Civil Society and Social Capital, Capacity and Resilience Essay Example

  • Category:
    Sociology
  • Document type:
    Article
  • Level:
    Undergraduate
  • Page:
    1
  • Words:
    572

The civil society is the main pillar for the growth and development of the community. It is responsible for the development social and economic project in the community. The social wellbeing of the community lies depend largely on the civil society. During the times of crisis, the civil society is responsible for the reconstruction of the broken social structures in the community. By so doing, it aims at creating a lasting resilience in the community by reducing the constant vulnerability to disasters. This paper aims at discussing how the spirit of civil society has helped in building the social resilience and capacity in the Israel’s society.

Since mid 1970s, Israel has been trying to cope with the deprived neighborhoods. Israel community consists of ethnic minority groups, Arabs Druze and new immigrants especially from ex-Russia and Ethiopia (Aldrich 2012). One of the sites occupied by these ethnic communities is the Project Renewal (PR) which is home to 1.25 million inhabitants (Aldrich 2012). They preferred settling in the PR neighborhood due to the existence of cheap housing and low rent. Compared to the veteran occupants, the groups found themselves in an adversity that was totally different in terms of economic, social, political and ethno culture.

Social inclusion and diversity are two aspects that require the intervention of the civil society to facilitate integration and inclusion (Brebbia et al., 2011). PR developed a holistic approach that is well expressed in knowing the meaning of culture to each different ethnic group of the immigrants as well as how, the daily work policies and terms are implemented by the professionals. The policy of social resilience was the main framework that transformed the community from point of adversity to the point of capacity (Brebbia et al., 2011). This enabled the community and the individuals to dialogue for meaningful and culturally justified sharing of resources.

Resilience is the capacity to succeed in the face of stress, disturbance or adversities. This definition is based on the fact that rehabilitation process after disaster is long and needs massive resource investment to reconstruct the cultural structures a healthy co-existence of the different ethnic groups. The role of civil society in rebuilding the community resilience is manifested in the way it assisted the Ethiopian immigrants in persevering the religious and political executions alongside dangerous and tedious journey from Ethiopia (Randhawa 2012).

The civil society has strengthened the social capital of the community by incorporating social, human, cultural as well as political resources. Such resources include access to basic social amenities and organizations that aims at bringing different communities together regardless of their origins (Randhawa 2012). The civil society has also fought for the freedom of speech for the oppressed minorities thus giving them a chance to air their voices on matters touching on their social welfare.

In conclusion, the paradigm between social resilience and capacity is attributed to outstanding efforts of the civil society and the ability of the community to embrace change. Building community resilience involves creation of social networks, development of risk reduction strategies as well as accurate planning of how the process of adaptation will be followed for future sustenance.

References

Aldrich, D. 2012. Building Resilience: Social Capital in Post-Disaster Recovery.

Brebbia, A., Kassab, A., & Divo, E. 2011. Disaster Management And Human Health Risk II: Reducing Risk, Improving Outcomes. Southampton, UK, WIT Press.

Randhawa, K. 2012. Civil Society in Malerkotla, Punjab: Fostering Resilience through Religion. Lanham, Md, Lexington Books.