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Critically discuss the proposition that the rise of China is a security risk to Australia Essay Example

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China’s rise a security Risk to Australia

China raises a security Risk to Australia

The fall of Soviet Union and the Cold War conclusion destabilized the existing structure of global power. Instead, it led to rise of one major superpower, the United States. However, several regional superpowers have risen over time due to the stable global environment and open door policy. China is one of the main regional power that has recorded tremendous growth and changes both economically and politically (Womack 2010, 67). The rise of China has triggered security concerns in East Asia and the world at large. This paper evaluates the proposition that China’s rise is a security risk to Australia.

To begin with, China’s rise is increasing transnational terrorism in Australia, which is its major threat (Taylor 2007, 172). This is highly attributed to China’s expansion of its military power and capabilities. Indeed, China expenditure on military expansion is increasing where it is majorly channelled in developing long-range missiles particularly nuclear weapons, battleships and aircraft carriers. In addition to this, China is involved in exportation of weapons as well as weapons technology to other countries like Iraq, Iran, and Pakistan amongst others (Bernstein1997, 120). The massive spread or transfer of weapons technologies and ideas to Islamic states by China is unquestionable making it simpler and easier for Islamic states to develop nuclear weapons which are very dangerous. As a result, this has culminated into a Confucian-Islamic military capability with mass destruction weapons in their hands. The Muslim extremists are associated with many forms of transnational terrorism present globally of which Australia has been severally an incidental victim. On the other hand, this has intensified violence and insecurity attributed to religious and ethnic hatred in Australia. This violence is also linked to the enhanced information systems and technologies that have altered the traditional economic and political structures. Besides this, the rise of these technologies have led to increase in drug trafficking and cyber-crimes in Australia (Kshetri 2013, 41). China is known for its enormous capacity in innovation of technology across the globe.

The rise of nationalism in China is another cause of alarm to Australia. The Chinese nationalism is claimed to adopt the anti-western stance in its identity (Zhao 2000, 15). This characteristic of Chinese nationalism is considered a security risk not only to the West but also to Australia. The emergence of nationalism in China came in 1989 due to the protest in Tiananmen Square (Zhao 2000, 22). Several countries by then isolated China for its harsh treatment of the pro-democracy demonstrators. For this reason, China nationalism emerged as a campaign against such countries. To date, China advocates for non-Western values is renowned for partnering with countries sharing the same sentiments and tied of the long dominance by the West (Eschenhagen 2006, 25). Therefore, China is in conflict with countries embracing Western values and culture. Australia as a country embracing Western values and culture is under a big security threat from China’s ascendancy as another dominant global power (Taylor 2007, 172).

Furthermore, the economic achievement in China place it amongst the primary competitor of funds, resources and market globally. In turn, this rise of China’s economy has led to internal crisis which make China a burden to other countries globally including Australia. Such crisis includes food crisis, population crisis, environmental crisis and resources crisis. These crises are key indicators of the national security. For instance, the environment crisis is another primary challenge for Australia associated with China’s rise. This has contributed to rising temperatures globally triggering devastating floods, drought, violent storms, water and air pollution, forests loss, biodiversity and increase in toxins into the human food chain. Additionally, there is a growing threat of infectious, virulent diseases spreading quickly due microbes that are drug-resistant like HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis which continue to take an important toll in Australia (Womack 2010, 67).

On the contrary, China’s rise does not pose a security risk to Australia. The existence of one dominant superpower-United States has deprived many countries of their freedom. The US earlier attempted to westernize all countries including China. This hindered unity and patriotism in those countries. By promoting unity and patriotism, countries will develop faster. China’s rise is not a security risk to Australia but a call for it to overcome the aggression and threats from the outside dominant powers. This would enable Australia to unite together, safeguard its identity as well as advance its interests in this turbulent world.

In conclusion, China’s rise poses a significant security risk to Australia. Its weapons proliferation and collaboration with the Islamic states’ are the major causes for alarm to Australia. China is against the western values and culture and hence conflicts with any countries supporting them. Further, other effects of China’s rise like environmental degradation also pose the security risk to Australia.

Reference List:

Bernstein, R. 1997. The coming conflict with China. New York: Vintage Books.

Eschenhagen, P. 2006. Nationalism in China: implications for Chinese international relations.

Norderstedt: GRIN Verlag.

Kshetri, N. 2013. Cybercrime and cyber-security issues associated with China: some economic

and institutional considerations. Electronic Commerce Research 13(1): 41.

Taylor, B. 2007. Australia As an Asia-Pacific Regional Power: Friendships in Flux? New York:

Routledge.

Womack, B. 2010. China’s rise in historical perspective. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield

Publishers.

Zhao, S. 2000. Chinese Nationalism and Its International Orientations. Political Science

Quarterly 115(1): 1–33.