Crime Stoppers Essay Example

  • Category:
    Law
  • Document type:
    Research Paper
  • Level:
    Undergraduate
  • Page:
    3
  • Words:
    2050

Research: Crime Stoppers

Lecturer

Abstract

Crime stoppers are thriving mechanisms that are adopted in technological advanced age to ensure that the population have access to efficient and effective ways of reporting incidences of crimes before, during and after they have happened. The general assumption is; most people fail to report crimes due to the needs for confidentiality and anonymity while conventional modes where people need to go to law enforcement officers are seen as hectic and thus reduce the likelihood of reporting. Crime stoppers offers a more efficient and effective platform for community to report often the cases that happen in their neighborhood and in turn direct security personnel to respond faster and prevent, control or mitigate the impacts of a possible crime (Briggs, 2010). A primary research is necessary to establish the likelihood of people to use crime stoppers to report crime incidences. In turn, a sample of students was included in the study through an online survey to collect concrete data. Eventually, there was a higher likelihood of reporting through crime stoppers when incidences were more personally or affecting someone close to a person who reports. Crimes stoppers can thus be used for the purpose of pursue, preparing and protecting population from crimes.

Introduction

The research project is conducted with the aim of assessing the likelihood of reporting crime to crime supporters. The research is put in place among university students in MMMMMM. The project aims at understanding the perceptions and presumptions related to crime reporting as a significant regulatory strategy that can be embraced (Briggs, 2010). It will assess a sample of students to see how they report crimes as preventative activity in response to risks in the campus. It will further asses the effectiveness of crime stopping and safety outcomes. In addition, it will identify the factors which affect adoption of reporting activities. The project is based on primary data through questionnaire means.

Eventually the project will empower the institution for proactive safety mechanisms on the students’ community. The project will see a total of 139 students assessed on crime reporting issues reached through questionnaires. Students are the main target of the initiative. The past surveys have established that many victims of crime did not report the incidence and the move to use crime stoppers is seen as timely mechanism to offer the community wide-range options and efficiencies of reporting crime leading to crime control and prevention. Therefore, the knowledge of reporting pattern as well as the factors that affect reporting behavior is critical and that is what the research will respond to.

Methodology

Research Design

The research is founded of a cross-sectional design to provide a snapshot of crime and crime reporting in the university setting. The design will help to draw inferences from the differences that exist between subjects and phenomena. Data will be collected at one point in order to relate crime incidences and crime reporting (Atzori, Iera & Morabito, 2010). The design has allowed the use of large number of subjects and will facilitate the use of survey technique for gathering data. A survey technique is preferred as it is usually inexpensive and will also take little time to conduct. Survey will use a set of questions devised for this specific study and which will help to collect relative large data for the research topic. The survey was sent to respondents through email to 150 students who completed anonymously. The responses were then analyzed to get the relevant information for the study.

Participants

Online survey was sent to students at MMMMM University. 150 students were selected through simple random sample. This sampling technique was used to get a section of student population that is easily accessible as it was more prone to probability. This benefited the study as survey was distributed easily and results obtained quickly. Students were chosen from larger population by chance.

Materials

The research made use of a survey question sheet as a research instrument that consisted of a series of five questions to gather information from respondents. The respondents were required to select from the list of items that followed each research question. The responses would then be analyzed, reviewed on trends and for making better and more informed decisions.

A ten to fifteen minutes online survey was distributed to 150 students in MMMM with a head note that describes details of the information required. In the opening head; prospective respondents were notified of the purpose of the survey; to understand the likelihood of reporting crime to crime stoppers. It also required them to complete the question with openness, honesty and according to personal opinion. It also stated that the researcher will abide to confidentiality and the data would be used for analysis purposes only. Contact details were also provided for the respondents to contact the researcher if they had any question. Survey was designed in order to offer multiple choices.

A high volume of survey was received from the respondents with 139 in total being included for analysis. The responses were capable of offering detailed results even if such analysis was slightly limited. Before going into details on the likelihood of reporting crimes, it was necessary to develop insights on whether students perceived stoppers as avenues through which they can advance their security. Crime prevention mechanisms were identified as a desirable by all respondents. The research found out that, 58% of respondents found crime stoppers preferable options that would ensure full-time security within the institution while 42% were not fully convinced that crime stoppers would be effective at all.

The information created believes that, some students are actively looking for ways to enhance their security. However, this is just a presumption at this stage of the study. Eventually, this led to a direct question that looked on how likely would students report a crime before, during and after it has happened. Not surprisingly, the research indicated that, 80% of students were looking for o expected that others people would report the incidence and particularly where there were many onlookers. Students were looking for other people who are responsible in security matters within the institution to carry out their role to deal with security matters. Only 20% were actively seeking to advance their own security as well as significant others through reporting such incidences if they suspected actions or someone who would commit a crime.

From multiple choice questions, result proved interesting with 33% of students indicating that they expected security agents and personnel to be responsible for crime matters with 44% agreeing that they would report crime incidences that specifically happened or would happen to them and another 23% would also report such incidences even when they did not concern them. The latter proved that they were not reliant on the security personnel but would use the available routes for reporting crimes and its possibilities. Moving by respondents responses, it is important to note that students are more likely to seek avenues that offer the optimum safety for them and that would latter bother them less. 70% agreed that security incidences were too demanding and would pose a degree of difficulties for security personnel when completing roles.

The assessment revealed that, most students valued the role of the institution in conducting safety affairs without involving students in the role. It also meant that reporting would be carried out with a higher level of perfectness when assumed by security personnel. The result showed that, two-thirds of students population would support and actively use crime stoppers either for their own or as well as for the others safety when they see a crime before, during or after it has happened. Another one-thirds was in support of the role as matters of concern with security personnel and thus, they would expect then to perform their duties. The responses were understandable in line with the current situation where students might need to balance between their personal safeties and avoid being involved in litigation or as witness of a crime incidence. However, crime stoppers are seen as best mechanism with higher possibilities of safety promotion. Its success cannot however be attained where some incidences happen in the presence of many onlookers.

Discussion

As Center & Portland (2014) argues, specific crime situation result to different reporting patterns. For instance, if a suspected crime has or is seen to have serious outcomes on a person, there would be more interest in reporting for personal safety and working toward ensuring future safety through a corrective and preventative activities. The person involved in crime would also see reporting as an avenue to ensure that justice is done if at all the crime perpetrators is apprehended. For crime incidences that are not closely related to a person, though there are exceptional cases, people would be inclined to have security agents with high skills and responsibilities take active roles and ensure development of security matters within the institution. Most would not like to be directly involved in reporting an incidence. The likelihood of reporting is highly related to seriousness of a crime or threatening crime to a person. Therefore, crimes that are less likely to affect someone or the interests of a close friend or person are less reported.

Crime stoppers are probable avenues and timely mechanism that are considered by many as they offer the community options to use wide-range devices like phones, SMS or emails which are effective and efficient in reporting than the conventional modes of going personally to security personnel or police officers to report crime leading to crime control and prevention. Comprehensive security plan can make crime stoppers channel substantially better as they can promote specific and quick actions to address issues, security threats and are also financial sensitive.

The research greatly shows the importance of promoting crime stoppers by increasing people’s capacity and knowledge about these channels. It is implied that, people would increasingly report crimes if they see efficient ways to do so and where they would anonymously do so. Crime stoppers are thus appropriate modes of crime control through three most effective approaches. First, community is strengthened to pursue safety by detecting and investigating threats at earliest stages. Eventually, security personnel can respond and be able to disrupt crime perpetrator activities before it come into effect.

Secondly, the aim of crime stoppers measures is to protect by strengthening reporting against attacks and thus reduce vulnerability. Through crime stoppers, it is possible to mitigate the impacts of criminal incidences where it is difficult to stop. Thirdly, crime stoppers aims at protecting or stopping people as well as vulnerable groups from recruitment or becoming criminals or incidences where others may offer support to criminals.

To conclude, people might look for advanced methods of crime reporting such as crime stoppers and solely rely on them for their safety. This is a critical message to be recommended for security sector during their attempt to develop and use crime stoppers. High tech world has come up with mechanisms that are efficient where people can recognize better channels to carry out reporting roles.

The research had some major limitation as it involved a population of people with similar characteristics; age, institution set up and common perception about the university responsibilities of safety. This limits its likelihood to generalizing or replicating similar results in another research setting. The level of assault and crime in the university may also vary widely with other day-to-day settings (Bettini, et. Al, 2010).

It is recommended that, for effective use of these channels, the people should be prepared on how to deal with crime incidences and educated on the right the course of action that will be followed to promote evidences over the reported incidence. Eventually, people can report more by promoting critical message even for the cases that do not directly involve them. There should be activities to promote new and fresh ideas and increase enthusiasm in reporting. Personnel operating crime stoppers should aim at complementing those who reports to drive security objectives

References

Atzori, L., Iera, A., & Morabito, G. (2010). The internet of things: A survey.Computer networks54(15), 2787-2805.

Bettini, C., et. Al. (2010). A survey of context modelling and reasoning techniques. Pervasive and Mobile Computing6(2), 161-180.

Briggs, R. (2010). Community engagement for counterterrorism: lessons from the United Kingdom. International Affairs86(4), 971-981.

Center, F. P., & Portland, O. (2014). Weekly Report. The Center.