COMPARING EDUCATION IN KUWAIT AND AUSTRALIA Essay Example

Education 4

Education in Kuwait and Australia

Australia comprises of has 6 states and 2 territories, these are: New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia, the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory. Three levels of government have been adopted in Australia: Federal, state and territory and the local. The education system comprises of the kindergarten, primary, secondary schooling and postsecondary education. Primary and secondary schooling is compulsory for ages between 5 and 16 (year 1 to 10). Post secondary education comprises of two sectors- the higher education and the vocational education and training (VET). In Australia, English is both the official language and the language of instruction although indigenous languages may be used in some areas (Cecil R. Reynolds and Elaine Fletcher-Janzen, 2004). The academic year is usually from February to December with most territories having four terms per academic year. In the higher education sector, most institutions have two teaching semesters per year between February and November. Cost of education in Australia varies depending on the level of study. Primary school costs vary between A$5,000 to A$11,000 a year for tuition while secondary school cost vary range from A$6,000 to A$13,500 a year for tuition. Depending on the course, vocational training costs vary between A$3,500 and A$18,500 .Undergraduate Bachelor Degrees vary between A$10,000 and A$16,500 per year. Postgraduate Masters and Doctoral degrees are typically in a price range between A$11,000 and A$19,000 per year.

In Kuwait, the education system comprises of the kindergarten, elementary, and secondary levels each having duration of four years (Smit, 1996). After the secondary education, a student can proceed to the university or opt for an adult vocational training. Education is mandatory for all children aged six and fourteen. Public education is provided free for to Kuwait children. Elementary, intermediate and secondary education is entirely restricted to Kuwait children. The academic year begins from late August or early September to mid-June. The ministry of education is a regulator beyond the school level. The country has only one university; the University of Kuwait unlike Australia where there are several universities. Adult and vocational schooling enables students who are over 16 years to pursue non-degree courses on various subjects. The students get an opportunity to learn technical and professional subjects including teaching, commercial studies, nursing, and mechanical and electrical trades. There are several private institutions in the country offering a variety of full and part-time courses in business studies, secretarial skills, computing and languages.

In Kuwait, the school day usually begins at 7:45 am and ends at 2 p.m., though these timings vary a bit from school to school. In Australia, school attendance is from Monday to Friday each week, School hours run from 9.00 am to 3.30 pm on each school day although this may vary slightly across Australia (Smit, 1996). Majority of schools in Kuwait are single sexed schools whereas in Australia most schools are mixed schools. Educational process depicts noticeable differences between Kuwait and Australia. First of all, in Kuwait we have free education from pre-school, as the student moves to the next level of education, tuition fees are subsidized by the government through the ministry of education. It is mandatory that a child must be educated until graduate from high school or completing eighteen years old. Moreover, the parents must support child financially. In Australia, however, parents have to pay school fees to educate their children; therefore education system is cheaper in Kuwait as compared to Australia.

References

Cecil R. Reynolds and Elaine Fletcher-Janzen. (2004). Concise Encyclopaedia of Special

Education: A Reference for the Education of the Handicapped and Other Exceptional Children and Adults. Sydney: John Wiley and Sons.

C. P. Smit. (1996). Education for transition: bridging non-western schools and western

higher education. Virginia: VU University Press.

Using English. (2008). what are the differences and similarities between Kuwait and

Australia? Retrieved on 7/3/2011 from http://www.usingenglish.com/forum/editing-writing-topics/60087-what-differences-similarities-between-kuwait-australia.html

Australian embassy. Study in Australia. Retrieved on 7/3/2011 from

http://www.kuwait.embassy.gov.au/kuwt/study.html.