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Introduction to the assessment

In Australia, hazardous emissions and environmental ruin have been a day in day out occurrence in the nation. They have been fueled by the development in the industrial area as the continuous human activity being the backbone to the pollutions. Also, there have cropped many effects due to the pollution issue. Therefore, the Australian government has recently adopted the Direct Action Plan in replacement of the Carbon tax which was previously adopted to solve some environmental issues. These issues include mitigation of the greenhouse gas emission as well as tackling several serious problems in the environment (Tang, 2010, pp. 41). The problems have led to the climatic change in Australia. In the assessment, the Carbon Tax underpinning theoretical and rationale to it in comparison to the Direct Action Plan have been outlined. It is a belief that the Direct Action Plan is the better and efficient as compared to the Carbon Tax that was adopted back in 2012. Besides, the adoption of the Direct Action Plan in Australia has helped in the reduction of emissions in the nation. Also, an alternative policy can also be sought to solve the environmental pollution and gas emissions (Giddens, 2009, pp. 10).

The rationale and theory underpinnings of the Carbon Tax as compared with the Direct Action Plan.

Several factors pushed the Australian Government to adopt the Direct Action Plan from the Carbon tax. These demerits that were evident in the Carbon Tax initiative are as outlined below. The parastatals experienced a shift into countries which had low carbon taxes. This resulted in having a low market to their carbon product due to the high tax rates charged. Therefore, to improve maintain a good environment in the nation and reduce greenhouse effects, the opted for the Direct action plan. The direct action plan came up with the abolishment of carbon taxes. The act led to more demand for their carbon emissions (Sumner, 2011, pp. 922). From the demand, the amount of carbon in Australia greatly reduced. Therefore, the environment was conserved to a greater percentage. Besides, the high cost that was experienced in the administration of Carbon tax was reduced to zero value. As a result, the efficiency of carbon increased. Also, the abolishment of Carbon tax helps the economic department too. There was an increase in the revenue received from carbon trading. It was due to the great demand in the untaxed carbon by Australians and other nations (Graeber, 2009, pp. 39).

Also, the carbon tax had a demerit on the economic activities in Australia. In this poor developing world, only a few individuals can afford the increase in the cost of energy. Most of this energy was a product from carbon emissions. Therefore, as a way of solving the problem, the Direct Action Plan was of great help. Is came up with the implementation of the Solar Town Programme. Solar programme was only expensive during installation. After installation less was spent on it for repair and maintenance. It also uses natural raw resources to function, which include solar from the sun. Due to the high sun-ray intensity in Australia brought about by global warming, the energy produced was efficient to power man’s activities (Graeber, 2009, pp. 42). Besides, people were given the chance to engage in the local levels of energy which was fueled by the clean and renewable energy. The local environment was greatly improved by the implementation of Direct Action Plan. Also. There was also an impaction of sense to the community and nation at large on self-reliance and personal ownership as well. The outcomes brought about many developments in Australia in relation to the economy, environment, as well as the social life (Sumner, 2011, pp. 925).

In the carbon tax policy, the nation could hardly determine the amount of carbon produced. Therefore, a clear account of the revenue received from the carbon emissions was never achieved. The Direct Action Plan came in to provide a solution to the problem. They implemented the reduction of emissions and their funds as well. In minimal emissions, it was easier to measure the emissions and carbon produced over a given period. Therefore, the economy was boosted since the revenue records were clear and correct (Giddens, 2009, pp. 14). The emission reduction fund implemented in the Direct Action Plan was the centerpiece of the Climate Action Policy tabled by the Australian Government. In conjunction with the policies in the Direct Action Plan, the reduction of emission funds will achieve their target. The target is to reduce emissions by 5% below 2000 levels before 2020 is reached. Besides, the Carbon Tax was not voicing the reduction of emissions in Australia since the only economic sector was advantaged with the environment getting ruined further (Tang, 2010, pp. 43).

Identification of the best Policy alternative over Carbon Tax and Direct Action Plan and the explanation.

An alternative policy in place of the Direct Action Plan is the adoption and making adjustments on the policies in the Eastern Tree Service (ETS). The ETS is leading in the market of vegetation. All its services are meant for the conservation of the environment as well as in the reduction of emissions in the World. Under it are several core services that fueled to its preference. It offers the clearing of assessments, network maintenance, management of assets, infrastructure, and ground, as well as vegetation management (Meadows, 2016, pp. 152). These are the key factors in the environmental conservation and development of the nation. They are better as compared to the Direct Action Plan and the Carbon Tax policy that was adopted in Australia. Several changes have been made on the ETS. They include an introduction of Electrical services, managing the traffic safely as well as offering fleet services. These fleet services deal with the vehicle and other equipment that are necessary for other divisions (Meadow, 2016, pp. 164).

In conclusion to the assessment, the Direct Action Plan is better that the Carbon Tax policy though not the best. Direct Action Plan has managed to reduce the emissions and increase the demand for carbon thus reducing its quantity. It has greatly impacted the economic and environmental department. The best Policy over the two is found to be the Eastern Tree Service whose core activities cut across all environment polluting features. Therefore, its adoption will help the Australia Government reach their conservation target by 2020.

Reference list

Giddens, A., 2009. The politics of climate change. Cambridge, UK, pp. 10-15.

Graeber, D., 2009. Direct action: An ethnography. AK press, pp. 39-43.

Meadows, J., 2016, February. The potential for a small-scale biomass energy industry on the sunshine coast based on locally-available waste wood. In Small-scale and Community Forestry and the Changing Nature of Forest Landscapes, Proceedings from the IUFRO Research Group 3.08 Small-scale Forestry Conference (pp. 150-168). University of the Sunshine Coast.

Sumner, J., Bird, L. and Dobos, H., 2011. Carbon taxes: a review of experience and policy design considerations. Climate Policy11(2), pp.922-943.

Tang, Z., Brody, S.D., Quinn, C., Chang, L. and Wei, T., 2010. Moving from agenda to action: evaluating local climate change action plans. Journal of environmental planning and management53(1), pp.41-62.