Continuum of development of WWII Essay Example

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    History
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    College
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American Theater during the World War II

American Theater during the World War II

The battle against the U-Boat is one of the famous events in the American theater during World War II.1 The First World War developed international enmity, and every country went back to develop its armies and military technologies. The preparation took almost twenty years, and the world was all prepared for a greater war under advanced science and technology. Japan had claimed supremacy in the Asian region while Hitler had elevated his dictatorial approach that was felt across Europe and Africa. On the other hand, the US remained isolated as the world prepared for yet another war under the reign of President Franklin Roosevelt. Other countries such as Japan, Italy and Germany increased their aggression as far as war was concerned. The US remained neutral but greatly invested in military technology as a plan to enter the international war in style. One event that moved the US to the war was the act of the German Navy sinking the US warships. During the same period, the US imposed economic sanctions against Japan. The economic sanctions ensured that Japan significantly failed to access Southeast Asia and Japan was forced to retaliate by bombing America’s naval base in Hawaii.

It has been reported that before 1939, the US had not been prepared to engage in the Pacific war due to inadequate military technology as well as personnel.2 After the Pearl Harbor attack, the US Navy made significant steps to improve the submarine defense. Roosevelt made significant changes in the organization of the military leadership making Admiral Ernest King a commander in chief. The Admiral was responsible for the full engagement of the US in the battle for the Atlantic. The American theater comprised of players from the North America as well as South America but excluded Alaska and Greenland. When bracing for the war, the US ensured that the Army air forces worked together with the naval forces. It implies that the preparation for the Second World War was responsible for the technological advancement in the US. The US made many sophisticated military weapons with one major nuclear technology that was used against the resilient Japan. The bombing of Japan has been argued as the main reason that leads to the decline of the global war. The US established itself as the superpower around the globe boasting of the most modern technologies in the military sector.

It has been stated that the US gained a post-war consciousness and this meant that the country invested in more advancing its military technologies.3 Without involvement in the war, the US may never have had the desire and will to advance its military. The events of the Second World War provided all signs that the US needed to protect its territories from further attacks especially from Japan. Most parts of Europe did not have the technology to muscle out the US after the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombing.

The anti-submarine technologies were reported to have advanced as a measure of protecting the US territories. The Pacific and Atlantic wars were mostly characterized by the sinking of ships and this affected the naval strength of the affected forces. As an approach to engaging in the submarine war, the AAF developed an antisubmarine command that supplanted the bomber command but operated by the US Navy. The move is increased flexibility in both the Atlantic and the Pacific wars. The German forces found it hard to attack the US ships despite the fact that two ships were sunk in the Caribbean frontier. The US intensified its anti-submarine campaign, and the direct contender was German under Hitler. The campaign also led to the advancement of technologies to overcome the submarine attacks launched by the Germans. The use of the microwave radar technology, as well as the magnetic anomaly detectors, were introduced by the US forces. With these technologies, the US forces found it possible to detect attacks by establishing exact locations of submarines as well as aircraft. The military technologies in the US have greatly advanced in as far as protection of their airspace as well as their waters.

As established, the engagement of the US in the world war two was a greater influence in military technological development. When preparing to take part in the World War II, the US took the time to establish the most efficient technology to silence rivals. The same applied the Atlantic and Pacific wars. The German forces made a lot of profit and victories in the Atlantic and Pacific wars. Hitler’s naval forces sunk many ships using airstrikes as well as the submarines attack leading to the antisubmarine campaign fronted by the US. Technologies in this area also increased, and the development can still be felt in the present days.

Bibliography

Adamsky, Dima. The Culture of Military Innovation: The Impact of Cultural Factors on the Revolution in Military Affairs in Russia, the US, and Israel. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2010.

Green, Michael. United States Infantry Weapons of the Second World War: Rare Photographs from Wartime Archives. South Yorkshire: Pen and Sword, 2015.

Hallion, Richard P. «The Battle Against the U-Boat in the American Theater.» n.d. http://www.afhso.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-100924-006.pdf (accessed November 20, 2016).

1 Hallion, Richard P. «The Battle Against the U-Boat in the American Theater.» n.d. http://www.afhso.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-100924-006.pdf (accessed November 20, 2016)

2 Green, Michael. United States Infantry Weapons of the Second World War: Rare Photographs from Wartime Archives. South Yorkshire: Pen and Sword, 2015

3 Adamsky, Dima. The Culture of Military Innovation: The Impact of Cultural Factors on the Revolution in Military Affairs in Russia, the US, and Israel. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2010