Critical summarries — emergency response Essay Example

Critical summaries – Bush fire emergency response

Queensland Government 2010, Queensland Government Response to the 2009 Victorian Bushfires Royal Commission, viewed 18 July 2014, <https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=7&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CFgQFjAG&url=https%3A%2F%2Fruralfire.qld.gov.au%2FQld-Gov-response-23-12-102.pdf&ei=dw7JU_GaE8zY7Aaf0ICgDA&usg=AFQjCNHwhsOShNrTOtJVJxCQU6gwZLMKGQ&sig2=EI73bNVKgk4UvOXQpQgf6Q&bvm=bv.71198958,d.bGE>

This report contains a detailed response by the Queensland Government to the recommendations presented in an earlier report by the 2009 Victorian Royal Bushfires Commission. Back in 2009, a severe bushfire engulfed parts of the State of Victoria, killing 173 people and causing widespread damage to property and the natural environment. In response to the disaster, the Victorian Royal Bushfires Commission was established. The commission developed a report that contains several far-reaching recommendations that should be considered by different State governments in Australia as a blueprint for reviewing their emergency response policies for bushfires.

It is against this backdrop that this report by the Queensland Government is developed. In general, the report supports the majority of the recommendations provided by the commission. For instance, the need to revise bushfire safety policy, approach to community education and support given to municipal councils has already been realised by the Queensland Government. Also, several recommendations that touch on planning and building as provided in the report are supported in principle by the Queensland Government.

On the other hand, some recommendations that are based on deliberately lit fires, land and fuel management and emergency and incident management are not applicable to Queensland because of specific existing differences between the two States. Therefore, much as the majority of the recommendations provided by the commission are supported by the Queensland Government, some of them require further analysis while others are not supported at all because they are not applicable to Queensland. Therefore, the report is an important guide for improvement in bushfire emergency response plans in Queensland.

Paton D, Kelly G, Burgelt P T & Doherty M 2006, ‘Preparing for bushfires: understanding intentions’, Disaster Prevention and Management, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 566-575.

Essentially, this paper evaluates the role of intentions in shaping the behaviour of individuals in response to bushfires. It tests whether the intention to prepare leads people to adopt protective measures and whether the intention to get information is related to the degree to which individuals adopt protective measures.

A survey was carried out on a sample of 1000 potential respondents drawn from areas of Canberra and Hobart that are considered to be highly risky in relation to bushfires, having experienced fires in 1987 and 2003 respectively. The survey entailed seeking to establish the measure of intention in the form of two important aspects: intention to prepare and intention to search for information. These were evaluated in relation to several variables such as consistency with other studies, outcome expectancy and self-efficacy. From the study, it is seen that the intention to prepare for bushfires is driven by several important factors: critical analysis, action coping, outcome expectancy and a sense of community among the people. On the other hand, the intention to seek information when preparing for bushfires is driven by several factors such as self-efficacy, a sense of community and critical awareness among the people.

From the findings, several things about the behavioural intentions in individuals and how they prepare for bushfires are concluded. The most important one is that intention to prepare and intention to search information underlie the relationship of individuals with their environment. Therefore, depending on how the other variable factors influence them, the decisions of people with regard to preparing for bushfires will be made based on the two: intention to prepare and intention to search for information.

References

Paton D, Kelly G, Burgelt P T & Doherty M 2006, ‘Preparing for bushfires: understanding intentions’, Disaster Prevention and Management, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 566-575.

Queensland Government 2010, Queensland Government response to the 2009 Victorian Bushfires Royal Commission, viewed 18 July 2014, <https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=7&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CFgQFjAG&url=https%3A%2F%2Fruralfire.qld.gov.au%2FQld-Gov-response-23-12-102.pdf&ei=dw7JU_GaE8zY7Aaf0ICgDA&usg=AFQjCNHwhsOShNrTOtJVJxCQU6gwZLMKGQ&sig2=EI73bNVKgk4UvOXQpQgf6Q&bvm=bv.71198958,d.bGE>