Corporate Governance in Australia Essay Example

  • Category:
    Management
  • Document type:
    Essay
  • Level:
    Masters
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Tension Erupts in Australian Banks as Reform Delayed FRI 21 JULY 2017

Change is inevitable, though some changes do not lead to the good of society or the industry. Australian banking aims at improvement as the people want to see it. Hence, the bank is making reform for the better. Enhancing products and services and more so, the culture in banks as the goals suggest will help gain confidence from the external stakeholders. The banks’ stability and firmness are the desire of the universe. The Australians’ successful future get determined by their contribution to the economy through investments and support which all begin from the clients hence the concern to reform and be effective. The purpose of this essay is to show the link between the banks and the corporate governance in solving developmental issues in the achievement of the business objectives and customer satisfaction.

The Australian bank’s reform plans postponement sent Ian McPhee, a former independent auditor of the industry to cater for the required transformation. The bank had not implemented the changes concerning deceitful advisers, breaching reports, sales commission, and conflict resolution. Change initiative, and the governance foreseer was set up by the Australian Bankers’ Associations (ABA) to eliminate the political instability present due to the many problems associated with commission-related auctions (Blundell-Wignall, et al., 2008). Even in the process of reform progression, Ian noted more challenges occurring in crucial areas. Problems were increasing as reformation was taking place. He suggested for the imposition of enough resources to make the changes needed to improve the banks. He emphasized on the commitment of all participants in the industry for the success of the review.

Ian recognized the senior executive who was nominated by several banks for the implementation role despite the lack of the required materials across the industry to fulfill the execution. He further stated that the range of the review needed clarification after interpretation by the stakeholders in their different comprehensive ways. The ABA Chief Executive concurred for proper Implementation of strategy in the banks necessitated working harder to ensure it is carried out in the best way possible with the appropriate discussion with its members. The Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) manager Phil reviewed the banking practice code as the Australian public commissioner Stephen, examined the payment and commission to avoid sales of incorrect products to clients.

There is bank progress in determining customer confidence growth and improvement of accountancy of each stakeholder of later. The initiative will ensure empowerment of buyers and make sure that simplicity of action undertaken to occur when things fall apart as well as increase the strength of regulations. Improvement of the bank culture, six initiatives were brought into play and included removing the individuals who performed and behaved poorly, develop the commitments of the customers to the banking code and supporting workers who complained of wrong behaviors (Abiad, Detragiache & Tressel, 2010). Also, the sale commission reviewing, strengthening the securities and regulations and finally, ensuring that the customers are not affected when a challenge occurs.

Despite, this development the bank is still not transparent with its customers neither is it clear with its directories. Commission issue is still the biggest threat with little adjustment showing up while the most and crucial issues get put aside. They include kicking out cheating advisers from the industry, finishing the black list for the counsel, removing breaching activities and solving disputes in the sector to which implementation of the new principal is essential.

Corporate governance (CG) concerns and related theories

The corporation is managed and led by the business governor through several mechanism and relations that identify the responsibilities and right of all participants in the organization. Procedures and rules used in decision making concerning the firm affairs. The goals made and followed based on the market, regulations and societal environment. Governance system involves supervision of action, rules, activities, and decisions of agents, stakeholders and the whole company (Adams, 2012). In attempts to cater for stakeholder interest, the practices of CG are affected. A large number of corporations were previously affected by fraud and accountability issues resulting into their indulgence in the corporate governance activities. Various types of disgrace have maintained political and public interest in corporate governance regulation. Failures of companies led to their regulatory interest increase and application of several reforms.

Corporate governance aims at solving the interest conflict among stakeholders. Ways of mitigating this rivalry require laws, policies, processes, institution, and customs that affect the control measures of a company. CG system has an impact on the economic effects which affect shareholders’ well-being. CG is involved in the evaluation of processes of resources and a business enterprise where governance is external to the issue getting controlled. It is also responsible for the management and the strategic functions (Abdullah & Valentine, 2009). To maintain sufficient accounting regulations, among officials, there is the formation of corporate rules that ensure justice and security as well as penalties for criminals. Codes and principles developed in many countries have been important tasks to certify regulations that hinder inappropriate behavior such as corruption and bankruptcy related issues among members of the community (Rose-Ackerman, & Palifka, 2016).

Corporate governance changes and challenges occur in a recurring manner (Bruner, 2010). Effective corporate governance gets identified for the reinforcement of the bank’s performance through the application of the principles that increase the attractiveness of the academician interest. CG facilitate accountability, minimizes risk outcome and ensures efficiency in the operations.

Stakeholder Theory

Corporate governance is involved in controlling the activities that affect the member of the company including the community. The activities protect the interest of the members. Conflict may arise among member of the firm calling CG into action. Performance improvement gets established by this system and this understood by the bank, regulator and the shareholders. According to the article, some members fail to cooperate in performing their duties diligently forcing a reform to be made that chase them out since they are no longer productive and they do not lead to an efficient relationship with others.

Based on the stakeholder theory all members are affected or affect the achievement of goals of a firm. The effect may be negative demanding manager’s attention to supervising in ensuring participation of all members uniformly. All staffs work together to get profit and when they fail penalties are involved in impacting change. Based on Erkens, et al., (2012) the theory incorporates behavior, law, ethics, and science. It addresses all the stakeholders as a unit. The purpose of the firm and interested parties in a system is to make money for its members unlike what was occurring in the Australian bank.

Agency Theory

Agency theory involves two individuals who include the agent and the shareholder that are in a relationship. The manager gets hired by the owner who expects the agency to work for him. The manager may not necessarily work for the benefit of the owner but may involve some selfish interest, and this arises problems that affect their relationship and interfere with the theory. Manager engagement in the malicious act minimizes their work effort, and their input and output are little reducing the value of the organization. The conflict calls upon the board to exercise their role reduction of the issue as well as to observe the managers as they perform their duties to increase the interest of the owner. The function of the director is to make sure the well-being of the owner is governed and protected. The Australian bank was making losses and losing customers’ trust hence the shareholder was earning little profit due to poor management, and this led to the appointment of Ian McPhee to come and foresee the implementation of the review (Masciandaro, et al., 2008). Therefore, failure on the improvement of the manager get deployed, and rehiring of another one take place.

The Theory of Resource Dependency

The theory deal with the material provided by the board of director. On the other hand, it means the functions of the leaders in acquiring valuable inputs to the company via their relationship with the outside factor. McPhee who was an independent ABA auditor who helped in setting the reform straight to enhance survival and improved performance of the bank. The more the external linkage, the better the organization since they specialize in a different location improving the quality of decision made as well as more networking to get more significant resources.

McPhee suggested for more material application in solving the problems that were facing the banks. The materials include skills, information, community, suppliers, customers and policy makers. The auditor asked for assistance in the elaboration of understanding of the reviews of every stakeholder to get their comprehension of the serious decisions. Increasing the number of outsiders was necessary for the execution of business plans problem solving and decision making processes. In case of sufficient cash, they would help to acquire it from their other bankers, public relations, and insurance companies

Stewardship Theory

In contrary to this opinion the chief executive was noncompliant to the required performance resulting to complain from the ABA. About this, a good manager increases and protect the interest of shareholder through improved performances which in return puts him in a better position. There is the accomplishment of goals and increased profit which raises the standard of the employees above others. By application of this theory, members of the bank can function appropriately after the Reformation thus improving output.

Business ethics theory focuses on what is right or wrong in any organization. McPhee understood the importance of the reforms in the industry and therefore much significance to the transformation of the ruined society to a better one that satisfies client desires.

Importance of the Issues

Proper governance promotes accountability, trust, mutual respect, morality and honesty among members of the company. The better the corporate governance a company has, the more it is competitive in comparison to those other ones. A suitable corporate system includes active management and procrastination that lead to a better organization and improve the standard and structure of the board. Also, it ensures timely information exchange, appropriate decision making to cater for the ethical issues by providing the right of the managers and shareholders protection (Moshirian, 2011). The norms, habit, beliefs, thoughts, and character of individuals in an organization defines the culture. To solve cultural issues would mean influencing the change of behavior, strengthening of the organizational framework that controls employees. More so, the culture could bring about better choices, arguments, and information provided.

Improvement of habits will increase the community participation due to the proper conduct and exposure for trade. Evaluation of the key code of the corporate governance including the good joint venture with clients and suppliers that will increase the survival rate of the industry and benefit the community in general and specifically the customers. By so doing, competition will increase, and profit maximization will follow. In the elimination of agency issue that results in separation of the owner and the executive. The corporate governance effectiveness solves the interest conflict by use of the appropriate mechanism that removes the selfish act of managers (Acharya & Richardson, 2009). The system also manages the behavior of the director to improve decision making and motivation toward reaching the firm’s objectives

Conclusion

By reviewing corporate governance as a transforming body, the Australian banks get reformed for the better of the clients’ satisfactions and achievement of the industry goals. By doing this, people get to understand the bank’s system and its structure. Through the help of the society and legal authority, the corporate governance will develop and so will the bank. In Australia, provision of the necessary infrastructure which includes investors, employees, suppliers and the general public will have a positive impact on the system. The resources will complement with the available ones to provide the required support to boost the administration of the bank system.

The theories in combination with the corporate governance should bring about better social relationship and understanding of the application of code for maximum output. For maximum output, members should become supervised appropriately and performance evaluation noted and in the case of poor performance training programs should be enhanced. Where the need is inactive participants get sent home and recruitment and selection strategy reinforcement to get well trained and participative employees. Presentation of annual report to the board concerned for evaluation and implementation of changes. Therefore, a continuous development of CG will be the motto of banks to increase accountability, efficiency, and productivity of the firm, members as well as the community.

References

Adams, R. B. (2012). Governance and the financial crisis. International Review of Finance12(1), 7-38.

Abiad, A., Detragiache, E., & Tressel, T. (2010), A new database of financial reforms. IMF Staff Papers57(2), 281-302.

Abdullah, H., & Valentine, B. (2009). Fundamental and ethical theories of corporate governance. Middle Eastern Finance and Economics, 4(4), 88-96.

Acharya, V. V., & Richardson, M. P. (Eds.). (2009). Restoring financial stability: how to repair a failed system (Vol. 542). John Wiley & Sons.

Blundell-Wignall, A., Atkinson, P. E., & Lee, S. H. (2008). The current financial crisis: Causes and policy issues. Paris: OECD.

Bruner, C. M. (2010). Corporate governance reform in a time of crisis.

Erkens, D. H., Hung, M., & Matos, P. (2012), Corporate governance in the 2007–2008 financial crisis: Evidence from financial institutions worldwide. Journal of Corporate Finance18(2), 389-411.

Masciandaro, D., Quintyn, M., & Taylor, M. W. (2008). Inside and outside the central bank: Independence and Accountability in Financial Supervision: Trends and Determinants. European Journal of Political Economy24(4), 833-848.

Moshirian, F. (2011). The global financial crisis and the evolution of markets, institutions and regulation. Journal of Banking & Finance35(3), 502-511.

Rose-Ackerman, S., & Palifka, B. J. (2016). Corruption and government: Causes, consequences, and reform. Cambridge University press.

Appendix

Banking and Finance

University AffiliationUniversity Affiliation 1

www.abc.net.au/news/2017-07-21/tensions-brewing-in-bank-review/8727984