has been no changes I this ethnic groups as globalization has had a major impact as such

Ethnicity is the disastrous in many nations in the world, people have been displaced; property destroyed all because of ethnicity and the misunderstandings that arise from it. Hence, globalization will help harness the ethnic differences in the world and make global citizenship more accessible in that most of this ethnic perceptions and identities have seen countries impose strict rules for immigrants from specific ethnic groups.

Religion concept is a system of beliefs and practices and people often turn to religion to understand better how they can be bound to the world that changing on a daily basis due to globalization. Globalization has seen religion become a worldwide phenomenon having that some churches have branches all over the globe with the aim of fostering the various religious beliefs. Globalization brings about pluralism that helps religions with different ethnic and interests interact with others more freely. Globalization has had a major influence on how different dominions relate unlike the past where they were marred with endless chaos and accusations (Rosoff, 2003).

Though globalization having a major impact on religion, it has brought about false prophets and greedy religious leaders. Global citizenship has been hindered by religion in that despite of globalization, religion has strict cultural guidelines to be observed more so in Muslim countries therefore global citizenship is majorly affected in that this individuals don’t have the freedom to enjoy globalization and its benefits. For example in some Arab countries, women are not allowed to drive, and this hinders global citizenship in that women don’t prefer going those countries because of the serious cultural and religious constraints. There is a need to advance the idea of freedom of worship and the importance of not having a religion confine people into some beliefs.

Global citizenship and globalization

Global citizens always identify themselves with global communities above their countries of origin. This individual have been influenced and affected by globalization having that they believe an individual’s identity goes beyond geographical and political borders. Global citizenship has influenced how we perceive education and various political ideologies. Globalization has brought about world citizens who prefer specific countries to others. Globalization has impacted global citizenship in that there has been a rise in individuals favoring universal rights, and this has been as a result of globalization. Global citizenship is influenced by capitalism that influences efficiency and utilitarianism.

Political multicultural global citizenship

Globalization has impacted the idea of global citizen which has brought about the need to harness political boundaries and have a world state. Globalization has also brought about education aimed at global citizenship that will enable them in dealing with the world and making it a more suitable place. Global citizenship looks beyond national and geographical boundaries and thus helps students in institutions of higher learning overcome cultural challenges and stereotypes about other countries and their cultural beliefs (
Hahn, 2001).

Global citizenship seeks to underline the importance of collectiveness and togetherness. Illustrate the disparities in this world we live in and how best we should overcome the challenges. Global citizenship seeks to overwrite the old form of citizenship and how globalization is a driving force on a global scale. Globalization gives a perception that global citizenship brings about a set of global interests shared by many. Through global citizenship there is sustainability, human rights and economic stability therefore students should be linked through technology that in turn will create an international network that nurtures the idea of a global community.

Technology being a process of migration has help link systems all over the world and thus global citizens always have access to information from any place in the world. Travelling has been made easier as the system is linked all over the world. Groups with global interests are establishing bases all over the continent with the aim of advancing the idea of a global community.

Global citizenship has become contentious as many worry that it’s compatible with national citizenship and contradictory in nature and this is a clear sign that the impacts of globalization are worrying hence they are being approached with caution. Global citizenship has increased the need for global education as students seek to learn new skills from diverse and technical countries which have left most local institutions deviate from its normal culture to counter the demand for global education
(Golmohamad, 2008).

Some international institutions enjoy freedom, and they are free from interference hence this has thus globalization has impacted the world society in that there are institutions that are more powerful than individual sovereign states
(Anghie, 2005). These institutions enjoy the benefits of globalization on a global scale, but they tend to portray an image of imperial powers. They have demand and conditions that contradict the sovereignty of a particular country, and their decisions may be costly to other nations. They limit globalization as some countries are prohibited from enjoying globalization benefits to the maximum. For example the UN limits manufacture of nuclear bombs to specific countries (Rosoff, 2003).

Moral multiethnic global citizenship

For moral values to be considered effective, they must be accepted by all in a global context (Audrey & Starkey 2005). This present challenges as world ethics supersede individual moral ethics, and this is a clear indication of the major impact globalization has had on the forms of global citizenship. On the other hand, research has shown that human rights don’t reach the general global ethic.

Economic cosmopolitan global citizenship

The combination of universality and generality with individualism has brought about has brought about economic neoliberalism and capitalism. Economic cosmopolitan global citizenship does not have respect for morals and is more detached from human nature. Social responsibilities from economic global citizenship clearly show how the economy does not respect moral values and thus the need for a mandatory social program to cater for that aspect.

Aesthetic-cultural multicultural global citizenship

This form of multiethnic global citizenship has led to a growth in global civil society movements which are spread all over the world. This disregard for state boundaries is referred to as anarcho-cosmopolitanism, having that their objectives confirm with the various cosmopolitan values and ideas.

These social movements have been known to influence how nations conduct their business, and some have been accused of wanting to overthrow the various governments more so in third world countries. Hence, this form of global citizenship should be put in check to curb a disregard for the law under the pretense of social societies (
Noddings, 2005).

Conclusion

Globalization has had a major impact on our cultures, and there is a need to come up with ways to regulate the impact of globalization of cultures. Globalization should be monitored and observed having that it’s not only depleting our cultures but distancing individuals from humanity. Globalization has both positive and negative impacts, and the involved governments and institutions should seek a balance between the two. Globalization has been attributed to many negative effects which is a worrying trend in our societies.

I am of the opinion that traditional values and cultures should be advocated, and a limitation should be put on the extent to which globalization may be used in our social lives. Globalization is making human being lazy by the day, and controlling globalization will go a long way in sustaining our values.

Global citizenship should be advocated for in institutions of higher learning to instill values, knowledge and skills based on respect for human rights, social justice, diversity gender and environmental sustainability aimed at empowering the students to be responsible global citizens. Global citizenship overlooks the importance of respecting the local values and only advocates for better global citizenship which is detrimental in that the nation’s shared beliefs and values may be depleted
(Abdi et al., 2008).

Reference

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Anghie, A. 2005. Imperialism, sovereignty and the making of international law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Arneil, B. 2007. Global Citizenship and Empire. Citizenship Studies, 11(3), 301-328. Audrey Osler and Hugh Starkey 2005 Changing citizenship democracy and inclusion in education

Banks, J. A. 2008. Citizenship Education and Diversity: Implications for Teacher Education. In M. Peters, A. Britton & H. Blee Global citizenship education: philosophy, theory and pedagogy (pp. 317-331). Rotterdam: Sense.

Fowers, B. J., and Davidov, B. J. 2006. The virtue of multiculturalism: personal transformation, character, and openness to the other.American Psychologist, 61, 581-594

Golmohamad, M. 2008. Global Citizenship: From Theory to Practice, Unlocking Hearts and Minds. In M. Peters, A. Britton & H. Blee (Eds.), Global citizenship education: philosophy, theory and pedagogy (pp. 519-533). Rotterdam: Sense.

Hahn, C. L. 2001. Democratic understanding: Cross-national perspective. Theory into Practice, 14-22.

Modood, T. 2010.Multiculturalism: Themes for the 21st Century Series. Oxford: John Wiley and Sons

Nieto, S. 2002.Language, culture, and teaching: Critical perspectives for a new century. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Noddings, N 2005.Educating Citizens for Global Awareness. New York: Teachers College Press.

Peters-Davis, Norah, et al, 2005. Challenges of MulticulturalEducation: Teaching and Taking Diversity Courses.Taos, NM: Paradigm Publications.

Pauline Kleingeld 2011 Kant and Cosmopolitanism The Philosophical Ideal of World Citizenship Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ramsey, Patricia G, 2004. Teaching and Learning in a Diverse World: Multicultural Education for Young Children. New York: Teachers College Press.

Rosoff, R. 2003. ‘Corporate Responses to Human Rights’. Corporate Citizenship and Human Rights.

Schattle, Hans. 2007. The Practices of Global Citizenship. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Schattle, Hans. 2009. «Global Citizenship in Theory and Practice.» InThe Handbook of Practice and Research in Study Abroad:Higher Education and the Quest for Global Citizenship, ed. R. Lewin. New York: Routledge Shove, E. 2003. ,Changing human behaviour and lifestyle: a challenge for sustainable consumption?’ Department of Sociology, University of Lancaster