Deviant or criminal? Essay Example

Title: Crime And Deviance

Crime and deviance

Crime and deviance are closely related terms that people tend to confuse a number of times. Crime refers to a behavior that breaks the law in one way or the other while deviance refers to behaviors that differ from the norms that are socially accepted (Study, 2015). However, when deviant behaviors tend to break laws, they are considered crimes. An act of crime is punishable by law while an act of deviance is only punishable if it breaks the law. The following are scenarios of when an act may be considered legal or deviant and when it cannot (Crossman, 2015).

Getting married:

To someone 20 years older

When it becomes deviant
 The society generally expects a man to marry a woman who is younger than them. It therefore becomes deviant for a man to marry a woman who is twenty years older than he is. Most societies also expect men to marry women who are slightly younger than them. I difference of twenty years is generally considered peculiar, but not deviance (Boundless, 2015).

When it becomes criminal
Marrying someone who is older than your by twenty years is not considered criminal because is is not unlawful. However, the act only becomes criminal when there is a law broken. For instance, if the marriage was forced or out of the consent of either party, it will be regarded unlawful and in that respect, criminal.

To a blood relative
When its both deviant and criminal

Such a marriage may be considered both deviant and criminal if a man forcefully marries a a woman who is twenty years older than he is (Hammond & Cheney, 2015).

When its neither a crime nor a deviance

Such a marriage is neither criminal nor deviant if a woman willingly marries a man who is twenty years than she is.

Drinking alcohol At 6am
While driving

When it becomes deviant
 Drinking alcohol at 6 am is deviant because the society expects an individual to be getting ready for the day’s errands. However, such an act is not criminal. Drinking while driving at any time is illegal, hence criminal because it goes against the laws of the state.

When its both deviant and criminal
Drinking alcohol at 6 am while driving is considered both criminal and default because in this case, a law has been broken and a social norm has been broken as well at the same time.

When its neither a crime nor a deviance

Drinking alcohol is not considered deviant when it’s done in the evening after a day’s work or during weekends. It is not criminal if a person drinks and then drives when he or she is sober. Driving and then later drinking is also neither deviant nor criminal.

Watching an x-rated movie While children are present Alone at home
In the theatre

 When it becomes deviant
It is deviant for children to watch such movies because the society perceive them as ruining good morals of the children.

When it becomes criminal
However, it only becomes illegal and criminal if there are rules made up that should be followed at home in regard to children watching such movies.

When its both deviant and criminal
it is both criminal and deviant for children to watch the movies if there are rules in regard to the same and if there are norms in the society that are against the children watching of the x-rated movies.

When its neither a crime nor a deviance

It is neither criminal nor deviant for children to watch x-rated movies if there are no rules that discourage the act and if there are norms in the society that are against the act.

References

Boundless. (2015). Deviance refers to behaviors that violate social norms. Retrieved November 24, 2015, from https://www.boundless.com/sociology/textbooks/boundless-sociology-textbook/deviance-social-control-and-crime-7/deviance-59/deviance-362-4916/

Crossman, A. (2015). Sociology Of Deviance And Crime. Retrieved November 24, 2015, from sociology.about.com: http://sociology.about.com/od/Disciplines/a/Sociology-Of-Deviance-Crime.htm

Hammond, R., & Cheney, P. (2015). Introduction to Sociology. Retrieved November 24, 2015, from Chapter 08 — Deviance and Crime: http://freesociologybooks.com/Introduction_To_Sociology/08_Deviance_and_Crime.php

Study. (2015). Deviance in Sociology: Definition, Theories & examples. Retrieved November 24, 2015, from study.com: http://sociology.about.com/od/Disciplines/a/Sociology-Of-Deviance-Crime.htm