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Critical appraisal and summary report of published work in a designated topic area Essay Example

  • Category:
    Nursing
  • Document type:
    Assignment
  • Level:
    Undergraduate
  • Page:
    2
  • Words:
    1490

SCHOOL OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY

400765 Evidence-Based Nursing 2

ASSESSMENT ITEM 1

CRITICAL APPRAISAL AND SUMMARY REPORT OF PUBLISHED WORK IN A DESIGNATED TOPIC AREA

PROFORMA 1

Author/s and Year:

Allard, Nicole, C, 2007

Journal:

Oncology Nursing Forum

Credibility of authors (for e.g. Do the authors have expertise in the area?)

Tappen (2010) argues that an author is credible when their credentials are coherent with the subject area under study. The author Allard, possess a PhD in the field .Her level of education indicates that she has undertaken a lot of research in the field. Therefore she is an expert in the area.

Country of the study

Aim and objectives of the study

To evaluate the usefulness of a nursing based intervention on the theory of self regulation referred to as Focus and Symptom Management Intervention (AFSMI) in facilitating the emotional and the physical well being of women who have experienced day surgery for breast cancer.

Study design

The experimental design was used.
Experimental designs are characterized by three essential elements: randomization, control and manipulation (Parahoo, 2006).

The experimental group (n = 61) and the control group (n = 56) were selected. During two phone sessions, the experimental group subjects received AFSMIat 3–4 days and 10–11 days after surgery.

Telephone interviews

Study setting (e.g. ward, community)

The community

Sampling method

Stratified sampling method was used. The sample total was grouped into a stratum, that is, women with axillary lymph node biopsy and women without axillary lymph node biopsy. From this grouping a random sample was drawn into the experimental and control group.

Appropriateness of sample

An appropriate sample is attained when the study participants can best supply information according to the requirements of the conceptual framework (Loiselle et al, 2010).The identified sample is appropriate because it met the requirements of the conceptual framework whereby the intervention aimed at helping women who have undergone day cancer surgery to not focus on experiences of their actual symptoms such as negative reactions and distress but rather concentrate on managing their symptoms .

Results (when applicable: credibility, transferability, dependability, & conformability)

Credibility evaluates if the link between the obtained results and the conclusions are logical or strong (Wood and Haber, 2010) .In the case of this study , Focus and Symptom Management Intervention (AFSMI) provided positive influence on the emotional and the physical well being of women who have experienced day surgery for breast cancer.

Transferability is the applicability of the findings to other people and other situations (Tappen, 2010).The study can be used to assist other women who have experienced day surgery.

Dependability/ reliability involves the research instruments yielding the same results or data after repeated trials (Tappen, 2010). In the case of this study this was not attained because statistically major differences were obtained between the control and experimental groups at certain testing points.

Conformability is maintaining objectivity in quantitative research. Conformability existed in the study because the researchers reported the work done, an analysis was undertaken and conclusions attained (Wood and Haber, 2010).

Ethical considerations

One of the ethical considerations in nursing research is autonomy. Autonomy is attained through informed consent. This is where the subject of research has the power to be given full information about the research (Byers, 2007). In the case of the study the women were given an envelope containing a pamphlet that explained the study and indicated that they would soon be called if they accepted to give their phone numbers to the researcher.

Beneficence is another essential ethical principle whereby the health care givers act in the best interest of the subject under research. In the context of the study the participants were not forced to be part of the research the nurses had to obtain verbal permission from the women in order for them to provide their phone numbers to the research assistant or investigator.

Justice is another fundamental ethical principal that recommends that research subjects are selected from various groups but not those who are susceptible to coercion. In the study the selected women were of good mental health and were willing to participate in the research (Byers, 2007).

Relative strengths of the publication

The research was well conducted and the findings well presented.

Relative weaknesses of the publication

Lack of originality many facts were adopted from other researchers

Application of the article in nursing practices

Nurses should be directly involved in supporting clients even after they go back to their community.

Conclusion of the article

Focus and Symptom Management Intervention (AFSMI) provided positive influence on the emotional and the physical well being of women who have experienced day surgery for breast cancer.

References

Allard, N. C. (2007). Day Surgery for Breast Cancer: Effects of a Psychoeducational Telephone Intervention on Functional Status and Emotional Distress. Oncology Nursing Forum, 34(1), 133-141.

Byers, J. (2007). Ethics in Critical Care Nursing Research. Sage.

Loiselle
,
C, Profetto-McGrath, J, Polit, D, Tatano, C. (2010). Canadian Essentials of Nursing Research. Williams & Wilkins Publishers

Parahoo, K. Nursing research. (2006). London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Tappen, M. Advanced Nursing Research. (2010). Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Wood, G& Haber, J.(2010). Nursing research: methods and critical appraisal for evidence- based practice. Mosby/Elsevier.

PROFORMA 2

Author/s and Year:

Victoria Greenslade, Barbara Elliott and Sue Ann Mandville-Anstey

Journal:

Oncology Nursing Forum

Credibility of authors (for e.g. Do the authors have expertise in the area?)

The authors have expertise in the area based on how they have presented their work. There is a great deal of originality and innovation, in terms of how they have conducted their research and presented their findings.

Country of the study

Aim and objectives of the study

To investigate the experience lived by women having same-day breast cancer surgery. Through understanding the experience of women in same-day breast cancer surgery, the findings may assist healthcare professionals in the identified region to improve the quality of care provided.

Study design

The research design used in the study was exploratory design. The aim of exploratory study is to get a broader insight into a phenomenon. In the context of the study the situation under investigation was theexperience lived by women having same-day breast) The study further aimed at evaluating nursing implications and further to provide recommendations for change.

Interview method — audiotaped interviews.

Study setting (e. g ward, community)

Community

Sampling method

A purposive sample of 13 women was taken from two city hospitals in the outpatient departments of the east coast of Canada

Appropriateness of sample

Sample appropriateness is linked to fulfilling the requirements of the conceptual framework (Loiselle et al, 2010). However in the context of this particular research there was no conceptual framework built by the researchers therefore making the sample inappropriate.

Results (when applicable: credibility, transferability, dependability, & conformability)

Credibility existed in the study because the link between obtained results and the conclusions are logical or strong (Tappen, 2010). The results of the study indicated that women who undergo same-day surgery experience variety of challenges as a result, the authors recommend that every woman going home after same-day surgery for breast cancer is provided with a follow-up visit for psychosocial support, assessment, education.

The study is transferable because the study recommendations are geared towards initiating changes in the healthcare system especially in caring for woman who have undergone same-day surgery for breast cancer (Holzemer, 2009).

The study has the attribute of dependability because the research instruments (audiotaped interviews) would yield the same results or data after repeated trials.

Conformability existed in the study because the researchers reported the work done, an analysis was undertaken and conclusions attained.

Ethical considerations

Autonomy was attained when the 13 participants were taken through the purpose of the research and the importance of the research.

Justice was also observed by not forcing the participants to disclose certain issue that they were not comfortable with (Maltby, 2010).

Beneficence was practise because the participants willingly agreed to take part in the study. (Byers, 2007).

Relative strengths of the publication

The publication is very educative and the recommendations very relevant to the nursing profession

Relative weaknesses of the publication

The study sample of 13 women was too small

Application of the article in nursing practices

There is need for increasing resources for community health nursing

Conclusion the each article

The recommendations of the study should be adopted in the nursing practice

Overall conclusion – application of both reviewed articles to nursing practices

Nursing is beyond the ward environment

References

Byers, J. (2007). Ethics in Critical Care Nursing Research. Sage.

Greenslade, M, Elliott, B & Mandville-Anstey, S. A. (2010). Same-Day Breast Cancer Surgery: A Qualitative Study of Women’s Lived Experiences. Oncology Nursing Forum, 37(2).

Holzemer, L. (2009). Improving Health through Nursing Research. John Wiley and Sons.

Loiselle
,
C, Profetto-McGrath, J, Polit, D, Tatano, C. (2010). Canadian Essentials of Nursing Research. Williams & Wilkins Publishers

Tappen, M. Advanced Nursing Research. (2010. Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Maltby, J. (2010). Research methods for nursing and healthcare. Pearson Education, 2010