Community health needs assessment plan Essay Example

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Community Health Assessment Plan.

Student’s information

Increase in teenagers’ screen use and its long-term effect

Teenagers seem to be reluctant in community health development as well physical exercise practices. This is influenced by the increased screen use both at home and schooling environment. This is hazardous as many of them are subjected to caption of obesity and cancer (De Young et al, 2017). There is need for a health assessment report on the same.

A visual planning model for health assessment

Community  health  needs  assessment  plan

Community  health  needs  assessment  plan   1

The physical support of the youth against increased teenagers’ screen use in Australia

Community  health  needs  assessment  plan   2

The above model will give an effective procedure to be followed in extraction of data from the targeted groups. Furthermore, extracting data from various sources give a clear picture of the subject matter (De Young et al, 2017). It is hence vital for this model to be followed effectively. Secondary data provision gives a chance for comparison between the current situation and the pre-existing situation (De Young et al, 2017). Tentatively, primary data vividly describes the current health status of a given population.

Determining the need

Many youth in the contemporary societies spend most of their leisure time on electronic devices. They use computers, and their smart phones excessively in watching movies, playing games and social networking. They also create more time for watching television programs. As such, they are left with very minimal time for their physical exercise captivating heath issues that include of obesity and chronic heart attack (De Young et al, 2017). Most dangerous is the exposure to electronic rays that leads to development of cancerous cells. Focusing on the Research done by the Cancer Council of Australia in conjunction with The National Heart Foundation of Australia, there is an increased usage of electronic gadgets which include computers, television, smart phones and tablets. Furthermore, a report by National Secondary Student’s Diet and Activity Survey in Australia suggest that 77% of the teenagers over-concentrate in electronic gadgets exposure during the normal working days (Rikkers et al, 2016). In weekends, the percentage increases to about 89%. When comparing the 2010, and the current data, there is an increment of 5% in teenage exposure in electronic devices. This is hazardous as it postulate an increased cancer development among the youth (De Young et al, 2017). As such, a community health assessment had to be done for analytical view of all the activities that expose the youth to the risk of extracting such health hazards. More so, the report will device the best methods to be used to remedy this situation. If this is not done, each person is at the risk of extracting cancer, which will be difficult to eradicate.

Community health assessment is a report that is used to describe the health status of the local people. It identifies the risks and causes of individual’s ill health. Aftermath, it formulate a plan of action and the procedures used to curb communal ill health risks (Przybylski et al, 2017). Fighting long term health effects need both national and international awareness and a unitary solution on the same. It is therefore vital to come up with a report on the increase in teenagers’ screen use and the probable long term health effects. The report is essential not only to the Australian heath status but also to the global health recovery programs.

The key stakeholder, partners and networks

For an effective health assessment report, data from The Cancer Council of Australia, Secondary Student’s Diet and Activity and The National Heart Foundation of Australia is key. The chair and CEOs of these organizations are key in extracting reliable data concerning probable causes of the increased cases of ill health caused long term screen use (Bartel et al, 2016). The Australian government as well plays a central role through the ministry of education in financing and provision of reliable data about this assessment. Parents and the affected youth are equally important in delivery of data concerning their daily activities. Monitoring students activities while in school and at home is key for extraction of first hand data. Additionally, social websites, articles and journals touching of the effects of long term screen use and importance of physical exercise are essential in giving information on the same (Bartel et al, 2016).

Data collection method.

To ensure credible gathering information I used both the secondary and primary data sources. Primary data was collected from parents and it was evident that students are given all the chances of selecting what to do during their leisure time (Merga et al, 2016). As such, they over concentrate on the usage of electronic devices rather than physical exercises. Group of students were sampled out and out of it, it was evidenced that many students like watching than any other thing. This has led to increased obese and cancer captivation. Following the repot formulated in 2010-2013 by The National Secondary Students’ Diet and Survey, it was evident that many students watch excessively leading to about 80% screen use. This disregards time for effective physical exercise. There was a survey done on 196 secondary schools countrywide on over 8,000 student samples of 8-11 years (Allison et al, 2017). Different surveys were done and data tabulated as shown:

Table 1. Showing annual survey done on electronic media exposure, physical exercise and obesity

Annual surveys

2009-2010 survey (%)

2012-2013 survey (%)

Average %ge

School day exposure to electronic media

A weekend day exposure to electronic media

Hourly physical activity per day

Obesity (BMI)

Table 2. Showing gender distribution on electronic media exposure, physical activity and obesity.

School day exposure to electronic media

A weekend day exposure to electronic media

Hourly physical activity per day

Obesity (BMI)

Table 3. Showing accessibility to electronic gadgets at home, physical exercise and obesity.

Students who:

2012-2013 survey

At least have a television at home

Have a television in their bedrooms

Have a computer in bedroom

Have a portable video player in bedroom

Parents who restrict watching hours

Extracted from cancer council Australia- Hollie Jenkins. (Allison et al, 2017)

From the table 1, it is evident that in students are exposed to screen at any environment, be it in school or at home. More so, little time is set for physical exercise. More so, on average, many male gender over use the screen generating a high percentage of obese patients as seen in the table 2. Parents are not bothered with the health status of their children. This is seen in table 3. Where only 30% of parents are able to restrict their children from excessive use of electronic devices. This means that these students disregard physical exercise.


From the data above, it is evident that many students are exposed to electronic rays which captivates cancer. In weekends there is a lot of exposure as compared to week days. More so, male students have a high risk of exposure than ladies. This shows that male gender is at high risk of extracting cancer (Jacobson et al, 2016). More so, there is a tendency of increment in cancer development due to increased exposure to electronic gadgets. Students spend little time on physical exercise per day. This has led to increased development of overweight. It is evident from the data that male child also has a higher tendency of having obesity than the female gender. Focusing on the electronic gadgets at home, about 65% of students’ possess them at home (Allison et al, 2017). Parents play a minimal role in restricting their students against over-use of electronic gadgets.

Allison, E., Dawson, N., Phillips, J., Lynch, C. and Coleman, J., 2017. Fifteen minute consultation: A structured approach to the management of children and adolescents with medically unstable anorexia nervosa. Archives of Disease in Childhood-Education and Practice, pp.edpract-2016.

Bartel, K., Williamson, P., van Maanen, A., Cassoff, J., Meijer, A.M., Oort, F., Knäuper, B., Gruber, R. and Gradisar, M., 2016. Protective and risk factors associated with adolescent sleep: findings from Australia, Canada, and The Netherlands. Sleep Medicine, 26, pp.97-103.

De Young, A.C. and Kenardy, J.A., 2017. Preventative Early Intervention for Children and Adolescents Exposed to Trauma. In Evidence-Based Treatments for Trauma Related Disorders in Children and Adolescents (pp. 121-143). Springer International Publishing.

Jacobson, C., Bailin, A., Milanaik, R. and Adesman, A., 2016. Adolescent health implications of new age technology. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 63(1), pp.183-194.

Merga, M.K. and Williams, R., 2016. The role of health educators in mitigating health risk from increasing screen time in schools and at home. Asia-Pacific Journal of Health, Sport and Physical Education, 7(2), pp.157-172.

Przybylski, A.K. and Weinstein, N., 2017. A Large-Scale Test of the Goldilocks Hypothesis: Quantifying the Relations Between Digital-Screen Use and the Mental Well-Being of Adolescents. Psychological Science, 28(2), pp.204-215.

Rikkers, W., Lawrence, D., Hafekost, J. and Zubrick, S.R., 2016. Internet use and electronic gaming by children and adolescents with emotional and behavioural problems in Australia–results from the second Child and Adolescent Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing. BMC public health, 16(1), p.399.

Schranz, N.K., Olds, T., Boyd, R., Evans, J., Gomersall, S.R., Hardy, L., Hesketh, K., Lubans, D.R., Ridgers, N.D., Straker, L. and Vella, S., 2016. Results from Australia’s 2016 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth. Journal of physical activity and health, 13(11 Suppl 2), pp.S87-S94.

Smith, J.J., Morgan, P.J., Lonsdale, C., Dally, K., Plotnikoff, R.C. and Lubans, D.R., 2016. Mediators of change in screen-time in a school-based intervention for adolescent boys: findings from the ATLAS cluster randomized controlled trial. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, pp.1-11.

Vaillancourt, T., Faris, R. and Mishna, F., 2017. Cyberbullying in children and youth: implications for health and clinical practice. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, p.0706743716684791.