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Title: Emergency response procedures

Emergency response procedures

In case of an emergency, the emergency procedures are indispensable information to the occupants of the building. All the occupants have to be evacuated to a safe point of assembly.

The authority of the emergency control organization (ECO)

ECO personnel will issue directions to the premise occupants so as to effect their duties to control an incident or even to carry bout an evacuation. These are to the safety and wellbeing of the parties concerned.

According to the Western Australia occupational safety and health act (1984), no person should conduct an act, cause an omission or even countermand a directive where the individual’s personal safety is jeopardized. Thus ECO is vested with the mandate to decide on and act in case of emergency without interruption by anyone. Thus any failure to abide by the ECO rules is counted as a breach of the legislation besides the Australian Standard 3745-2002 section 2.1.2.

Education to employees on fire safety

A supervisor of a workplace is obliged to ensure that all people under their control are educated on the procedures that are to be followed incase of an emergency. Every employee should have the name, telephone contact of the warden in their area of operation. The one in charge should ensure that new workers are shown the positions where fire fighting equipment is kept, the evacuation routes and the location of the assembly point.

Employees should be under instructions in regard to:

  • The procedure in case of fire

  • Ways to escape in case of emergency

  • Location of the fire fighting machines.

  • Procedure of evacuating members of public

  • Where the person is in care or in custody the procedure of conducting the person to an exit, marshalling him/her to a safe zone,

  • The employee workplace health and safety obligations

Workers have to ensure that their health and safety obligations while at work are fully discharged to other people in pursuance to the work place health and safety legislation. Those employees who fail to comply with the workplace health and safety o0bligations are liable for such.

People who fail to comply by the wardens direction, the warden should ensure that such an individual has been clearly advised (twice) and then notify the Chief warden who shall then appropriately advise the senior Emergency Services Officer who may then take the appropriate actions to evacuate him.

Motor vehicle movement during emergency

Motor vehicle may be removed from a car park after the personnel have been evacuated and with the authority of senior Emergency Services Officer or the police.

Raising an Alarm

Incase where the emergency warning systems sounds outside the normal working hours, those workers inside the building should leave their duties and exit via the emergency exit. For other incidents other than the emergency warning system sounding, occupants should activate the emergency warning system through any available means, seek to notify others who are in the area (only where it is safe to do it) besides notifying the relevant Emergency Service on the number “000”

Where the assembly area is in a remote location which places the security of personal safety its always advisable to for the evacuees to stay in a well lit area in a close range to the building where they may convey any relevant information to the emergency service.

Another rule is that do not enter the premises until you are directed that it is safe to do so a senior Emergency services officer.

Emergency control point

This is a designated point where the Chief Warden will give directions to the emergency control operations in the event that an incident impacts on, or could impact on, the safety of the premises occupants.

2. Implementing the procedures

Earth quakes

Normally earth quakes strike unexpectedly. An earth quake has struck and I am part of the control unit of this building. I quickly advise occupants not to run from the buildings: outside the building one may meet falling debris or even power lines. Thus it is safe for them inside the building.

These are the guidelines for personal safety that I have tried to educate occupants with:

  1. Try to be calm

  2. Move far from windows and outside walls

  3. Keep off mirrors, bookcases, light fittings, and other furniture that is likely to fall or even slide

  4. Where possible take cover from the falling debris under a desk or move to an internal load bearing corner of a room and sit down, protect your face and even head.

  5. Avoid using telephone immediately except for serious injury

  6. Avoid sightseeing

  7. Avoid using vehicles except where there are special circumstances that call for this-especially serious injury

After the tremor, look round for any injured people and reassure others in your area

The Chief Warden or his deputy shall call the Emergency Control Organization into action soon after the quake.

Being in the emergency control organization y duties will involve:

  1. Assessment of the damage in the area

    1. Giving first AID to the victims

    2. Notifying the concerned authorities

    3. Initiation of controlled evacuation

    4. Where it is safe, switching off electric power to appliances

    5. Conducting a search in the area when it is safe to do so.

Evaluation of results and recommendations for improvement

When an earthquake strikes, it’s always advisable to leave for an open space. Thus by trying to remain in one place may be detrimental. In many a times, an earth quake comes with a land slide. When this happens the above procedures do not give a solution to this. Besides, it is also accompanied by a storm, tornadoes and many other catastrophes. Many of these are not addressed in the above procedures. Thus this procedure is insufficient when it comes to accompanying catastrophes like land slides. I recommend that when an earth quake happens, the public, and occupants of premises should be told of what is expected of them and when. The government should also be in the forefront by establishing a national disaster management agency that should be mandated to educate the general public.


Emergency management in Australia (2004). Emergency management in Australia: concepts and principles. Sydney: Emergency Management Australia – Victoria

Attorney-General’s Department (2011).Emergency Management in Australian. Australian Emergency Management Institute. Retrieved from: