Death Investigation Essay Example

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    Undergraduate
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Death Investigation

In such case, the involved practitioners are forensic anthropologists and forensic pathologists. The forensic analyzes the human remains to assist in crime detection through assessing the age, sex, stature, ancestry, and unique features of the body, which include documentation of trauma to the skeleton and associated post-mortem interval. After completing the taphonomic documentation, which involves noting down the condition of the body for provision of clues, on the duration, it has taken there, and what happened since death, the body has to be processed for skeletal examination. The final authority comes from the forensic pathologists as they sub specialize in the borderline between the law and medicine as they focus on the cause of death. To determine identity of the victim and time of death, the forensic pathologists study their medical history, evaluate the scene evidence, and undertake an autopsy in uncovering the evidence from injury or disease, and collection of trace evidence from the body for further analysis.

To establish the cause of death, the lethal chain of events that occurred in the body require analysis. Moreover, the analysis for the biochemical and physiologic abnormality produced by the cause of death and considered incompatible with life need analysis. Secondary effects of the death cause are also important to consider such as the renal, liver, and heart failures through autopsy. It is the responsibility of the forensic pathologists to determine the manner of death, which could be natural, accidental, homicidal, and suicidal. Natural manner of death is the only one caused without the intervention of trauma. To find out if the manner is either suicide or homicide, it is important to establish what causes the death: action of the deceased or someone other than the deceased. The manner of death is never clear; therefore, the forensic pathologists have to consider various information including the police report. Moreover, consideration of the autopsy to reveal the wound pattern and cause of death entry are important. The wound is normally self-inflicted which could lead to suicidal manner of death.

Insects could be used in indicating the drug use through entomotoxicology. In research, “it is clear that you become what you eat”; from such statement, information about a skeletonised body could be retrieved from the insect. The insects normally ingest the toxins from the bones after death including the poisons and drugs. Toxicologists usually analyze the body samples to determine the toxins present in the body during the time of death, then undertake the interpretation for investigation of the death cause (James and Nordby 185). However, the insects normally feed on the body, ingesting the tissues including the chemicals. Therefore, insects, especially the blow fly maggots make excellent alternative toxicological specimen for analysis in similar way they could analyze the human body. Several studies show that insects have the ability of bioaccumulating the ingested chemicals into their tissue, which allows the toxicologists to use them as specimen throughout their lifecycle. As a result, the toxicologists use the maggots, pupae, empty puparial cases, and lites.

Works Cited

, 2005. CRC P
.Forensic Science: An Introduction to Scientific and Investigative TechniquesJames, Stuart H, and Jon J. Nordby.