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To help people achieve their goals as well as gaining greater in their lives. Counseling helps people to gain an insight in the origin as well as the development of emotional hardships leading to an amplified capacity to enable taking rational control over actions and feelings. It also assists people to move in a direction satisfying their potential.

This is the connection existing between the professional and a client. it helps in creation of trustworthy in counseling process.

Infancy – childhood – adolescence – adulthood. They offer a conceptualization to client and practitioners that include the starting tip to the counseling and an ending tip where the counseling will not be necessary any longer. this allows customers to start with an idea of whatever will take place throughout counseling process as well as the time finish line will appear to be apparent.

Counseling process 1: initial disclosure

2: in depth exploration

3: commitment to action.

The key points of helping relationship include acceptance. This is the act of accepting another people without judging them. For the helping relationship to be effective there must be respect among people who are involved in counseling. Respect is the manner of giving dignity to all people, being non judgmental open and consistently pleasant. Understanding is also an essential thing in establishing the helping relationship. This involves listening thoughtfully and carefully relating to experience of the clients. Trust is a way of making the client feel safe and makes them believe and understand that whatever they say will not be revealed to others.

There are five counseling theories. Psychodynamic or psychoanalysis theory- this theory is also known as historical perspective. The founder of the theory believed that there were insensible forces driving the behavior. Counseling Northwestern uses the theory to educate counselors, and it is entrenched throughout the training process. Another theory is behavioral theory and it’s based on certainty that behavior is educated. Third is cognitive theory which focuses on the way people thinking can change behavior and feelings. Cognitive therapists put their focus on the present situation of a client as well as their distorted thinking than their past. Fourth is humanistic approach theory. Humanistic therapists cater more about the current as well as helping their customers attain their highest potential (Azusa Pacific University, 1998). Fifth, holistic or integrative therapy, which involves integrating several elements of diverse theories into practice.

Supervisors provide ongoing guidance in the framework of related supervised experience to enable supervisees to offer ethical and effective services (Krishnan, 2015). They also operate mentorship, consultant and advisor. In their professional they may experience some difficulties such as ignorant since clients may fail to open up due to the fear of exposure.

Sometimes people can behave in an appropriate way that can be termed as an abuse. For example, a case where a parent is shouting or yelling to children in public. According to Edward (2010), in such a case, one can offer to go and call them and this will make the mother have the second thought to realize that was not the correct way of behaving in public.

Hypothesis development

Child’s developmental description

Develop incorporation of intake information.

Drug abuse is thought as being a multidetermined and addictive way of coping with difficult situation in life that later becomes habitual which in addiction leads to extended deterioration of circumstances in life. Addiction counseling address the symptoms related to drug addiction, areas of impaired performance and the structure as well as content of the ongoing recovery of the client (counseling connection 2016).


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