Course Name and Code Essay Example

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Impact of Alcohol

Task A: Qualitative Research

Question 1

The type of qualitative research is phenomenology due seeking information on how individuals experience an alcohol related problems. It is a lived situation in which the interviewee can present their respective views on the phenomena

Question 2

The data collection method was through the use of interviews. The interview approach was through the use of telephone whereby the interviewees presented their views and also consent was sought before requesting the interviewees to respond.

Question 3

The analysis used:

  • The interviews were professionally transcribed after audio recording

  • The transcribed interviews were analyzed using NVivo9

  • Identification of themes was possible through the use of the approach

Question 4

The specific data collection methods are interviews and focus groups

Question 5

Convenience sampling was employed in collecting the information. The informants who had experiences and had dealt with the situations were approached and requested to present their respective views.

Question 6

Section I

Theme 3: Current situation

Section II

Theme 1: Impacts of drinking for children over the past few years

Section III

Theme 2: Nature of impacts of drinking for family functioning

Section IV

Theme 4: What helped and what didn’t help?

Task B: Quantitative Research Statistics

Question 7

In 2008-2009, the highest alcohol related domestic violence assaults were reported (11,817) compared to all the data presented in the table. In 2009-2010, the reported alcohol assaults were 11,371 which is lower based on 2008-2009 data, by 446. For the period 2010-2011, the reported assaults in NSW were 10,706 while in 2011-2012 was 10,183 indicating a continuous decrease. However, in 2012-2013, the reported alcohol related domestic violence assaults increased by 155 based on the 2011-2012 data to 10,338. In the period 2013-2014, the reported assaults decreased by 390 to 9,948. In general, the data indicates that a continuous decrease in assaults has been reported between 2008 and 2013 (data for 2008 was 11,817 whole for 2013/14 is 9,948). It indicates a decrease of (11,817-9,948) 1,869.

Question 8

Alcohol contributes to the highest number of all domestic violence assaults in NSW based on the available data. The general view of the table and percentages indicates that the number of reported violence based on alcohol is decreasing. For example, in 2008-2009, the percentage of reported incidents was 45%, which decreased partially to 44% in 2009-2010. A considerable decrease in a number of assaults was evident in 2010-2011 when compared with the percentage of 2009-2010: decreased from 44% to 40%. In 2011-2012, the percentage also decreased to 38, in 2012-2013 to 37 and in 2013-2014, it decreased to 35% of all domestic violence assaults.

Question 9

The statement is partially correct. The section of the statement that it states “alcohol is responsible for a large” is correct, but the “increasing proportion” is wrong. The percentage of all domestic assaults from the period 2008-2009 to 2013-2014 has decreased considerable. For example, in 2008-2009, the percentage was 45 while, in 2013-2014, the percentage was 35. Based on the differences in the percentages (45-30=10), it indicates that the proportion of alcohol incidents on domestic violence has decreased by 10%. Therefore, the statement is partially correct.

Question 10

Section I

With the confidence level of 95%, the parameter 7 lies between the endpoints 5% and 9%

Section II

With the confidence level of 95%, the parameter 1 lies between the endpoints 1% and 2%

Section III

It is not statistically significant because there was overlap after comparing the two sets of data

Section IV

Verbal abuse for age group 0-12 (40/56*100 = 71.42%) and verbal abuse for age 13-17 (24/34*100 = 70.59%). The age group 0-12 had the highest levels of verbal abuse based on the available data.

Section V

The rate of verbal abuse of the two sets of data is statistically significant

Task C: Odds Ratios & Confidence Intervals

Question 11

Section I

The decreased odds of child protection should be lower than 1. The family types are extended family (0.94), sole parent (0.90), and stepfather or stepmother family (0.87).

Section II

  • Extended family (0.94) – statistically significant

  • Sole parent (0.90) – statistically significant

  • Stepfather or stepmother family (0.87) – statistically significant

Task D: Learning Effectively in HBS108

Question 12

Subsection I

I have achieved the unit learning outcomes through understanding the factors of alcohol and influence on the family and the larger society. I have learned the numerous interventions and the role of numerous stakeholders (entities) in addressing alcohol related complications and challenges. I have used numerous resources in understanding the requirements of the unit. For example, the use of learning materials has improved my understanding and expounded my thinking on matters alcohol and larger impact on the society and community. Engagement with other learners enabled me to present my views during discussions and also understood the views of other students. It enables collaboration and open discussion, which enabled the students to argue and present counterarguments in appreciating the learning processes. Therefore, through the use of learning resources and completion of assessment tasks, I was able to understand the avenues that people in the society face due to alcohol problems.

Subsection II

The advantage of independent is allowing critical thinking and focused thinking while the advantage of group work is enabling clarification of some points. The disadvantage of independent learning is a lack of avenue to the discussion while the disadvantage of the group works distractions for other learners. Completing the assignments was through independent work while discussing on alcohol issues was a group work. Both approaches are important in learning process because it expounds the capacities of individuals and also enables critical thinking. The collaboration provides an avenue for clarification and instant feedback, which are important in advancing individual requirements and obligations. Therefore, the two approaches to completing tasks and assignments are important because it complements each other in fulfilling the requirements of the learning process.


Boden, J.M., Fergusson, D.M. and Horwood, L.J., 2012. Alcohol misuse and violent behavior: Findings from a 30-year longitudinal study. Drug and alcohol dependence, vol. 122, no. 1, pp. 135-141.

Borenstein, M., Hedges, L.V., Higgins, J. and Rothstein, H.R., 2009. Front matter (pp. i-xxix). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Du Mont, J., Macdonald, S., Rotbard, N., Asllani, E., Bainbridge, D. and Cohen, M.M., 2009. Factors associated with suspected drug-facilitated sexual assault. Canadian Medical Association Journal, vol. 180, no. 5, pp. 513-519.

Hamburger, M.E., Leeb, R.T. and Swahn, M.H., 2008. Childhood maltreatment and early alcohol use among high-risk adolescents. New York: Prentice Hall Publishers.

Szumilas, M., 2010. Explaining odds ratios. Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, vol. 19, no. 3, p.227.