COMPARISON OF POPULATIONS 1

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Comparison of Populations

Introduction

It is ideal for the health care professionals and practitioners to understand the health status and health needs of the community. Population health statistics are essential in referring to the population pyramids in the course of describing diverse populations. The approach is ideal in the provision of an easy approach to identify the health needs, as well as priorities of the health population. The purpose of this report is to describe the Saudi Arabian population before comparing it to the Australian population from a general perspective.

Saudi Arabian Population

Population Profile

The objective of this section is to evaluate and explore factors such as age and sex distribution, median incomes, and main industry among other elements, which will describe the population effectively. It is essential to demonstrate the fact that Saudi Arabia has a very large population. From this perspective, there are 31.5 million people living in the context of Saudi Arabia making the nation the 20th most populous nation across the world. The population density of the nation is about 14.67 people per square kilometre. Additionally, the median age for this population is 26.8 years-old. In the context of this nation, there are 1.19 males per female. It is crucial to utilize the GINI index in the measurement of the extent of income distribution within the nation (Guariguata, Whiting, D. R., Hambleton, I., Beagley, J., Linnenkamp, U., & Shaw, J. E. (2014).

Evidently, a value of 0 implies perfect equality. On the other hand, the value of 100 implies perfect inequality. The majority of people of Saudi Arabia tend to live in urban areas. By 2015, 83 percent of the population lived in the urban areas, which is 7.0 percent more than nations in the Western Asia (Al-Rubeaan, 2014). The urban population of the nation is growing at a rate of 2.34 percent, which is higher than the world median, 1.66 percent. On the other hand, the rural population is about 16.87 percent of the total population of Saudi Arabia, thus, the platform to grow at a rate of 1 percent. There are about 850,000 people migrating into Saudi Arabia seeking to exploit or maximize the opportunities in the nation. The nation records 20 births per 1,000 people. Alternatively, Saudi Arabia accounts for 3 deaths per 1,000 people, which is lower than the global median standing at 0.4.

Health Care Needs

The section will explore the likely health services ideal for this population. The discussion will aim at exploring and examining the general role of the health services within the population of interest. The life expectancy at birth is about 74-years-old for the male and 82-years-old for the females across Saudi Arabia. Similarly, the nation has about 12.5 per 1,000 live births as the infant mortality rate. Saudi Arabia tends to have very low food deficit, which is at 10 kilocalories per person on a daily basis. The survival rate for the population to 65-years-old is about 82.5 percent. The nation also has low tuberculosis incidences as evident in 12 out of every 100,000 people across the nation. Most children across the nation undergo vaccination against diverse health conditions, which makes it ideal to highlight the enormous roles and influence of the healthcare sector in enabling the nation to achieve its goals and targets (Aljebreen, Almadi, Alhammad, & Al Faleh, 2013).

Australian Population

Population Profile

The purpose of this section is to facilitate examination and illustration of factors such as median incomes, age, and sex distribution with reference to the Australian population. Evidently, these factors are ideal in the realization of effective and efficient description of the population. Australia tends to have 23.8 million making it one of the population nations across the world. The nation tends to have a population density of 3.1 people per square kilometre. Additionally, the population growth rate of the nation is about 1.34 percent, which is higher than the world’s median standing at 1.2 percent. It is essential to demonstrate the fact that the national statistical offices, as well as normalization through the UN population division define rural and urban areas (Mokdad et al., 2014).

Majority of the Australian population live in the urban areas. For instance, about 90 percent of the population lives in the urban areas (Australian Bureau of Statistics). On the other hand, the rural population accounts for 10 percent, which is currently growing at the rate of 0 percent. Furthermore, Australia tends to have a net migration of 1.02 million people aiming to exploit the opportunities across the nation. Similarly, there are 1.06 males per female in the case of Australia (Mokdad et al., 2015). It is ideal to demonstrate the fact that the ratio tends to decrease to 1.01 males per female for the all ages across the nation. Australia also has 13 births per 1,000 people, thus, the platform for the realization of low birth rates. On the other hand, the nation records 6 deaths per 1,000 people (Australian Bureau of Statistics). Evidently, the low birth rate of the nation proves to be significantly higher than its death rate contributing to the steady increase of the population.

Health Care Needs

This section examines and illustrates the role of the health care services. The approach will play a critical role in the evaluation of the health care needs for the Australian population. The life expectancy of the nation is about 82 years with female’s life expectancy standing at 84-years-old in comparison to 80-years-old for their male counterparts across the nation. Similarly, there are 26.8 percent of Australian adult population suffering from obesity. It is ideal to highlight that the obese population is about 0.8 percent lower than other nations such as New Zealand. The average survival rate to Age 65 is about 90.7 percent. Evidently, women in this nation have higher chances of living to 65-years-old in comparison to their male counterparts, thus, 92.9 percent against 88.5 percent respectively. There are very low incidences of tuberculosis as evident in 6 out of every 100,000 people. Furthermore, not many children undergo vaccination. Approximately 93 percent of the population undergo measles vaccination. Categorically, health care sector plays a critical role in enabling the population and nation to achieve their goals and targets in diverse spheres.

Comparison of the Populations

From the assessment of the populations of Saudi Arabia and Australia, it is essential note that there is nothing much to separate the two nations from health perspective. Firstly, it is crucial to highlight the fact that Saudi Arabia is more populous in comparison to Australia. The population levels of Saudi Arabia relates to its higher population growth rate or incidences of birth per 10,000 people compared to the case of Australia. Another aspect of diversity is evident in the percentage rate to survival towards the realization of the 65-years-old mark. In the case of Australia, the life expectancy proves to be much higher in comparison to the case of Australia because of the efficiency and effectiveness of the healthcare sector across the nation.

Alternatively, the low incidences of obesity and tuberculosis demonstrate the enormous role and influence of the health care sector in pursuit of competitiveness and efficiency across the two nations. This is highly evident in the number of vaccinations for the children, as well as the levels of mortality rates in the nations resulting from the enormous role of the healthcare sector.

Significance to Discipline Practice

The purpose of this section is to explore the role and influence of the population statistics and significance to health care and social work. The section evaluate why population statistics is important towards understanding the population demographics for effective and efficient healthcare practice (Cook, Cole, Asaria, Jabbour, & Francis, 2014). In the aforementioned statement, healthcare professionals and practitioners to understand the health status and health needs of the community. Population health statistics are essential in referring to the population pyramids in the course of describing diverse populations. In the first instance, the approach plays a critical role in the provision of the population-based health care.

This is through emphasising on need to target specific categories of individual with the intention of curbing particular disease incidences. Additionally, the approach provides the platform for the formulation of the healthcare strategies, thus, the opportunity to address the root causes of the illnesses or injuries across the population. Furthermore, health care practitioners and professionals will have the opportunity to understand what is ideal or desired for the improvement of the health conditions of the target audiences. From this perspective, population statistics prove to be ideal for the health and social workers in pursuit of their goals and targets while addressing their roles and duties in accordance with the expectations of the target audiences.

Conclusion

Conclusively, the report sought to describe the Saudi Arabian population before comparing it to the Australian population from a general perspective. According to the findings of the report, Saudi Arabia tends to have a large population in comparison to the case of Australia. Nevertheless, the health care sector tends to play critical roles in the improvement of the living conditions with reference to the two nations. This is highly evident in the quality health conditions among the citizens of Australia and Saudi Arabia.

References

Aljebreen, A. M., Almadi, M. A., Alhammad, A., & Al Faleh, F. Z. (2013). Seroprevalence of celiac disease among healthy adolescents in Saudi Arabia. World J Gastroenterol, 19(15), 2374-8.

Al-Rubeaan, K. (2014). The impact of diabetes mellitus on health and economy of Gulf Cooperation Council countries. Diabetes Management, 4(4), 381-390.

Australian Bureau of Statistics website, http://www.abs.gov.au/

Cook, C., Cole, G., Asaria, P., Jabbour, R., & Francis, D. P. (2014). The annual global economic burden of heart failure. International journal of cardiology, 171(3), 368-376.

Guariguata, L., Whiting, D. R., Hambleton, I., Beagley, J., Linnenkamp, U., & Shaw, J. E. (2014). Global estimates of diabetes prevalence for 2013 and projections for 2035. Diabetes research and clinical practice, 103(2), 137-149.

Mokdad, A. H., Jaber, S., Aziz, M. I. A., AlBuhairan, F., AlGhaithi, A., AlHamad, N. M., … & Alsowaidi, S. (2014). The state of health in the Arab world, 1990–2010: an analysis of the burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors. The Lancet, 383(9914), 309-320.

Mokdad, A. H., Tuffaha, M., Hanlon, M., El Bcheraoui, C., Daoud, F., Al Saeedi, M., … & AlMazroa, M. A. (2015). Cost of diabetes in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 2014. Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism, 2015.